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Vicente Ramon Guerrero: Mixed-Race Historic Figure

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  • multiracialbookclub
    THE LIFE OF MEXICAN PRESIDENT VICENTE RAMÓN GUERRERO [guerrero.jpg (16866 bytes)] By William Loren Katz* Vicente Guerrero was a Mixed-Race man whose lineage
    Message 1 of 2 , Sep 3, 2007
    • 0 Attachment
      THE LIFE OF MEXICAN PRESIDENT
      VICENTE RAMÓN GUERRERO



      guerrero.jpg (16866 bytes)


      By William Loren Katz*

      Vicente Guerrero was a Mixed-Race man whose
      lineage included African, Amerindian and European
      ancestry and who became one of the presidents of Mexico .

      Vicente Guerrero has been a towering figure in
      the Americas , masterfully commanding Mexico 's
      liberation army during much of its independence
      movement, and later assuming his country's
      presidency where he again fought off foreign invaders.

      Born poor to a Black-Indian family and growing up without
      formal schooling, he taught himself to read and write as
      he trained his troops in the Sierra Madre mountains.

      He was able to help write Mexico's constitution;
      free those people who were being held in
      chattel-slavery there; take steps to educate
      and elevate its poor and people-of-color;
      and to also serve as his country's first
      president whose full lineage included
      both African and Amerindian ancestry.

      Guerrero at 27 was a hard-working mule driver until
      the spirit of freedom moved him to action along
      with tens of thousands of other men and women
      of his 'racial and economic background'.

      In 1810 he cast his skills and offered his sacred
      honor in the struggle against a Spain that at the time
      dominated his country and also most of Latin America .

      Historian, J.A. Rogers called Guerrero 'the George
      Washington and Abraham Lincoln of Mexico' --  
      an assessment that indicates the man's stature. 

      Author, Theodore G. Vincent has written a thorough
      study of this important figure,
      The Legacy of Vicente
      Guerrero, Mexico's First Black-Indian President

      ( University of Florida Press , 2001, 336 pages).

      More than just the biography of a public figure, Vincent
      weaves an inspiring addition to the freedom-fighting
      heritage of the Americas and also uncovers the
      untold story of "Mexican cultural nationalism."

      In 1810 Guerrero joined the struggle in which
      he would fight in "491 battles without a defeat"
      and began his rise from the ranks of other
      "Pardos" (i.e. people-of-mixed-"races").

      His attributes included an ability to
      speak many indigenous languages
      and a command of military tactics.

      When first given command, Guerrero had 500
      unarmed troops, but he soon remedied this with a
       midnight cavalry attack on a Spanish fortification
      that gained his men guns and ammunition.

      In his first year when he was elevated to Captain,
      he was able to convince many Amerkindian men
      of military age to support the revolution.

      The Mexican Independence war was one
      of the first modern guerrilla wars against
      an imperialist army that burned villages.

      It was also one of the first instances where guerrilla
      fighters without an urban base maintained a political base.

      The revolutionaries lacked enough guns and
      ammunition, and had to battle against local
      militias determined to settle old scores.

      Roadsides were marked by crucifixes bearing
      the rotting bodies of bandits and insurgents.

      Guerrero had to make it up as it came along.

      Guerrero's humanitarian impulses, close identification
      with his soldiers and public speaking skills helped
      cement a relationship with his "Pardo" army.

      When he won a victory he would claim
      he was a soldier in the ranks and,
      "It wasn't me ... but the people
      -- who fought and triumphed."

      He appointed Pedro Ascencio Alquisiras to be
      the first Amerindian General in Mexico 's army.

      Vincent is carefully tuned to the complicated racial
      structure of Mexico caused by the Spanish invasion,
      and he paints a vivid and sharp picture of the
      changing social relations caused by the revolution.

      He points out that the great liberator, Jose Maria
      Morelos y Pavon who mentored Guerrero, was also
      a Black-Indian as were many other high officers.

      By 1800 people of some part-African lineage were
      a majority of settlers in Durango , Sinaloa , Sonora ,
      and California and Acapulco was 95% Pardo.

      By 1820 the Independence movement boasted
      only one standing army, the "dark" freedom-fighters
      -- who were under the command of Guerrero.

      Spain 's obsession with "race" led to laws
      that denied people-of-color advancement.

      Even the first revolutionary Constitution of 1812
      included article #22 that excluded people of any
      part-African lineage from benefiting from many
      reforms such as political rights and freedoms.

      But this only mobilized Guerrero and others to
      see that the overthrow of Spanish officials also
      included an agenda of freedom and equality for all.

      Guerrero also had to defeat efforts of the White
      elite of Mexico to highjack the revolution
      won by his dark-skinned soldiers.

      In 1823 he declared "We have defeated the colossus,
      and we bathe in the glow of new found happiness."

      True freedom, he declared is
      "
      living with a knowledge that
      no one is above anyone else
      ,
      and that there is no title more
      honored than that of the citizen"
      and this applies equally to soldier,
      worker, official, cleric, landowner,
      laborer, writer and craftsman.

      On April first, 1829 Vicente Guerrero assumed
      the presidency of Mexico and his partisans
      riotously celebrated this "father of his people."

      Decades before Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg
      Address spoke of a democracy of, by and for the
      people, Guerrero promised to be guided always by
      "that important truth that those in office are for the
      people, and not the people for those in office."

      In his first address to the Mexican Congress, Guerrero said:

      "The administration is obliged to procure the widest
      possible benefits and apply them from the palace of
      the rich to the wooden shack of the humble laborer.

      If one can succeed in spreading the guarantees of the
      individual, if the equality before the law destroys the
      efforts of power and of gold, if the highest title
      between us is that of citizen, of the rewards
      we bestow are exclusively for talent and virtue,
      we have a republic, and she will be
      conserved by the universal suffrage
      of a people solid, free and happy."


      On his third day in office, the president invited
      people of all "races" to his 47th birthday
      party, a fiesta held on the city outskirts.

      On the fourth day he addressed a letter to his constituents
      in the "land of the Pintos" (meaning "darker people"),
      commending their 33 martyrs in the fight for liberty.

      At the same moment, Guerrero was being roundly
      denounced by conservative and liberal politicians for being
      `of a lower class and lower caste' and was snidely called
      "the commoner" as though this made him unable to lead.
      He rejoiced in his own `common' touch.

      In Oaxaca he was supported by a 23-year old Indian
      campaign worker, Benito Juarez, who would become
      the first Amerindian president and drive out the
      last foreign invasion of Mexico in the 1860s.

      Guerrero sought out the wisdom of his wife Maria
      Guadalupe Hernendez de Guerrero who became
      an important advisor known as "La Generala."
      She later became the leader of his movement.


      Guerrero began his term by ending the death penalty
      by edict, and also commuted all death sentences.

      Next he raised taxes to pay for
      improvements in the lives of the poor.

      Then he proclaimed "Slavery is abolished in the
      Republic" on Independence Day, September 16, 1829.


      However, the rich staged a tax rebellion against his policies
      and as his army went unpaid units became mutinous.

      Some of Guerrero's officials were
      assassinated, and army desertions rose.

      The Mexican Congress finally declared by a vote
      of 23 to 17 he had abused his presidential power.

      His foes wanted to have him declared morally
      unfit and "crazy" but this did not happen.

      However, his foes had him kidnapped at a dinner
      party aboard an Italian ship in Acapulco and
      assassinated by a firing squad in February, 1831.

      Source:


      http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/guerrero.html  

      Related Link:

      http://www.upf.com/book.asp?id=VINCEF01

      Note:

      William Loren Katz is the author of
      Black-Indians: A Hidden Heritage
      and his website is:
      www.williamlkatz.com

    • pierre jefferson
      Thank you Multiracialbookclub, For bringing light to this mixed race historical figure, Vicente Ramon Guerrero, in reading of his life such as freeing people
      Message 2 of 2 , Sep 3, 2007
      • 0 Attachment
        Thank you Multiracialbookclub,
         
         For bringing light to this mixed race historical figure,
        Vicente Ramon Guerrero, in reading of his life such
        as freeing people out of slavery, and magnificently
        commanding the Mexican Liberation Army" then
        assuming his countries presidency fighting off
        foreign invaders.
         
        I was never taught this in school` sadly i never knew
        of this great leader` sadly i feel he was censored
        due to the fact he was of mixed race, being of
        African and Americanindian heritage.
         
        And all of the othe contributions he made during his
        life time was unbelievable.
         
        But truth is coming more and more to the surface! those
        who have tried to cover up these great figures and move
        them into the back of the library in hard to locate books,
        those efforts can no longer conceal the contributions many
        people of color and mixed race have given to the world.
         
        When one race tries to take all the credit` for inventions..
        leadership..knowledge..ect` that in its self is absolutely
        uncomprehending and wrong.
         
        Thank you for posting this information about him` I'm sure
        it will be appreciated and read by many seeking Truth:
         
        Thank you  Pierre

        multiracialbookclub <soaptalk@...> wrote:
        THE LIFE OF MEXICAN PRESIDENT
        VICENTE RAMÓN GUERRERO



        guerrero.jpg (16866 bytes)


        By William Loren Katz*
        Vicente Guerrero was a Mixed-Race man whose
        lineage included African, Amerindian and European
        ancestry and who became one of the presidents of Mexico .

        Vicente Guerrero has been a towering figure in
        the Americas , masterfully commanding Mexico 's
        liberation army during much of its independence
        movement, and later assuming his country's
        presidency where he again fought off foreign invaders.

        Born poor to a Black-Indian family and growing up without
        formal schooling, he taught himself to read and write as
        he trained his troops in the Sierra Madre mountains.

        He was able to help write Mexico's constitution;
        free those people who were being held in
        chattel-slavery there; take steps to educate
        and elevate its poor and people-of-color;
        and to also serve as his country's first
        president whose full lineage included
        both African and Amerindian ancestry.

        Guerrero at 27 was a hard-working mule driver until
        the spirit of freedom moved him to action along
        with tens of thousands of other men and women
        of his 'racial and economic background'.

        In 1810 he cast his skills and offered his sacred
        honor in the struggle against a Spain that at the time
        dominated his country and also most of Latin America .

        Historian, J.A. Rogers called Guerrero 'the George
        Washington and Abraham Lincoln of Mexico' --  
        an assessment that indicates the man's stature. 

        Author, Theodore G. Vincent has written a thorough
        study of this important figure,
        The Legacy of Vicente
        Guerrero, Mexico's First Black-Indian President

        ( University of Florida Press , 2001, 336 pages).

        More than just the biography of a public figure, Vincent
        weaves an inspiring addition to the freedom-fighting
        heritage of the Americas and also uncovers the
        untold story of "Mexican cultural nationalism. "

        In 1810 Guerrero joined the struggle in which
        he would fight in "491 battles without a defeat"
        and began his rise from the ranks of other
        "Pardos" (i.e. people-of-mixed-"races").

        His attributes included an ability to
        speak many indigenous languages
        and a command of military tactics.

        When first given command, Guerrero had 500
        unarmed troops, but he soon remedied this with a
         midnight cavalry attack on a Spanish fortification
        that gained his men guns and ammunition.

        In his first year when he was elevated to Captain,
        he was able to convince many Amerkindian men
        of military age to support the revolution.

        The Mexican Independence war was one
        of the first modern guerrilla wars against
        an imperialist army that burned villages.

        It was also one of the first instances where guerrilla
        fighters without an urban base maintained a political base.

        The revolutionaries lacked enough guns and
        ammunition, and had to battle against local
        militias determined to settle old scores.

        Roadsides were marked by crucifixes bearing
        the rotting bodies of bandits and insurgents.

        Guerrero had to make it up as it came along.

        Guerrero's humanitarian impulses, close identification
        with his soldiers and public speaking skills helped
        cement a relationship with his "Pardo" army.

        When he won a victory he would claim
        he was a soldier in the ranks and,
        "It wasn't me ... but the people
        -- who fought and triumphed."

        He appointed Pedro Ascencio Alquisiras to be
        the first Amerindian General in Mexico 's army.

        Vincent is carefully tuned to the complicated racial
        structure of Mexico caused by the Spanish invasion,
        and he paints a vivid and sharp picture of the
        changing social relations caused by the revolution.

        He points out that the great liberator, Jose Maria
        Morelos y Pavon who mentored Guerrero, was also
        a Black-Indian as were many other high officers.

        By 1800 people of some part-African lineage were
        a majority of settlers in Durango , Sinaloa , Sonora ,
        and California and Acapulco was 95% Pardo.

        By 1820 the Independence movement boasted
        only one standing army, the "dark" freedom-fighters
        -- who were under the command of Guerrero.

        Spain 's obsession with "race" led to laws
        that denied people-of-color advancement.

        Even the first revolutionary Constitution of 1812
        included article #22 that excluded people of any
        part-African lineage from benefiting from many
        reforms such as political rights and freedoms.

        But this only mobilized Guerrero and others to
        see that the overthrow of Spanish officials also
        included an agenda of freedom and equality for all.

        Guerrero also had to defeat efforts of the White
        elite of Mexico to highjack the revolution
        won by his dark-skinned soldiers.

        In 1823 he declared "We have defeated the colossus,
        and we bathe in the glow of new found happiness."

        True freedom, he declared is
        "
        living with a knowledge that
        no one is above anyone else
        ,
        and that there is no title more
        honored than that of the citizen"
        and this applies equally to soldier,
        worker, official, cleric, landowner,
        laborer, writer and craftsman.

        On April first, 1829 Vicente Guerrero assumed
        the presidency of Mexico and his partisans
        riotously celebrated this "father of his people."

        Decades before Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg
        Address spoke of a democracy of, by and for the
        people, Guerrero promised to be guided always by
        "that important truth that those in office are for the
        people, and not the people for those in office."

        In his first address to the Mexican Congress, Guerrero said:

        "The administration is obliged to procure the widest
        possible benefits and apply them from the palace of
        the rich to the wooden shack of the humble laborer.

        If one can succeed in spreading the guarantees of the
        individual, if the equality before the law destroys the
        efforts of power and of gold, if the highest title
        between us is that of citizen, of the rewards
        we bestow are exclusively for talent and virtue,
        we have a republic, and she will be
        conserved by the universal suffrage
        of a people solid, free and happy."


        On his third day in office, the president invited
        people of all "races" to his 47th birthday
        party, a fiesta held on the city outskirts.

        On the fourth day he addressed a letter to his constituents
        in the "land of the Pintos" (meaning "darker people"),
        commending their 33 martyrs in the fight for liberty.

        At the same moment, Guerrero was being roundly
        denounced by conservative and liberal politicians for being
        `of a lower class and lower caste' and was snidely called
        "the commoner" as though this made him unable to lead.
        He rejoiced in his own `common' touch.

        In Oaxaca he was supported by a 23-year old Indian
        campaign worker, Benito Juarez, who would become
        the first Amerindian president and drive out the
        last foreign invasion of Mexico in the 1860s.

        Guerrero sought out the wisdom of his wife Maria
        Guadalupe Hernendez de Guerrero who became
        an important advisor known as "La Generala."
        She later became the leader of his movement.


        Guerrero began his term by ending the death penalty
        by edict, and also commuted all death sentences.

        Next he raised taxes to pay for
        improvements in the lives of the poor.

        Then he proclaimed "Slavery is abolished in the
        Republic" on Independence Day, September 16, 1829.


        However, the rich staged a tax rebellion against his policies
        and as his army went unpaid units became mutinous.

        Some of Guerrero's officials were
        assassinated, and army desertions rose.

        The Mexican Congress finally declared by a vote
        of 23 to 17 he had abused his presidential power.

        His foes wanted to have him declared morally
        unfit and "crazy" but this did not happen.

        However, his foes had him kidnapped at a dinner
        party aboard an Italian ship in Acapulco and
        assassinated by a firing squad in February, 1831.

        Source:

        http://www.cwo. com/~lucumi/ guerrero. html  

        Related Link:

        http://www.upf. com/book. asp?id=VINCEF01

        Note:

        William Loren Katz is the author of
        Black-Indians: A Hidden Heritage
        and his website is:
        www.williamlkatz. com


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