Re: [Generation-Mixed] Puerto Rican/African Diaspora
- Thanks Peter, when I saw that I thought it concerned
a subgroup of our Puerto Rican DNA geographic group.
My only comment on the article however
is that, historically, 85% to 90% of
Puertorriqueños (PR) are Mixed.
To say one is Black when one is Mulatto
- and the color seems to point to Mulatto
background - is not exactly right.
Years ago, I attempted to show how Pardo had
to mean Indian / White and was told I was wrong;
our PR DNA geographic project has proven that.
Clemente appears to not own up to the non-Black or
non-Indian genes - and that is not exactly right either.
What one SAYS one is can deny
WHAT one is because of WHO one is.
And the racial-barriers, in spite of the mixing that went
on, were active as much in PR as in the rest of America
from the cold northern gorges (what Cañada means) to the
Patagonian reefs of Tierra del Fuego (sic, 55º S brrrrrrrrrr).
Having grown up in Brooklyn, NY, however, I understand
that Clemente took on The One-Drop Rule from "over there"...
And the taking on of other cultural values or notions
is something I have experienced several times in my
life - when I came back home at age 27 (OMG, 28
years ago!), I had to divest myself of quite a few...
Interestingly enough, we have many instances
of what we call "Blanqueamiento" Whitening...
People paid $$ to have the darker grandparents or parents
"removed" from slave and Mulatto baptism books and
placed in the "white" baptism books... 40 and 50 years
out of sinc -- but at least they got them transferrred!
Only thing was that the priests would write, "on such and
such a date his Excellency so and so ordered the transfer
of this entry to white book number such and such..."
So they, at least, were not buying the Clorox Fix.
I have paper trail back to XVIII, XVII and XVI centuries
in some lines so I can appreciate that I have European,
African and Pardo (Indian-Mixed-with-White) ancestry.
For me that means I am OF all three, that I am
NONE of the three, but rather something different,
something new under the sun - although my scripture
theology profs would kill me if they read that one!
Thanks again, Padre José Antonio Oquendo Pabón, STL