The development of slavery and racism -- an outline
- This link is very informative as well as horrifying ... it is a short
historical outline of racism and racial purity laws in America,
---- with emphasis on "Mulattoes" or Mixed-blood Americans.The development of slavery in America, driven by
cheap labor and the need for "economic gain".
Although I would also argue that the development of slavery
was also a bid for social and political dominance.
This article starts in Britain, with a shortage of indentured servants
lead to seeking servants in Africa -- and that the first Africans
were "free", although treated as inferior to Whites.
Two concepts from which racism develop are also discussed:
that since Africans are not [White] "christians", they are savage and
uncivilized. Also, the color of their skin was associated with "evil".
Soon control and dominance over slaves developed, as did a need
to control the children born of rape between slaves and Whites.
The outline discusses penalties for intermarriage and "committing
fornification" from the 1600's to 1932, blood quantum laws
from 1785-1924 and how Whites began to establish
themselves as a separate and "superior" race.
After society has a fixed notion of racial superiority
that is strengthened by racist genetic "evidence" Jim
Crow laws develop to separate the races; in which
White racial superiority is firmly established.This outline is a good place to start to get an
understanding of the development of slavery and
racism, also a good springboard for research.~ LynnIII. Racial Purity Laws:
Phase One: Legislate against the ACT of interracial marriage.
1662 Any Christian committing fornication with a Negro man or woman:
Penalty: "Double the fines of a former act" (In 1657, ACT XIV was passed
imposing a fine of 500 pounds of tobacco (or whipping) for fornication.
1691 Racial intermarriage between Whites, (bond or
free) with a Negro, Mulatto or Indian (bond or free)
Penalty: Banishment from Virginia forever
1705 Racial intermarriage between White Christian and any of following;
Negro, Mulatto, Indian, Jew, Moor, Mohammedan or other infidel
Penalty: All White (indentured) servants belonging
to the White Christian are to be set free
1705 Racial intermarriage between free White man or woman with a Negro
Penalty: 6 months in prison without bail; fine of 10 pounds to the parish;
ministers performing marriage fined 10,000 pounds of tobacco
1753 Racial intermarriage between a free English or White man or
woman and a Negro or Mulatto man or woman, bond or free
Penalty: 6 months in prison without bail; fine of ten pounds to the parish
1792 Racial intermarriage between free White men and White
women with Negroes or Mulattoes bond or free
Penalty: 6 months in prison; fine of $30.00 for the use of the parish;
ministers who marry Negroes and Whites fined $250.00 per marriage
1818 Leaving the state to avoid certain sections of the marriage law of 1792
Penalty: punishment to be the same as if the offense
were committed in the Commonwealth
[There were three additional laws passed in the 1800s
-- 1848; 1878; 1879-- that have been omitted here].
1932 Any White person intermarrying with a Colored person
or any Colored person intermarrying with a White person
Penalty: felony conviction; confinement in penitentiary from 1 to 5 years