Blanche K. Bruce, one of Mississippi's first Mixed-Race Senators. . .
Blanche K. Bruce,
one of Mississippi 's
first African-American color
(i.e. Mixed-Race) Senators
Blanche K. Bruce
*On this date, Blanche K.
Bruce was born in 1841.
He was an early African-American color
(i.e. Mixed-Race) senator from the state of
Mississippi --- during the Reconstruction era.
Originally from Prince Edward County,
Virginia, after the American Civil
War, Blanche K. Bruce moved to
Mississippi, where in 1869 he
became a supervisor of elections.
By 1870 he was an emerging
figure in state politics.
After serving as sergeant-at-arms in the state
senate, he held the posts of county assessor,
sheriff, and member of the Board of Levee
Commissioners of the Mississippi River.
Through these positions he amassed enough wealth
to purchase a plantation in Floreyville, Mississippi.
In 1874, Mississippi�s Republican-dominated
State legislature elected Bruce, a Republican,
to a seat in the U.S. Senate.
He served from 1875 to 1881, advocating
just treatment for both blacks color and Amerindians and
opposing the policy excluding Chinese immigrants.
He sought improvement of navigation
on the Mississippi and advocated
better relations between the races.
Much of his time and energy he devoted to
fighting fraud and corruption in federal elections.
Bruce lost his political base in Mississippi with the
end of Reconstruction governments in the South.
He remained in Washington when, at the
conclusion of his Senate term, he was
appointed register of the Treasury.
He served in that post from 1881 to
1885 and again from 1895 to 1898.
He was also recorder of deeds in the
District of Columbia (1889-95) and
a trustee of Howard University.
Blanche Bruce died on March
17, 1898 in Washington, D.C.