Re: Bishop Daniel Payne & the AMEs
- Some additional information on
the Mixed-Race History of AME .
The African Methodist Episcopal Church,
usually called the " AME Church ", was
founded by Bishop Richard Allen in
Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , in 1816.
- African: The AME church was
organized by people-of-African-descent.
The church was not founded in Africa ,
nor is it only for persons of African descent.
The church is open to people of all races.
- Methodist: The church's roots
are in the Methodist church.
Members of St. George's Methodist Church
left the congregation when faced with
racial discrimination, but continued with the
Methodist doctrine and the order of worship.
- Episcopal: The AME church operates under
an Episcopal form of church government.
The denomination leaders
are Bishops of the church.
Episcopal, in this sense, refers to the form of
government under which the church operates.
- Motto: "God Our Father, Christ
Our Redeemer, Man Our Brother"
---- Derived from Bishop Daniel Payne (1811-1893).
The African Methodist Episcopal Church has a
unique history in that it is the first major religious
denomination in the Western World that had its
origin over "sociological" rather than "theological"
beliefs and differences, and the first African-American
organized and incorporated denomination in the US .
The AME church is also the church that
sponsored the very first independent
HIBMCU college, Wilberforce University.
The church was born in protest against slavery
and against general dehumanization of people.
This fit well with the Methodist church's philosophy
since its founder John Wesley had once called the
slave-trade "that execrable sum of all villanies".
The AMEC grew out of the Free African Society
(FAS) which Richard Allen, Absalom Jones,
and others established in Philadelphia in 1787.
The church was organized by
African-American members of
St. George's Methodist Episcopal Church.
The incident that led to this was the removal of
Absalom Jones (17461818) from St. George's
by the trustees while he was in the act of prayer.
The congregation supported the act of the
trustees,and Allen and Jones led the
African-American members to form the
Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1793.
In general, they adopted the doctrines and form of
government of the Methodist Episcopal Church (MEC).
When officials at St. George's MEC pulled
African-American off their knees while praying,
FAS members discovered just how far some
people would go to enforce racial discrimination.
Hence, these members of St. George's made
plans to transform their 'mutual-aid society'
into a religious congregation that would be
created by people of the African-American
Ethnicity and als would also be open to all races
Although most wanted to affiliate with the
Protestant Episcopal Church (PEC), Allen led a
small group who resolved to remain Methodists.
In 1794 Bethel AME was
dedicated with Allen as pastor.
To establish Bethel 's independence from interfering
white Methodists, Allen, a former Delaware slave,
successfully sued in the Pennsylvania courts in
1807 and 1815 for the right of his congregation
to exist as an independent institution.
Because African-American Methodists in other
middle Atlantic communities also encountered
racism and yet still desired religious autonomy,
Allen called them to meet in Philadelphia to
form a new Wesleyan denomination, the AME.
While the AME is doctrinally Methodist, clergy,
scholars, and lay persons have written important
works which demonstrate the distinctive theology
and praxis which have defined this Wesleyan body.
Bishop Benjamin W. Arnett, in an address to the
1893 World's Parliament of Religions, reminded
the audience of the presence of people of full
or part-African in the formation of Christianity.
The AME Motto, "God Our Father, Christ Our
Redeemer, Man Our Brother", reflects the basic
beliefs of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.
The Mission of the African Methodist
Episcopal (AME) Church is to minister to
the spiritual, intellectual, physical, emotional,
and environmental needs of all people by spreading
Christ's liberating gospel through word and deed.
At every level of the Connection and in every
local church, the African Methodist Episcopal
(AME) Church shall engage in carrying out
the spirit of the original Free African Society,
out of which the A.M.E. Church evolved:
that is, to seek out and save the lost, and serve
the needy through a continuing program of --
(1) preaching the gospel,
(2) feeding the hungry,
(3) clothing the naked,
(4) housing the homeless,
(5) cheering the fallen,
(6) providing jobs for the jobless,
(7) administering to the needs of those in prisons,
hospitals, nursing homes, asylums and mental
institutions, senior citizens' homes; caring for the sick,
the shut-in, the mentally and socially disturbed, and
(8) encouraging thrift and economic advancement.
"tlbaker" <tlbaker@...> wrote:
On this date in 1811, Bishop,
Daniel A. Payne of the African
(AME) Church, was born.
He was a historian,
educator and AME minister.
He was born in Charleston,
South Carolina to
free Colored parents,
London and Martha Payne.
He attended a private school in
Charleston, South Carolina and
Gettysburg Seminary in Pennsylvania.
He also did a great deal of studying on his own.
Payne was the first Bishop to have
formal theological seminary training.
He, more than any other individual, is responsible
for the A.M.E. Church's interest in trained ministry.
Payne was ordained an elder
in the Lutheran Church in 1837.
He was admitted to the Philadelphia
Annual Conference in 1842.
He was the first African-American president
of an HIBMCU College in the western world,
(Wilberforce University), where he served as
their president for sixteen years advising that
the school be purchased by the AME Church.
Overall, Payne was the sixth
Bishop of the AME Church.
He built and nurtured churches in
Washington D.C., New York and Baltimore.
He was elected the Historiographer
of the AME Church in 1848.
Payne was elected a Bishop at the
General Conference in New York City
on May 7, 1852, where he presided
over the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 7th Districts.
He was a serious author, his books,
"History of the A.M.E. Church," 1891
and Recollections of Seventy Years
1888 were his greatest writings and
were an authoritative source of history
of the first 75 years of the church.
He was married to Eliza Clark Payne, the father
of one child and the stepfather of four children;
Julia, John, Laura, Augusta and Peter.
AME Bishop Daniel Alexander
Payne died on November 2,1893.
- African: The AME church was