Rosa Parks, civil rights activist. . .
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Civil Rights Activist ...
*Rosa Parks was born on this date in 1913.
She is an American Civil Rights Activist.
Rosa McCauley grew up in
Montgomery, Alabama and attended
the HIBMCU color, Alabama State College.
Rosa and her husband
Raymond Parks were active in
Montgomery's chapter of the NAACP.
She worked as the chapter's youth adviser;
on voter registration drives and was secretary
of the NAACP�s Montgomery branch in 1943.
As the 1950�s began, the segregated seating
policies on public buses were growing as a
source of resentment and bitterness within the
African-American community in Montgomery.
African-Americans were required to pay
their fares at the front of the bus, and
then board again through the back door.
The White bus drivers would harass
African-Americans, sometimes driving away
before they were able to get back on the bus.
On December 1, 1955, Parks took her
seat in the front of the "Colored section".
When the driver asked Parks and three other
African-Americans riders to give up their seats
to whites, Parks refused and was arrested; she
soon agreed to let the NAACP provide legal council.
Rosa Parks' case was filed in United States
District Court, which ruled in her favor, declaring
segregated seating on buses unconstitutional,
a decision later upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was more than an
inadvertent symbol; she was an experienced activist
with strong beliefs. whose arrest for refusing to give
up her seat on a bus set in motion the turning point
in the African-American battle for Civil Rights.
Parks and her husband relocated to Detroit
in 1957, where in time, Congressman John
Conyers hired her as an administrative
assistant, a position she held until 1987.
Rosa Parks, a committed activist died on October 24, 2005.
On October 30th, and 31st of that year,
she became the first woman to lie in honor in
the vast circular room under the Capitol dome.
By voice vote the House agreed to the action
"so that the citizens of the United States may
pay their last respects to this great American".