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RE: [Generation-Mixed] Spotlight on: 'Dr. Percy L. Julian'

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  • tlbaker
    This is very true!!! L. _____ From: Generation-Mixed@yahoogroups.com On Behalf Of j s Sent: Saturday, February 03, 2007 5:34 PM To:
    Message 1 of 6 , Feb 3, 2007
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      This is very true!!!

       

      L.

       


      From: Generation-Mixed@yahoogroups.com
      On Behalf Of j s
      Sent: Saturday, February 03, 2007 5:34 PM
      To: Generation-Mixed@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: RE: Spotlight on: 'Dr. Percy L. Julian'

       

      that's why today's excuses by people are obviously not really valid.

       


      tlbaker <tlbaker@...> wrote:



      OMG, I didn't know this:


      He was a bright student, but at that time
      the city provided no public education for
      Colored students after eighth grade.



      It always amazes me how people excelled so in these
      horrible times of discrimination and oppression!


      Lynne

       



    • Yvette
      Another interesting fact is that there is a high school in Chicago named after Julian. j s wrote: that s why today s excuses by
      Message 2 of 6 , Feb 5, 2007
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        Another interesting fact is that there is
        a high school in Chicago named after Julian.

        j s <creolescience@...> wrote:



        that's why today's excuses by
        people are obviously not really valid.


        tlbaker <tlbaker@...> wrote:


        OMG, I didn't know this:

        "He was a bright student, but at that time
        the city provided no public education for
        Colored students after eighth grade."


        It always amazes me how people excelled so in these
        horrible times of discrimination and oppression!

        Lynne

        ---------------------------------


        From: Generation-Mixed@yahoogroups.com
        On Behalf Of multiracialbookclub
        Sent: Saturday, February 03, 2007 11:49 AM
        To: Generation-Mixed@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: Spotlight on: 'Dr. Percy L. Julian'



        Dr. Percy Julian, 1899 – 1975


        Just before the turn of the century, Percy L.
        Julian was born in Montgomery, Alabama.

        He was a bright student, but at that time
        the city provided no public education for
        Colored students after eighth grade.

        He persisted, however, and entered DePauw
        University in Indiana as a "sub-freshman".

        He had to take several classes to get caught up
        on what his public education had not provided.

        Yet in 1920, he graduated first in his
        class with Phi Beta Kappa honors.

        He became a chemistry instructor at Fisk
        University (an HBIMU), but in 1923, received
        an Austin Fellowship in Chemistry and went
        to Harvard to complete his Masters degree.

        Again he took university teaching positions for a
        few years before traveling to Austria to obtain his PhD
        in chemistry from the University of Vienna in 1931.

        He returned to DePauw to continue his research.

        His original interest was investigating plant
        products, especially traditional medicinal
        plants such as the African Calabar Bean.

        In 1935 he first help to synthesize from
        this plant a chemical called Physostigmine,
        or Esserine, which could treat the
        sometimes blinding disease of glaucoma
        by reducing pressure inside the eyeball.

        This brought him international scientific
        acclaim, but still no professorship.

        He left academia to became lab
        director at Glidden Company.

        One day in 1939, a water leak in a tank
        of purified soybean oil created a strange
        byproduct and gave Julian a surprise insight:
        the soy sterol that had been created could
        be used to manufacture male and female
        hormones, progesterone and testosterone.

        Progesterone would prove useful in treating
        certain cancers and problem pregnancies.

        During World War II, Julian developed a foam
        from soy protein that could put out oil and gas
        fires; it was quickly adopted by the military.

        In 1948, the Mayo Clinic announced the discovery
        of a compound that relieved rheumatoid arthritis.

        It was natural cortisone, however, had to be
        extracted from the adrenal glands of oxen
        and it cost hundreds of dollars per drop.

        As a result of natural cortisone being very
        difficult to come by it was also extremely expensive
        -- such that only rich people could afford it.

        In effort to help relieve the suffering of
        those individuals who were not rich,
        --- Dr. Percy got right to work.

        He next set out to provide a synthetic
        version of cortisone, a product which
        greatly relieved the pain of suffered
        by sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis.

        By October 1949, his team had created
        a synthetic cortisone substitute, radically
        less expensive but just as effective.

        Julian's synthetic cortisone was
        only pennies per ounce.

        With Julian's discovery of the soy-based
        substitute, millions of sufferers around the
        world found relief at a reasonable price.

        Juliam continued his success as he next
        developed a way to inexpensively develop
        male and female hormones from soy beans.

        These hormones would help to prevent
        miscarriages in pregnant women and would
        be used to fight cancer and other ailments.

        By making important medical products plentiful
        and less expensive, Julian accelerated the
        research and growth of knowledge about them.

        His techniques and products led directly to
        the development of chemical birth control
        and medicines to suppress the immune system,
        crucial in performing organ transplants.

        Julian held more than 100 chemical patents,
        wrote scores of papers on his work, and received
        dozens of awards and honorary degrees.

        He founded The Julian Laboratories, Inc., with labs
        in the U.S. and Mexico (both purchased by Smith Kline
        French in 1961) and another chemical plant in
        Guatemala (owned by Upjohn Company since 1961).

        So significant was his work that in 1950 the City
        of Chicago named him 'Chicagoan of the Year'.

        In 1951, Julian and his family moved
        to Oak Park, Illinois, becoming the
        first Colored family to live here.

        Soon after purchased a home for his family
        in nearby Oak Park, the home was set afire
        by an arsonist on Thanksgiving day 1950.

        A year later, dynamite was thrown from a
        passing car and exploded outside the
        bedroom window of Julain's children.

        The community, however, largely backed him
        and today celebrates his birthday as a holiday.



        SOURCES:

        http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bmjuli.html

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Julian

        Percy L. Julian holding glasses, n.d.

        Percy L. Julian in laboratory

        Percy L. Julian talking,
        photo of East College
        in background
      • multiracialbookclub
        Dr. Percy Julian, 1899 – 1975 Just before the turn of the century, Percy L. Julian was born in Montgomery, Alabama. He was a bright student, but at that time
        Message 3 of 6 , Aug 4, 2008
        • 0 Attachment



          Dr. Percy Julian, 1899 – 1975

          Just before the turn of the century, Percy L.  
          Julian was born in Montgomery , Alabama .

          He was a bright student, but at that time
          the city provided no public education for
          Colored students after eighth grade.

          He persisted, however, and entered DePauw
          University in Indiana as a "sub-freshman".

          He had to take several classes to get caught up
          on what his public education had not provided.

          Yet in 1920, he graduated first in his
          class with Phi Beta Kappa honors.

          He became a chemistry instructor at
          Fisk
          University (
          an HBIMU), but in 1923, received
          an Austin Fellowship in Chemistry and went
          to Harvard to complete his Masters degree.

          Again he took university teaching positions for a few
          years before traveling to Austria to obtain his PhD in
          chemistry from the University of Vienna in 1931.

          He returned to DePauw to continue his research.

          His original interest was investigating plant
          products, especially traditional medicinal
          plants such as the African Calabar Bean.

          In 1935 he first help to synthesize from
          this plant a chemical called Physostigmine,
          or Esserine, which could treat the
          sometimes blinding disease of
          glaucoma
          by reducing pressure inside the eyeball
          .

          This brought him international scientific
          acclaim, but still no professorship.

          He left academia to became lab
          director at Glidden Company.

          One day in 1939, a water leak in a tank
          of purified soybean oil created a strange
          byproduct and gave Julian a surprise insight:
          the soy sterol that had been created could
          be used to manufacture male and female
          hormones, progesterone and testosterone.

          Progesterone would prove useful in treating
          certain cancers and problem pregnancies.

          During World War II, Julian developed a foam
          from soy protein that could put out oil and gas
          fires; it was quickly adopted by the military.

          In 1948, the Mayo Clinic announced the discovery
          of a compound that relieved rheumatoid arthritis.

          It was natural cortisone, however, had to be
          extracted from the adrenal glands of oxen
          and it cost hundreds of dollars per drop.

          As a result of natural cortisone being very difficult
          to come by it was also extremely expensive
          -- such that only rich people could afford it.

          In effort to help relieve the suffering of
          those individuals who were not rich,
          --- Dr. Percy got right to work.

          He next set out to provide a synthetic
          version of cortisone, a product which
          greatly relieved the pain of suffered
          by sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis.

          By October 1949, his team had created
          a synthetic cortisone substitute, radically
          less expensive but just as effective.

          Julian's synthetic cortisone was
          only pennies per ounce.

          With Julian's discovery of the soy-based
          substitute, millions of sufferers around the
          world found relief at a reasonable price.

          Juliam continued his success as he next
          developed a way to inexpensively develop
          male and female hormones from soy beans.

          These hormones would help to prevent
          miscarriages in pregnant women and would
          be used to fight cancer and other ailments
          .

          By making important medical products plentiful
          and less expensive, Julian accelerated the
          research and growth of knowledge about them.


          His techniques and products led directly to
          the development of chemical birth control
          and medicines to suppress the immune system,
          crucial in performing
          organ transplants.


          Julian held more than 100 chemical patents,
          wrote scores of papers on his work, and received
          dozens of awards and honorary degrees.

          He founded The Julian Laboratories, Inc., with labs in
          the U.S. and Mexico (both purchased by Smith Kline
          French in 1961) and another chemical plant in
          Guatemala (owned by Upjohn Company since 1961).

          So significant was his work that in 1950 the City
          of Chicago named him 'Chicagoan of the Year'.

          In 1951, Julian and his family moved to
          Oak Park ,
          Illinois , becoming the first
          Colored family to live there.

          Soon after purchased a home for his family
          in nearby Oak Park , the home was set afire
          by an arsonist on Thanksgiving day 1950.

          A year later, dynamite was thrown from a
          passing car and exploded outside the
          bedroom window of Julain's children.

          The community, however, largely backed him
          and today celebrates his birthday as a holiday.



          SOURCES:

          http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bmjuli.html  
          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Julian  



                                                                                                                  
          Percy L. Julian holding glasses, n.d.

          Percy L. Julian in laboratory 

          Percy L. Julian talking,
          photo of East College
          in background

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