The HIBMCU Institutions
`Historically Indian, Black, & Mulatto
Colleges and Universities' (HIBMCU)
are those colleges or universities which were
established before 1964 with the intention of
[removing educational barriers from members
of the] African-American [Ethnic grouping].
Before 1864, the African-Americans were almost
always excluded from [access to] higher education
opportunities at the predominantly-White colleges
and universitieswith notable exceptions such
as the integrated Oberlin College in Ohio .
There are more than 100 HIBMCU
(a.k.a. historically-"black") colleges
in the United States -- and they
are located almost exclusively in
the southern and eastern states.
Four HIBMCUs are located in the Midwestern
states (two each in Missouri and Ohio ),
--- while one is in the Virgin Islands .