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3579Re: [Generation-Mixed] Lumbees, Locklears & Tri-Racial Lineage

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  • Clemente Deleon-Catts
    Jan 2, 2008
      I do not know about Ms.LockLear, but you can read
      the story about 'Tri Racial Isolates' in America
      in a Book titled "Almost White" By Brewton Berry

      multiracialbookclub <soaptalk@...> wrote:

      Famous Families
      Southern Families 
      Another family whose name is a giveaway for their
      African heritage is that of Locklear - yes, the same
      one that Heather, the blond bombshell of the
      TV series, "Melrose Place," claims as her own.

      Although as Anglo-Saxon sounding as you can make
      it, the name is, in fact, an Indian one and in the
      language of the Tuscarora tribes means "hold fast."

      Indeed, it would appear that Ms. Locklear's family,
      at least on her father's side, once belonged to a
      segment of the population which in academic
      terminology is referred to as a
      Tri-Racial Isolate
      (a Community of individuals whose Ancestry is a
      Mixture of European, Indian and Black and who
      intermarried only with those people who were also
      of said admixture - i.e. who practiced 'endogamy').

      For much of our history the particular group with
      which her surname is so definitively identified
      has enigmatically been designated as "Lumbee".

      Numbering nearly forty thousand today and
      centering in Robeson Co., North Carolina, the
      Lumbees are the largest of these
      Tri-Racial groups.

      The official ideology of its members today,
      however, is that they are 100 percent Indian.

      A similar group known as the Melungeons originated
      in Tennesee while the Brass Ankle, Red Bone and
      Turk populations all developed in the Carolinas.
      It should be noted that the modern ethnological word
      for such groups - the term "isolates"-  is misleading.

      It reflects the restrictive social conditions
      of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

      Since the "one drop" rule defining [the]
      African Americans 
      would not be 'legally instituted' anywhere in the nation
      until after Reconstruction, this definition does not take
      into account the fact that throughout the seventeen
      and early eighteen
      hundreds free people of Black and
      White ancestry intermarried not only among themselves
      but with families of Indian and White ancestry

      Furthermore, members of Mixed-Race families
      intermarried with the surrounding Whites,
      despite the fact that many states had
      passed laws outlawing such unions.
      Virginia Easley Demarce, a specialist in this area
      of research points out, that one of the major
      contentions of
      Tri-Racial Americans is that they
      were more likely Bi-racial or Indian and White.

      As she point out, "The reason why
      ancestry has been downplayed is clear.

      Throughout most of American history the legal, social,
      educational, and economic disadvantages of being
      African-American were so great that it was preferable
      for a person to be considered almost anything else."

      Few of these groups have a tribal identification
      that can be traced back to the colonial period.

      Over the years, through acculturation and assimilation,
      they have lost whatever Indian languages and
      traditions they might have descended from.

      Many have worked very hard to attain legal recognition
      as Indian tribes over the last few years but some are
      still not recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

      The Indian adoption during the colonial period of
      English surnames such as Blunt, Tucker, Revels and
      Harris only adds to the difficulty of tracing Indian forbears.

      Thanks, however, to the contribution of an anthropologist
      with some linguistic expertise, the Locklears can
      point to their own name as one instance of the
      Lumbee group's Native American origins.
      Researched and Written by Mario de Valdes y Cocom

      http://www.pbs. org/wgbh/ pages/frontline/ shows/secret/ famous/locklear. html

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