2922Re: Anti-Mestizo politics in Brazil
- Jun 5, 2007There are various Black [-only] Movements
in Brazil --- of diverse lines of thought.
The Afro-descendant Movements in Brazil
traditionally liked the Miscegenation,
since the time of the slavery (abolished
in Brazil in 1888 by the Princess Isabel).
In the Black population there
is supporting for it and in
traditional Black [-only] Movements.
The Brazilian culture distinguishes
a 'Mulatto' [person] from a 'Black'
[person] and [also] a 'White' [person].
In Brazil, 'White' is someone
who "looks" like to be a 'White'.
Colin Powell in Brazil would not
be considered a 'Black' [person]
by the absolute majority of the
Brazilians, but a 'Mulatto' [person].
A Caboclo (Native + White) ...
is not seen as an Indian
a Caboclo, although he know to
descend of Aboriginals, he does
not have 'bonds or memory of' the
Native ethnic groups he descends.
Organized groups, various linked
to political parties, however, had
perceived that they could give a
character of ethnic and racial
conflict to the Brazilian chronic
social conflicts generated by poverty,
land and income concentration;
a claim of a population without-land
transformed into claim of a ethnic group
without-land could gain great force.
To divide the Brazilian territory between
"racial" groups started to be seen
as a way for the agrarian reform.
Some ones understood that would be necessary
to join Mestizos', 'Mulattos, Cafuzos and
other Mestizos (Afro-descendants) in the
Black category to "unify" the Movement -
educating these -- to link themselves 'only'
to its African origins and to reject its
bond with the White; the cross-racial
identity, something strong in the
Brazilian culture, became an obstacle
for these groups a motivation for
some of these groups have an aggressive
position against the 'Mestizo' Movement.
In Brazil, the Census Classifies the
Racial / Color groups in five Categories:
White (Branco), Black (Preto), Brown
(Pardo), Yellow (Amarelo) and Indian (Indio).
The Pardos are 'Mestizos' of Intermediate
color between the 'White' and the 'Black' color.
Black [-only] Movements linked to the government
had decided that Negro = Black + Brown
(in Brazil, the Black [-only] Movements
call theirselves Movimentos Negros),
although many of these Browns are a
Cross-Race of Indians and not of Blacks.
This, however, is only one aspect.
Only for help (we dont endorse
necessarily all the article), the
selections of the following text (from
can help to explain other aspects:
Brazil Wants to Ban Mulattos
... and Give Blacks an ID.
They Call This ProgressJaner Cristaldo
A stupidity cloud seems to hover over the
Brazilian National Congress these days.
Not that it would be easy to find any
intelligent cloud over the Congress.
But now there's a high concentration of stupidity and
the whole country is threatened with a stupidity rain.
Two projects, that intend to send Brazil two
centuries back are being discussed in Brasília.
One of them, by senator Paulo Paim, already
approved in the Senate, wants to send Brazil
back to the racist America of the America when
Jim Crow laws were in force or perhaps to the Hitlerist
Germany or even to the South Africa of Apartheid.
To be honest, I have nothing
new to say about the matter.
Since talks about quotas started I have
been denouncing this tactic adopted by
the Black [-only] Movements as something
that will only serve to stimulate racism.
The stupidity keeps moving on
with ever increasing audacity.
While before all we talked about were
quotas, senator Paim's project now
intends to identify Brazilians by
race, as it was in Nazi Germany.
Is the stupidity being repeated?
This chronicler feels compelled to repeat himself.
I have already commented on the Statute
of Racial Equality, when I denounced
recently the extinction of the Mulatto.
With a stroke of a pen, the senator intends to
extirpate from the country's history the most
evident proof of the good racial conviviality.
The expedient is elementary.
As [full] Black [people] comprise a mere 5.4 %
of the to call Black the whole Mulatto contingent,
which represents 39.9% of the population.
Give a little time and Brazil will be
defined as being for the most part-Black.
By the way, this is how the country is already
seen by many Americans and Europeans.
The intention is to adopt the American model,
---- which does not admit Miscegenation.
It's either Black or White.
Some intellectuals, able to escape the herd
spirit that characterizes the species, presented
to the Congress a document with 114 signatures,
with arguments opposing the Statute and
the reserves required by racial quotas.
Right away the document was satanized as the
"White Elite's Manifesto," as if the mean White
men were interested in maintaining the Black
population far away from their territory.
The government, which since then
had been insisting on maintaining the
academic quotas, felt compelled to back out.
Now they are talking about social quotas.
The senator's project still anticipates the creation of
a special ID that will identify 'Black' people racially.
According to the statute, 'Black' [people] will
be required to carry their 'Black' ID card.
It's funny to observe that in past decades
the Black [-only] Movements had arrived at
the conclusion that "race" 'doesn't exist.
Now it does exist and must appear in a document.
Since Whitening is quite generalized in Brazil,
perhaps a better solution would be to create
a tattoo or another very visible accessory,
like Hitler created in Germany
If such monstrosity is approved this country
where miscegenation has always been the rule
will start to officially discriminate by race.
We are walking with large steps
towards a Black [-only] Nazism.
Janer Cristaldo - holds a Ph.D. from University of
Paris, Sorbonne - is an author, translator, lawyer,
phillosopher and journalist and lives in São Paulo.Translated from the Portuguese by Arlindo Silva.
c09981 <c09981@...> escreveu:I never heard about this. What is their supposed rationale?
In Generation-Mixed@ yahoogroups. com,
<nacaomestica@ ...> wrote:
Anti-Mestizo politics in Brazil
The Brazilian culture and people traditionally
recognize Mixed identities, as of the 'Mulatto', the
'Cafuzo' (Native+Black) and the 'Caboclo' (Native+White) .
However, the current leftist Brazilian government
(of the 'Party of the Workers' - 'Partido dos
Trabalhadores' , PT) is undertaking a anti-Mestizo politics.
This politics is specily lead by racial Movements
linked to the party of the president Lula who is
introducing the 'One Drop Rule' in the country.
The 'Movimento Pardo-Mestiço Brasileiro'
('Brazilian Mestizo Movement'), or
'Nação Mestiça' ('Mestizo Nation'),
was organized to defend the right of the
'Mestizos' to be identified as 'Mestizos'
(in Portuguese the word for
'Multiracial/ Ethnic' is 'Mestiço').
The 'Mestizos' has been excluded of
the governmental politics and Mestizo
movement has been suffered persecutions.
We thank the Multi-Ethnic organizations help
us denounce this anti-'Mestizo' politics.
nacaomestica@ nacaomestica. org
<nacaomestica@ nacaomestica. org> wrote:
From http://nacaomestica .org/noticia_ 070601_lovingdec ision.htm
Mestiços dos EUA comemoram legalização do
casamento inter-racial no país1 de junho de 2007
AMEA - Association of MultiEthnic Americans e outras organizações
mestiças dos EUA estão preparando a Loving Decision Conference.
A conferência internacional faz parte das comemorações do 40.º
aniversário da Loving versus Virgínia (1967), a decisão da Suprema
Corte dos EUA que legalizou o casamento inter-racial nos EUA.
Informa a AMEA - Association of MultiEthnic Americans que o evento
visar ser a primeira vez na história dos EUA que estarão reunidos
casais "inter-raciais" , indivíduos "multi-raciais/é tnicos" e
adotados "trans-raciais" , além de políticos, educadores/estudant es,
celebridades, e organizações ativistas representativas de
todas as comunidades para tratar sobre a mestiçagem nos EUA.
O Movimento Pardo-Mestiço Brasileiro foi convidado.
A Loving Decision Conference 2007: The Next 40 Years of Multiracial
Communities ocorrerá em Chicago, Illinois, de 21 a 24 de junho.
Eventos comemorativos também ocorrerão em Nova Iorque, Portland,
Berkeley, Los Angeles, Seattle e outras cidades.
Página Inicial Nosso Fórum /
Nuestro Foro / Our Forum Hemeroteca.
As páginas de divulgação de artigos e materiais e textos
jornalísticos, já publicadas por outras instituições, que
abordam temas e fatos relacionados a assuntos étnicos e
raciais e o conteúdo e as opiniões neles expostos são de
responsabilidade de seus autores, não necessariamente expressando
no todo ou em parte opiniões ou posicionamentos do Nação Mestiça.
Textos assinados são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores.
DENUNCIE A POLÍTICA DO GOVERNO BRASILEIRO CONTRA MESTIÇOS
DENUNCIE LA POLÍTICA DEL GOBIERNO BRASILEÑO CONTRA MESTIZOS
DENOUNCE THE POLICY OF THE BRAZILIAN GOVERNMENT AGAINST MESTIZOS
Movimento Pardo-Mestiço Brasileiro
Todos os direitos reservados
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