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1525Mixed-Race Civil-Rights Activist: 'Julian Bond'

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  • multiracialbookclub
    Oct 28, 2006
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      Julian Bond


      Horace Julian Bond
      was born in
      Nashville, Tennessee, in January 1940.

      His father, Dr. Horace Mann Bond, was the first president
      of Fort Valley State College, and in 1945 became the
      first "
      black" president of the country's oldest "black"
      private college, Pennsylvania 's Lincoln University .

      The Bond family lived at Lincoln until 1957,
      when Dr. Bond became dean of the School
      of Education at Atlanta University .

      His mother, Julia Washington Bond, retired in
      her 90s after working for decades as a librarian.

      Julian Bond graduated from the George
      School
      , a coeducational Quaker school in Bucks
      County , Pennsylvania , in 1957, and entered
      Morehouse
      College in Atlanta that same year.

      While still a student, Bond was a founder of the
      Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR),
      a student Civil Rights organization ----
      that helped win integration of Atlanta 's
      movie theaters, lunch counters, and parks.

      Bond was also one of several hundred students from
      across the South who helped to form the Student
      Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

      He later became SNCC's communications director,
      responsible for its printing and publicity departments
      and editing the SNCC newsletter, The Student Voice.

      Bond also worked in voter registration
      drives in the rural South.

      Bond left Morehouse one semester short of
      graduation in 1961 to join the staff of a new
      protest newspaper, The Atlanta Inquirer.

      He later became the paper's managing editor.

      Hear Julian Bond talk about the formation of SNCC

      Bond returned to Morehouse in 1971
      and graduated with a B.A. in English.

      Turning his attentions to the political sphere,
      Bond was first elected in 1965 to a one year
      term in the Georgia House of Representatives.

      Members of the House voted not to seat him because
      of his outspoken opposition to the war in Vietnam .

      Bond was elected two more times before the Supreme
      Court ruled unanimously that the Georgia House
      had violated Bond's rights in refusing him his seat.

      During his service in the Georgia General Assembly, Bond
      was sponsor or co sponsor of more than 60 bills that
      became law, and he organized the Georgia Legislative
      Black Caucus, then the largest such group in the nation.

      He was elected to the Georgia Senate in 1974.

      When he left the state senate in January 1987, Bond had
      been elected to public office more times than any other
      "
      black" Georgian, living or dead, ending his tenure only
      when an unsuccessful congressional race in 1986
      prevented him from seeking re election to the Senate.

      In 1968, Bond was co chairman of the Georgia Loyal
      National Delegation to the Democratic Convention.

      The Loyalists, an insurgent group, were successful
      in unseating the hand picked regulars.

      Bond was nominated for Vice President of the
      United
      States , the first "
      black" person to be so nominated
      by a major political party, though he withdrew
      his name because he was too young to serve.

      Bond also has a long history with the Southern
      Poverty Law Center and when Morris Dees and
      Joseph J. Levin, Jr. founded the organization
      in 1971, Bond became its first president.

      He served as president emeritus for years,
      and today serves on its board of directors.

      Bond also narrated two of the Center's videos, the
      Academy Award-winning "A Time for Justice" and
      "The Shadow of Hate," which was nominated for an Oscar.

      Bond holds numerous honorary degrees and has served on
      the boards of many organizations working for social change.

      He is currently a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the
      American
      University in Washington , D.C. , and a professor
      in the history department at the University of Virginia .

      In 1995, Bond was elected to his fourth term on the
      National Board of the 'National Association for the
      Advancement of "
      Colored" People' (NAACP) , the
      nation's oldest and largest Civil Rights organization.

      Bond has served as chairman of the
      NAACP since his election in February 1998.

      A collection of Bond's essays has been published
      under the title 'A Time To Speak, A Time To Act'.

      His poems and articles have appeared in 'The New
      York
      Times'
      , 'American Negro Poetry', the 'Los Angeles

      Times', and several other national publications.

      http://www.splcenter.org/center/history/bond.jsp 
      http://www.ibiblio.org/sncc/bond.html