1525Mixed-Race Civil-Rights Activist: 'Julian Bond'
- Oct 28, 2006
Horace Julian Bond was born in
Nashville, Tennessee, in January 1940.
His father, Dr. Horace Mann Bond, was the first president
of Fort Valley State College, and in 1945 became the
first "black" president of the country's oldest "black"
private college, Pennsylvania 's Lincoln University .
The Bond family lived at Lincoln until 1957,
when Dr. Bond became dean of the School
of Education at Atlanta University .
His mother, Julia Washington Bond, retired in
her 90s after working for decades as a librarian.
Julian Bond graduated from the George
School, a coeducational Quaker school in Bucks
County , Pennsylvania , in 1957, and entered
Morehouse College in Atlanta that same year.
While still a student, Bond was a founder of the
Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR),
a student Civil Rights organization ----
that helped win integration of Atlanta 's
movie theaters, lunch counters, and parks.
Bond was also one of several hundred students from
across the South who helped to form the Student
Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
He later became SNCC's communications director,
responsible for its printing and publicity departments
and editing the SNCC newsletter, The Student Voice.
Bond also worked in voter registration
drives in the rural South.
Bond left Morehouse one semester short of
graduation in 1961 to join the staff of a new
protest newspaper, The Atlanta Inquirer.
He later became the paper's managing editor.
Bond returned to Morehouse in 1971
and graduated with a B.A. in English.
Turning his attentions to the political sphere,
Bond was first elected in 1965 to a one year
term in the Georgia House of Representatives.
Members of the House voted not to seat him because
of his outspoken opposition to the war in Vietnam .
Bond was elected two more times before the Supreme
Court ruled unanimously that the Georgia House
had violated Bond's rights in refusing him his seat.
During his service in the Georgia General Assembly, Bond
was sponsor or co sponsor of more than 60 bills that
became law, and he organized the Georgia Legislative
Black Caucus, then the largest such group in the nation.
He was elected to the Georgia Senate in 1974.
When he left the state senate in January 1987, Bond had
been elected to public office more times than any other
"black" Georgian, living or dead, ending his tenure only
when an unsuccessful congressional race in 1986
prevented him from seeking re election to the Senate.
In 1968, Bond was co chairman of the Georgia Loyal
National Delegation to the Democratic Convention.
The Loyalists, an insurgent group, were successful
in unseating the hand picked regulars.
Bond was nominated for Vice President of the United
States , the first "black" person to be so nominated
by a major political party, though he withdrew
his name because he was too young to serve.
Bond also has a long history with the Southern
Poverty Law Center and when Morris Dees and
Joseph J. Levin, Jr. founded the organization
in 1971, Bond became its first president.
He served as president emeritus for years,
and today serves on its board of directors.
Bond also narrated two of the Center's videos, the
Academy Award-winning "A Time for Justice" and
"The Shadow of Hate," which was nominated for an Oscar.
Bond holds numerous honorary degrees and has served on
the boards of many organizations working for social change.
He is currently a Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the
American University in Washington , D.C. , and a professor
in the history department at the University of Virginia .
In 1995, Bond was elected to his fourth term on the
National Board of the 'National Association for the
Advancement of "Colored" People' (NAACP) , the
nation's oldest and largest Civil Rights organization.
Bond has served as chairman of the
NAACP since his election in February 1998.
A collection of Bond's essays has been published
under the title 'A Time To Speak, A Time To Act'.
His poems and articles have appeared in 'The New York
Times', 'American Negro Poetry', the 'Los Angeles
Times', and several other national publications.