1034Re: The Mixed-Race Lineage of the 'African-Americans'
- May 3, 2006
"Peter Barrett" <barac1998@...> inquired:
Can someone also tell me where the 70% of admixture for AA was found?
If anyone has more information on this it would be appreciated.
Note: Said inquiry was made in regards to the post found at the following link:
That's a really excellent good question and hopefully, the
following information may be of help in answering it .
Some of the sources can be found listed within the following link:
Other sources are also found in various other postings at this group.
In addition, there are many other sources that also note said figure
(both online and in print) ... some of these include the following:
"With some figures showing 70% of African
Americans fitting into a multiracial category,"
"Seventy to eighty percent of so-called
"blacks" are of mixed racial heritage."
"Most writers on the subject of American black-white
miscegenation, for instance, estimate that seventy to
ninety percent of African Americans have white ancestry"
"Seventy percent of African Americans are
mixed with mostly Scottish Irish and Native
American, yet defined as "black".
Hispanics, like "blacks", have an equal
amount of race mixing in their ethnic group."
Here is an very interesting observation made regarding
the historical creation of the largely `Multi'-Racial /
Mixed-Race African-American Ethnic group --
"During slavery there were, of course, frequent
mixed race births, many resulting from the rape of
enslaved "black" women by white slave owners.
Between 1850 and 1860, the "Mulatto" [i.e. Mixed-Race]
slave population increased by 67 percent; in contrast, the
'Black' slave population increased by only 20 percent.
At about this time, the notion of "Hypodescent",
or The "One-Drop Rule," became prevalent.
This is the idea that someone with even
one distant African ancestor is black ...
The 1890 census added further distinctions and had
categories for White, Black, Mulatto, Quadroon,
Octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, and Indian.
By 1910 the Census Bureau had eliminated the terms
mulatto, quadroon, and octoroon three-quarters of
all "blacks" in the United States were racially mixed
Anyone [listed] as African American
would henceforth be counted as "black"."
Source: `Race and Mixed Race `by Naomi Zack
(Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993)
Also -- here is an interesting observation someone made:
"Joshua R. Goldstein and Ann J. Morning, of
the Office of Population Research, Princeton
University, February 29, 2000, wrote for the
Russell Sage Foundation a paper investigating
the ramifications of multiple-"race" responses
on the then-pending 2000 census.
The paper entitled, "The multiple-race population of
the United States : Issues and estimates," appeared in
the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
These researchers clearly stumbled
on some interesting observations:
Classifying those indicating more "races" than one
puts Government in a seven-way bind, either ...
opening a way out for potentially seventy percent of
African Americans to [leave] "their" Black race...
The researchers above further noticed that
... census "race" data collection is
[both] politicized and arbitrary..."
and the entire paper, a 96K byte PDF file, can be found at
In addition, listed below is a perfect example of
how statistics regarding the `African-Americans'
are almost always completely false and erroneous.
In this article the writer openly makes the mistake of
perceiving the Afro-Latino `Cultural' grouping AND the
African-American `Ethnic' as being one and the same
people grouping then wrongfully combines the statistics
of these two separate groups and then falsely presents them
as if they are statistics about the African-Americans.
Here is an example of one of the many erroneous
`statistics' that can be found within this article:
"In 1997, however, 55 percent of African Americans
(including black Hispanics) lived in the South."
As stated numerous times -- a person cannot be a part of the 'African-American'
(AA) Ethnic grouping simply because they are a citizen or resident of the United
States of America and also happen to be of some-part Black admixture.
The AAs are a very specific and unique largely 'Multi'-Racial / Mixed-Race
'Ethnic' grouping of people -- and groups such as Afro-Latinos; West Indians;
African, etc. -- should not be enumerated as part of the so-called "statistics"
regarding the AAs -- yet -- due to manipulation by the media and various
political and government bureaucratic group -- every person in America who
is of any-part Black ancestry is often falsely listed as also being an AA.
This false categorization and enumeration has created a tremendous
and unfair burden for those people who truly are of the AA Ethnicity.
It should also be noticed in the chart contained in that
same article that -- while `White', `Asian' and "American
Indian" (again, another misnomer) have all been given the
decency and dignity of being listed under separate "Racial"
groups and the term "Hispanic" has been listed under
a separate `Cultural' group only one (1) group -- the
African-American `Ethnic', of course has (yet, again)
been forced to falsely `carry the statistics' for everyone
in the United States of every person in the United States
who is "of some part-Black ancestry" (no matter the
true `Ethnic', `Cultural' or even `Racial' grouping)
Actions such as found in this article are (once again)
one of the very main reasons that the average so-called
"statistic" (and even many of the various "definitions"
. such as the extremely erroneous "definition" found
at the online "encyclopedia" known as `Wikipedia')
which are alleged to be about the `African-Americans'
are almost always generally `false', `inaccurate' and
`negative' and simply cannot be relied upon for the true
state of affairs for this very diverse Ethnic grouping.
As stated previously -- when just "any American (citizen or resident)
of African descent" is erroneously listed as being an AA, however,
naturally the "statistics" (ranging from --- educational grades,
diplomas and degrees; to data on welfare rolls, recipients and
amounts; to employment ratings; to socio-political-economic status
and opinions; to family structure and environment; to crime, to STD
/ HIV/ AIDS and so on) which falsely claim to be in regards to the
AA Ethnicity are then going to erroneously show "negative" results.
Two excellent books on this subject are "Black Robes,
White Justice" (written by FGM-Mixed New York
Supreme Court Justice, Bruce Wright) and also
"Don't Believe the Hype: Fighting Cultural
Misinformation about African-Americans" (written
by FGM-Mixed, Reporter / Researcher, Ferai Chideya).
Hope this information is of some help in getting you
off to a fairly good start on your research in this area.
Have a great day.
- << Previous post in topic Next post in topic >>