Religious persecution (of Orthodoxy) in Galicia
- Russia's Count Bobrinsky:
Counts Bobrinsky or Bobrinskoy (Бобринские) are a Russian noble family descending from Catherine the Great's natural son by Count Grigory Orlov - Aleksey Grigorievich Bobrinsky (1762–1813).
The eldest great-grandson of Count Aleksey Alekseyevich was Count Aleksei Aleksandrovich Bobrinsky (1852–1927), who led the Council of United Nobility starting in 1906 and represented the nobility of the St Petersburg guberniya in the Senate and the 3rd State Duma. He was appointed into the State Council of Imperial Russia in 1912. During World War I, Bobrinskoy was elected Chairman of the Russian-English Bank. In 1916, he was appointed Deputy Minister of Interior and Minister of Agriculture. The October Revolution forced him to emigrate to France, where he actively campaigned for the monarchist cause.
Count Vladimir Alekseyevich Bobrinsky (1868–1927) was the third son of Count Aleksey Pavlovich. He represented Russian nationalists in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th State Dumas, advocating speedy Russification of border regions and supporting Pyotr Stolypin's reforms. Like most of the Bobrinskys, he emigrated to France following the revolutionary nationalization of their family enterprises.
----- Original Message -----
To: firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
Sent: Saturday, July 06, 2013 8:48 PM
Subject: [GaliciaPoland-Ukraine] Re: [rusyns] Religious persecution in Galicia
In the Times of April lOth there appeared a letter under the above heading from a member of the Russian Imperial Duma, Count Bobrinsky, in which a state of things was described which it seemed, to say the least, difficult to reconcile with those principles of absolute freedom of conscience which are incorporated in the formularies of the Austrian Constitution of 1867. In the course of a few days, two replies appeared from natives of Galicia, in each of which "every line" and "all details" of Count Bobrinsky's letter were declared to be "false" and "contrary to truth."
It was quite evident to anyone in the least conversant with contemporary Galician local politics that the writers of these letters, Prince Paul Sapieha, a Polish landowner, and Mr. Stepankowsky, a Ruthenian, belonged respectively to the Polish and Ukrainophil parties. These parties are divided from one another on many fundamental questions; for while each of them would like to set up, at the expense of Austria and Russia, an independent state reaching from the Carpathians to the Caucasus, the Ukrainophil party are not as anxious as the Polish party think that they ought to be that it should take the shape of a restoration of the old Polish Republic, with East Galicia, Volhynia and the other Little Russian portions of it dominated over, as large portions of them were of old, by a selfish and irresponsible Polish nobility. But they are always to be irresponsible Polish nobility. But they are always to be found united when any matter, secular or religious, arises in which their common hatred of Russia and all things Russian can find expression. As these two writers, as well as Count Bobrinsky, each of them expressed a wish in the Times that some Englishman should go to Galicia, and, by investigating the matter on the spot, should judge between them for the benefit of the British public. I took upon myself to do so, and accordingly spent the first part of a two months' journey in the East of Europe, from which I have just returned, amongst the cities and villages of Galicia.
The result of my investigation was that I found out that what
Count Bobrinsky had written to the Times was the truth indeed,
but not the half of it.
Note: Sapieha was a Polish Roman Catholic and Stepankowsky was a Ruthenian Uniate (Greek Catholic).
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