March 1st - National Day of Remembrance for the Cursed/Outcast Anti-Communist Soldiers - Last Soldiers of II RP
- The last soldiers of the Second Republic - Outcast Soldiers. Tribute to the fallen (murdered) anti-communist underground soldiers.
Soldiers' National Memorial Day is to be accursed tribute to the soldiers on the other conspiracy for the witness of courage, steadfast and patriotic attachment to the traditions of independence, for the blood shed in defense of the Motherland
The struggle for memory and honor
Much time elapsed before February 4, 2011, the Sejm passed an act establishing the 1 March National Day of Remembrance for Soldiers accursed.
Environment veterans, many patriotic organizations, scientific associations, friends and families of those who fell in battle, were killed in communist prisons, or simply have gone to the eternal guard, for years to knock the doors of many demands, to free Poland finally gave tribute its best sons. For years the answer was silence.
In the second half of the first decade of the twenty-first century began to meet expectations. Appeals environments veterans began to gain more and more support. Janusz Kurtyka, President of the IPN from the end of 2005, gave strong impetus to these efforts and acceleration.
Among other things, 19 November 2008 during a meeting at the Institute of History at the University of Wroclaw, Opole involving Vice President Arkadiusz Karbowiak and Opole Voivode proxy for veterans and people victimized by Bogdan Bochenski, it was decided to organize a 1 m arca 2009 in Opole Soldier's Day anti-communist. In a letter to President Richard Zembaczyńskiego Opole Kurtyka president wrote that the ceremony to pay tribute to members of the armed independence organization, fighting after World War II with the organs of the communist state should enter into a permanent state ceremonies to the calendar.
February 28, 2009 at the initiative of President George Szmid Kurtyka and the General Assembly and the Association of NZS 1980 supported the resolution was taken the initiative of the World Union Army, the establishment on 1 March on Soldiers accursed.
Date of March 1 is not accidental. On this day in 1951 in Communists prison Mokotow shot in the back of the head killed the leaders of the Association of Management IV, Freedom and Independence - Luke Cieplińskiego Avenue and his companions fight. They formed the last leadership last nationwide conspiracy from 1945 continuing the work of the Home Army.
Polish occupation by the Red Army and the inclusion of half its territory to the USSR meant that tens of thousands of troops has not made weapons. They were ready to fight for the restoration of independence, complete the oath.
Post-war independence was a conspiracy - until the birth of Solidarity - the largest form of organized resistance against Polish society imposed authority. In most active armed underground, 1945, to work directly in the 150-200 one thousand conspirators, grouped in the branches of a very different orientation. Twenty thousand of them fought in partisan units. Another several hundred thousand people were partisans ensuring food supply, intelligence, shelter and communications. Still need to add about twenty thousand students from the underground youth organizations opposed to the Communists. In total, this gives the group more than half a million people make up a community accursed soldiers. The last "forest" soldier ZWZ-AK, and later WiN - Joseph Franczak "dude" was killed in combat in October 1963.
In less than two months before he died in the crash of Smolensk president said Janusz Kurtyka as "Republic" about the motives of his involvement in the IEP and the memory of the soldiers to restore anti-communist underground: The tradition of independence we consider to be one of the most important elements en identity of our country. Besides military action and anti-communist activities in the name of independence after World War II work in the social world to a degree insufficient ness, and often in a distorted, which is the result of a consistent policy of communist authorities. The Communists did everything to zohydzić independent Polish soldiers and their struggle ... It is obvious that as we cultivate pam IEC about the Polish Underground State, so we should also remember the deeds of soldiers conspiracy and anti-communist. Because it was a struggle for independence.
Strongly support the idea of Memorial Day gave President Lech Kaczynski. He finally came in February last year to the Parliament a draft law on the matter.
Soldiers' National Memorial Day is to be accursed tribute to the soldiers on the other conspiracy for the witness of courage, steadfast and patriotic attachment to the traditions of independence, for the blood shed in defense of the Fatherland - sound justification for the project.
Adoption of the National Day of Remembrance is a form of accursed Soldiers celebrate their struggle and sacrifice, but also pain and suffering, which suffered through all the years of communist and silence after 1989.
The Act establishing the National Day of Remembrance accursed Soldiers
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