10592Re: Surnames Krudzo / Kukurudzo
- Aug 1, 2006Hello Fred, and John Z.,
Great English-Polish dictionary has that maize is kukurydza and
that corn has several entries: zboz~e, (w Anglii) pszenica, (w
Ameryce Pln) kukurydza, (w Szkocji i Irlandi) owies.
Sweet-corn is sl~odka kukurydza.
I need to take a break.....it's 105 degrees now in the DC area.
My brain is melting.
--- In Galicia_Poland-Ukraine@yahoogroups.com, "wfhoffman"
> Lavrentiy wrote:
> > kukurudz is the cone of a coniferous tree.
> > kukurudza is maize/corn/Indian corn/wheat.
> > I'm not sure which word the surname Kukurudza is based on. Fred,
> > can you help? Was corn present in eastern Europe for a surname to
> > be based on corn?
> Prof. Rymut's book on Polish surnames says the surname KUKURYDZA
> the noun _kukurydza_, also seen as _kukurudza_ and _kukuruza_, "acereal
> plant of the grass family." As for the identity of this plant,Aleksander
> Brueckner's _Slownik etymologivzny jezyka polskiego_ [Etymologicalplant,
> dictionary of the Polish language] says _kukurudza_ is "an American
> cultivated early on in the East, especially in the countries on theDanube;
> the name (which is repeated in Hungarian, Romanian, Turkish) maycome from
> the dialect of the Southern Slavs and can perhaps be compared withsimilar
> words of ours, such as _kokorycz_ [coridalis], _kokornak_[birthwort], for
> hairy plants."translation for
> By the way I'm sure "hairy plants" isn't quite the right
> _rosliny uwlosione_, but I don't know what the technical term isfor the
> fine, hairlike fibers of corn. We call them "silk," but translating_rosliny
> uwlosione_ as "silky plants" doesn't seem like an improvement! Inany case,
> the reference is to plants that feature fine hairlike fibers, suchas corn
> silk.of them,
> I'm no expert on plants; early on I learned I was allergic to most
> so I avoid contact with them, except in salads. But apparentlymaize or
> corn -- what Americans call corn, not the British usage, whichincludes
> various cereal grains such as wheat and oats -- was brought toEurope from
> the Americas fairly early on, and was grown in eastern andsoutheastern
> Europe. I know it can be dicey relying on Wikipedia entries, butlate 15th
> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize says corn came to Europe in the
> and early 16th centuries. Surnames were being established in Polandall the
> way up to the 18th and even 19th centuries, so it's certainlyplausible the
> name KUKURYDZA could have referred to "the corn guy." Maybe he grewit,
> maybe he sold it, maybe he loved to eat it -- but it seems clearthe
> reference is to what Americans call corn.
> That's the best info I could find, anyway.
> Fred Hoffman
> Author, _Polish Surnames: Origins & Meanings_
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