Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

One in ten veterans in New York City area infected with HCV

Expand Messages
  • claudine intexas
    NATAP - www.natap.org One in ten veterans in New York City area infected with HCV NEW YORK (Reuters Health, 9/18/02) - The prevalence of hepatitis C virus
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 19, 2002
      NATAP - www.natap.org

      One in ten veterans in New York City area infected with HCV

      NEW YORK (Reuters Health, 9/18/02) - The prevalence of hepatitis C
      virus (HCV) infection among military veterans in the New York City
      metropolitan area is 10.6%, much higher than the 1.8% rate reported
      in the general US population, according to a recent report.

      Moreover, nearly one-quarter of HCV-infected veterans studied were
      also infected with HIV, study author Dr. Norbert Brau, from the Bronx
      VA Medical Center in New York, and colleagues note.

      In the current study, the researchers assessed the prevalence of HCV
      infection among 1,098 New York City area veterans who underwent
      phlebotomy for any reason on one day in 1999. Of these patients,
      1,016 completed a questionnaire regarding their demographic
      background and HCV risk factors.

      All blood samples that tested positive for anti-HCV antibodies were
      confirmed by further RNA tests and also assayed for HCV viral load,
      HCV genotype, and anti-HIV antibodies.

      The rates of HCV infection and viremia were 10.6% and 8.2%,
      respectively. Nearly 78% of HCV-infected patients had HCV viremia,
      the authors note. By far, the most common HCV genotype associated
      with viremia was type 1, identified in 87.5% of viremic patients.

      The greatest risk factor for HCV infection was injection drug use.
      Injection drug users were 35.6 times more likely to be infected with
      HCV than nonusers. Other risk factors for infection included exposure
      to blood during combat, alcohol abuse, and service during the Vietnam
      War.

      Nearly 25% of anti-HCV-positive patients were also infected with HIV,
      the authors note in the August issue of The American Journal of
      Gastroenterology. On multivariate analysis, the only risk factor
      independently associated with HIV coinfection was age less than 50
      years.

      The findings indicate that HCV infection is relatively common among
      New York City area veterans and that treatment will be challenging
      because most are infected with genotype 1, which is less responsive
      to therapy than other types, the authors write. Veterans with any of
      the risk factors identified should be offered HCV testing, the
      researchers emphasize.

      Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97:2071-2078.

      __________________________________________________
      Do you Yahoo!?
      New DSL Internet Access from SBC & Yahoo!
      http://sbc.yahoo.com
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.