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344Fwd: Happy 200th Birthday, Giuseppe Garibaldi!

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  • marie saccoccio
    Jul 3, 2007
      I get these email/newsletters sporadicaly and find them helpful and interesting.  As you can see, the connection with France among many Italians predates the emigration to Marseille.  There is another significant player in the Italian Unification who was a friend and cohort to Garibaldi; I recall his name to be Mazzini (I think) and he was in Marseille for the most part. 
      Clcik on the link below within the article to view the list of 1 Mille.  The names in Garibaldi's army seem to be from Northern Italy.   
      My Italian Family <ask@...> wrote:
      Date: Tue, 3 Jul 2007 09:05:00 -0400 (EDT)
      From: My Italian Family <ask@...>
      To: saccocciom@...
      Subject: Happy 200th Birthday, Giuseppe Garibaldi!

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      Happy 200th Birthday, Giuseppe Garibaldi!
      My Italian Family
      Dear Marie Saccoccio,
      In honor of the birth of Giuseppe Garibaldi, here is a short story of his life; we hope you will enjoy it.
      Giuseppe Garibaldi, revered as one of the founders of the modern Italian state, was born in Nice 200 years ago on July 4, 1807.
      Second of five children, he had three brothers who became either sailors or merchants (Angelo, the elder brother, sailor then merchant in New York, ended his career as consul of Piedmont - Sardinia in Philadelphia). His father Domenico, owner of a coastal navigation ship, belonging to an old family of Nice, and qualified as merchant in Giuseppe's birth certificate, would have wanted Giuseppe to become a lawyer or a doctor. His mother Rosa Raimondo, a Piedmontese from Loano, fervent Christian, would have wished him to become a priest instead. His parents had been able to acquire enough wealth to give their children a good education; they recruited only for Giuseppe three private tutors, two priests and a layman.
      Giuseppe Garibaldi did not follow his mother’s wishes and became a sailor, a merchant captain and an officer in the Piedmont-Sardinia Navy. In 1835 he fled to France after participating in an unsuccessful mutiny (the mutiny of Genova) fomented in part to spark a republican revolution in Piedmont Sardinia. By 1836 Garibaldi was living in South America, where he gained fame as a revolutionary mercenary fighting in Brazil and Uruguay.
      In 1848 Garibaldi returned to Italy with his band of "redshirts". Together they joined the Risorgimento a movement to unify the disparate Italian states by wresting Italian territory from foreign powers. A powerful defense of Rome against the French army in 1849 and an heroic escape from Austrian forces further increased Garibaldi’s fame, but he found himself in exile again in Tangeri, New York and Peru’ after his republican sympathies did not endear him to the monarch of the Italian states.
      Garibaldi returned to Italy in 1854 entering the service of Piedmont-Sardinia and a few years later he won the Austrians driving them out of Northern Italy. In 1860 he gathered about a thousand volunteers (called I Mille, click here for a complete list)
       in two ships and landed in Sicily where he was able to defeat the Bourbon-French army and capture both Naples and Sicily in hope of uniting the entire country under the king of Piedmont-Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel II. The kingdom of Italy was proclaimed in 1861.
      Garibaldi’s continued popularity and success as a military commander inspired Victor Emmanuel II to turn to him for assistance. He headed two private expeditions against papal Rome and led an Italian army against the Austrians to acquire Venice as part of the Italian Kingdom. After 1871 Garibaldi, crippled by rheumatisms and old injuries retired. He died on June 2, 1882 at the age of 75 in the island of Caprera.
      Learning about our origins can be an important legacy to our children, after all memories are not used to remember the lost time, but to start again, knowing that losing our roots inevitably leads to a loss in our identity as people who live, think and love.
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