331Re: [FraDiavolo] Re: Itri - Marseilles Connection?
- Jun 29, 2007Speculation on the splitting up of families:The immigration quota theory seems to make sense, but I have also read that the Italian gov't really didn't resist emigration. They had an over-population problem anyway, and the repatriation of money from immigrants living abroad back to Italy in the early 1900s actually equaled about 5-10% of total Italian GDP in that period. Of course, emigration restrictions could have been enforced selectively, and that would make sense for southern Italy where the emigration was greatest and the situation the most chaotic.As I mentioned in my previous post, many families were the equivalent of sharecroppers.They both lived and worked on land owned by landlords. Perhaps the wives and children needed to be settled in their new locations while the men needed to go back to fulfill crop or other commitments to their landlords before departing themselves.Another possibility is potential military commitments. I don't know what the laws were in Italy back then, but probably since the beginning of time males had been conscripted for military service. As everyone knows, Europe was home to chronic warfare for virtually its entire history, and that era was no exception. Maybe some military draft law prevented men from leaving as easily as women and children.Rick
Linda Peloquin <miyukichan0987@...> wrote:Rick,
I think you might have been refering to my post when you started this thread. I, too, was puzzled as to why a poor family, and lets face it, our Itrani ancestors were way on the opposite end of the wealth spectum from the likes of Vanderbuilts and Astors, would go to the expense of sending part of the family to Marseilles and paying for them to live there for awhile before rejoining each other and continuing on to America.
Initially, given that my Grandmother gave birth to my Aunt Caroline in Marseilles, I had though that perhaps complications with the pregancy had led to her and my toddler Aunt Angelina getting off a boat and staying in France while my Grandfather went back to Itri to earn additional funds. I've been poking around trying to answer my original question since.
Now, I don't know for certain if this is the correct answer, but it does seem to make sense. I was told by an Italian instructor at some informal evening classes I've attended that after the reunifcation which, economically, was great for the North but not so for the South, there was a large migration of population from the agriculturally based South to primarily the US. I think we would all agree to that being accurate.
But, the Italian government, not liking the loss of population, imposed a quota on the number of people who could leave which was what percipitated the family splits with some members of the family making the temporary stop over in Marseilles that so many of us have observed.
I haven't been able to find out much more than that so far but it did seem that there was an Italian district in Marseilles which would be consistant with the whole migration by stages to beat the quota theory. Maybe someone else with a better nose for history than I will be able to turn up some definative information on a quota and/or the history of the city of Marseilles in the late 19th early - 20th cent.
rickj100001 <rickj100001@ yahoo.com> wrote:Great points - all of them. Maybe I am reading too much into all of
But my great-grandmother had 2 children after moving to Marseilles
from Itri, so she wasn't there just to catch the boat.
So it still makes me wonder why this happened at this particular
time and why so many families moved at the same time. It just seems
unusual because it had not happened previously to the extent that it
Just another needle in a haystack of needles.
--- In FraDiavolo@yahoogro ups.com, marie saccoccio <saccocciom@ ...>
> 1) Poverty and the myth that America's streets were paved with
gold. Perhaps the unification of Italy was also a precipitating
factor though. Hard to ignore that.
> 2) Far fewer French were immigrating so I assume not much of a
wait list. Also, some of the immigrants actually worked on the
ships so essentially got a free passage. Perhaps that was easier to
get from Marseille.
> 3) Such a demand from Naples since that location was the closest
for Southern Italians. Genoa was also an important port of
departure, as was Palermo. But I have seen reported that Marseille
was the 3rd busiest of the bunch for immigration. Naples, the
> rickj100001 <rickj100001@ ...> wrote:
> I wonder if the reason fewer people were sailing from Marseilles
> than Naples isn't part of the answer.
> It just seems to me that such a protracted separation between
> husbands and wives and children must have been driven by something
> more profound than easy access to boats to America. Jason made the
> point that maybe it had to do with the availability of jobs.
> Maybe these really are the real explanations, but it still makes
> 1) Why was it so important to leave Italy at this particular point
> in time that families would separate and immigrate to a foreign
> country (France, eventually USA)?
> 2) Why was it so much easier to get a boat to America from Havre
> than from Naples at the time? Why so much demand to leave from
> I don't know the answers. I do know that Italy only became a
> republic in 1871. I know that the largest thrust of Italian
> immigration to the USA began about 1880.
> Based on this, I can only suspect that some kind of political
> upheaval was at the root of the Itri-Marseilles migration. Of
> course, this is all my own speculation.
> I will continue to research, and I'd love to hear other opinions
> about this.
> --- In FraDiavolo@yahoogro ups.com, marie saccoccio <saccocciom@ >
> > I also saw this in my research. I assumed it had to do with it
> being easier to get a boat from Marseille to NY, than Naples to
> Far fewer people were sailing from Marseille.
> > rickj100001 <rickj100001@ > wrote: I read in another
> thread where someone had questions as to why one of
> > his female ancestors left Itri for Marseilles, France, while the
> > female ancestor's husband remained behind in Itri. Apparently,
> > occurred in at least a few Itri families.
> > This same phenomemon occurred in the Iacueo family when my great
> > grandmother and her children left Itri for Marseilles in the
> > 1800s/early 1900s. They eventually immigrated to the USA from
> > Marseilles to New York in 1908.
> > Does anyone have any information regarding the reason all of
> > families moved from Itri to Marseilles? It's a great mystery to
> > Rick
> > Marie Elena Saccoccio
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