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Group Description

This group is for practitioners of the religion or spiritual path of Fersendaj. Fersendaj is also called Sipasiyan by the Dabestan-i Mazahib. With probable roots in Taoism, Zoroastrianism and a confluence of traditions in the Swat Valley until around the 7th century CE, Fersendaj is a continuation of an ancient Sino-Iranian spiritual tradition that by Safavid times was represented by two transmissions in Iranian spiritual culture: the Ishraqi school and Zoroastrianism. These two trends were united or re-united, noting a difference of opinion over the relation of this tradition to Islam at this time, in Safavid Iran by the Zoroastrian Mobed Azar Kaivan (1530-1618 CE). Given the climate of religious oppression in Iran, the Kaivan school migrated from Fars to Gujerat in 1570 CE. As noted in the Dabestan-i Mazahib, ahead of its time, this spiritual school was tolerant of all sincere seekers from all faiths. For example, during Kaivan's life he had Turkic shamanistic, Buddhist, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Muslim (Sunni and Shi'ite) disciples. One of Kaivan's disciples, Farzaneh Behram ibn Farshad (d.1638), had two Jewish rabbis among his students along with prominent scientists of Akbar's court. Students also included emigre adherents of Bon faced with difficulties with the Gelukpas in Tibet along with Siddhis and Naths.

Group Information

  • 10
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Dec 26, 2009
  • English

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