UN Anti-War Petition
- UN is gathering signatures against World War III...join in
From: "abhijit" <abhijitdas@...>
Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 17:36:50 +0530
** ANTI-WAR PETITION **
As a result of the day of terror on Tuesday September 11 that left
the Twin Towers of New York and the Pentagon of Washington D.C.
destroyed, the United States may be about to declare war.
The New York Times stated that, because the attack it is not only
against the U.S.A. but against all of civilization, ".. It is
necessary to identify to the countries that support the terrorist
movements because it is there that the true war will be directed."
The chief of the Arab newspaper Al-Quds, with headquarters in London,
said that the Islamic terrorist Osama Bin Laden had noted three
weeks ago that it planned to carry out "an important" attack against
Karen Hughes, who advises President Bush, assured us at a press
conference that the country has the means to guarantee national
security. What the U.S.A. may feel compelled to do may result in very
lamentable reprisals against the Islamic world.
However, the state of alert that United States maintains is not
without good reason. The American people are very indignant and are
requesting justice somehow... and a reprisal for their dead. Today we
are in a point in imbalance in the world and are moving toward what
may well be the beginning of a THIRD WORLD WAR.
If your are against this possibility, the UN is gathering signatures
to avoid this tragic world event. Please COPY (!!!) this e-mail in a
NEW message, sign at the end of the list, and send it to all the
people that you know.
If you receive this list with more than 500 names signed, please send
a copy of the message to: unicwash@... (that is, the UN
Information Centre, in Washington)
Even if you decide not to sign, PLEASE forward it to others
1) Suzanne Dathe, Grenoble, France
2) Laurence COMPARAT, Grenoble,France
3) Philippe MOTTE, Grenoble, France
4) Jok FERRAND, Mont St Martin, France
5) Emmanuelle PIGNOL, St Martin d'Heres,FRANCE
6) Marie GAUTHIER, Grenoble, FRANCE
7) Laurent VESCALO, Grenoble, FRANCE
8) Mathieu MOY, St Egreve, FRANCE
9) Bernard BLANCHET, Mont St Martin,FRANCE
10) Tassadite FAVRIE, Grenoble, FRANCE
11) Loic GODARD, St Ismier, FRANCE
12) Benedicte PASCAL, Grenoble, FRANCE
13) Khedaidja BENATIA, Grenoble, FRANCE
14) Marie-Therese LLORET, Grenoble,FRANCE
15) Benoit THEAU, Poitiers, FRANCE
16) Bruno CONSTANTIN, Poitiers, FRANCE
17) Christian COGNARD, Poitiers, FRANCE
18) Robert GARDETTE, Paris, FRANCE
19) Claude CHEVILLARD, Montpellier, FRANCE
20) Gilles FREISS, Montpellier, FRANCE
21) Patrick AUGEREAU, Montpellier, FRANCE.
22) Jean IMBERT, Marseille, FRANCE
23) Jean-Claude MURAT, Toulouse, France
24) Anna BASSOLS, Barcelona, Catalonia
25) Mireia DUNACH, Barcelona, Catalonia
26) Michel VILLAZ, Grenoble, France
27) Pages Frederique, Dijon, France
28) Rodolphe FISCHMEISTER,Chatenay-Malabry, France
29) Francois BOUTEAU, Paris, France
30) Patrick PETER, Paris, France
31) Lorenza RADICI, Paris, France
32) Monika Siegenthaler, Bern, Switzerland
33) Mark Philp, Glasgow, Scotland
34) Tomas Andersson, Stockholm, Sweden
35) Jonas Eriksson, Stockholm, Sweden
36) Karin Eriksson, Stockholm, Sweden
37) Ake Ljung, Stockholm, Sweden
38) Carina Sedlmayer, Stockholm, Sweden
39) Rebecca Uddman, Stockholm, Sweden
40) Lena Skog, Stockholm, Sweden
41) Micael Folke, Stockholm, Sweden
42) Britt-Marie Folke, Stockholm, Sweden
43) Birgitta Schuberth, Stockholm, Sweden
44) Lena Dahl, Stockholm, Sweden
45) Ebba Karlsson, Stockholm, Sweden
46) Jessica Carlsson, Vaxjo, Sweden
47) Sara Blomquist, Vaxjo, Sweden
48) Magdalena Fosseus, Vaxjo, Sweden
49) Charlotta Langner, Goteborg, Sweden
50) Andrea Egedal, Goteborg, Sweden
51) Lena Persson, Stockholm, Sweden
52) Magnus Linder, Umea ,Sweden
53) Petra Olofsson, Umea, Sweden
54) Caroline Evenbom, Vaxjo, Sweden
55) Asa Pettersson, Grimsas, Sweden
56) Jessica Bjork, Grimsas, Sweden
57) Linda Ahlbom Goteborg, Sweden
58) Jenny Forsman, Boras, Sweden
59) Nina Gunnarson, Kinna, Sweden
60) Andrew Harrison, New Zealand
61) Bryre Murphy, New Zealand
62) Claire Lugton, New Zealand
63) Sarah Thornton, New Zealand
64) Rachel Eade, New Zealand
65) Magnus Hjert, London, UK
67) Madeleine Stamvik, Hurley, UK
68) Susanne Nowlan, Vermont, USA
69) Lotta Svenby, Malmoe, Sweden
70) Adina Giselsson, Malmoe, Sweden
71) Anders Kullman, Stockholm, Sweden
72) Rebecka Swane, Stockholm, Sweden
73) Jens Venge, Stockholm, Sweden
74) Catharina Ekdahl, Stockholm, Sweden
75) Nina Fylkegard, Stockholm, Sweden
76) Therese Stedman, Malmoe, Sweden
77) Jannica Lund, Stockholm, Sweden
78) Douglas Bratt, Sweden
79) Mats Lofstrom, Stockholm, Sweden
80) Li Lindstrom, Sweden
81) Ursula Mueller, Sweden
82) Marianne Komstadius, Stockholm, Sweden
83) Peter Thyselius, Stockholm, Sweden
84) Gonzalo Oviedo, Quito, Ecuador
85) Amalia Romeo, Gland, Switzerland
86) Margarita Restrepo, Gland, Switzerland
87) Eliane Ruster, Crans p.C., Switzerland
88) Jennifer Bischoff-Elder, Hong Kong
89) Azita Lashgari, Beirut, Lebanon
90) Khashayar Ostovany, New York, USA
91) Lisa L Miller, Reno NV
92) Danielle Avazian, Los Angeles, CA
93) Sara Risher,Los Angeles,Ca.
94) Melanie London, New York, NY
95) Susan Brownstein , Los Angeles, CA
96) Steven Raspa, San Francisco, CA
97) Margot Duane, Ross, CA
98) Natasha Darnall, Los Angeles, CA
99) Candace Brower, Evanston, IL
100) James Kjelland, Evanston, IL
101) Michael Jampole, Beach Park, IL, USA
102) Diane Willis, Wilmette, IL, USA
103) Sharri Russell, Roanoke, VA, USA
104) Faye Cooley, Roanoke, VA, USA
105) Celeste Thompson, Round Rock, TX, USA
106) Sherry Stang, Pflugerville, TX, USA
107) Amy J. Singer, Pflugerville, TX USA
108) Milissa Bowen, Austin, TX USA
109) Michelle Jozwiak, Brenham, TX USA
110) Mary Orsted, College Station, TX USA
111) Janet Gardner, Dallas, TX USA
112) Marilyn Hollingsworth, Dallas, TX USA
113) Nancy Shamblin, Garland. TX USA
114) K. M. Mullen, Houston, TX - USA
115) Noreen Tolman, Houston, Texas - USA
116) Laurie Sobolewski, Warren, MI
117) Kellie Sisson Snider, Irving Texas
118) Carol Currie, Garland, Garland Texas
119) John Snyder, Garland, TX USA
120) Elaine Hannan, South Africa
121) Jayne Howes, South Africa
122) Diane Barnes, Akron, Ohio
123) Melanie Dass Moodley, Durban, SouthAfrica
124) Imma Merino, Barcelona, Catalonia
125) Toni Vinas, Barcelona, Catalonia
126) Marc Alfaro, Barcelona, Catalonia
127) Manel Saperas, Barcelona, Catalonia
128) Jordi Ribas Izquierdo, Catalonia
129) Naiana Lacorte Rodes, Catalonia
130) Joan Vitoria i Codina, Barcelona,Catalonia
131) Marta Truno i Salvado, Barcelona,Catalonia
132) Jordi Lagares Roset, Barcelona,Catalonia
133) Josep Puig Vidal, Barcelona,Catalonia
134) Marta Juanola i Codina, Barcelona,Catalonia
135) Manel de la Fuente i Colino,Barcelona,Catalonia
136) Gemma Belluda i Ventura, Barcelona,Catalonia
137) Victor Belluda i Ventur, Barcelona,Catalonia
138) MaAntonia Balletbo, Barcelona, Spain
139) Mireia Masdevall Llorens, Barcelona,Spain
140) Clara Planas, Barcelona, Spain
141) Fernando Labastida Gual, Barcelona,Spain
142) Cristina Vacarisas, Barcelona, Spain
143) Enric Llarch i Poyo, Barcelona,CATALONIA
144) Rosa Escoriza Valencia, Barcelona,Catalonia
145) Silvia Jimenez, Barcelona, Catalonia
146) Maria Clarella, Barcelona, Catalonia
147) Angels Guimera, Barcelona, Catalonia
148) M.Carmen Ruiz Fernandez, Barcelona,Catalonia
149) Rufi Cerdan Heredia, Barcelona,Catalonia
150) M. Teresa Vilajeliu Roig, Barcelona,Catalonia
151) Rafel LLussa, Girona, Catalonia,Spain
152) Mariangels Gallego Ribo, Gelida,Catalonia
153) Jordi Cortadella, Gelida, Catalonia
154) Pere Botella, Barcelona, Catalonia(Spain)
155) Josefina Auladell Baulenas, Catalunya(Spain)
156) Empar Escoin Carceller, Catalunya(Spain)
157) Elisa Pla Soler, Catalunya (Spain)
158) Paz Morillo Bosch, catalunya (Spain)
159) Cristina Bosch Moreno, Madrid (Spain)
160) Marta Puertolas, Barcelona (Spain)
161) Elisa del Pino (Madrid) Spain
162) Joaquin Rivera (Madrid) Spain
163) Carmen Barral (Madrid) Spain
164) Carmen del Pino (Madrid) Spain
165) Asuncion del Pino (Madrid) Spain
166) Asuncion Cuesta (Madrid) Spain)
167) Ana Polo Mediavilla (Burgos) Spain
168) Mercedes Romero Laredo (Burgos)Espana
169) Oliva Mertinez Fernandez (Burgos)Espana
170) Silvia Leal Aparicio (Burgos) Espana
171) Claudia Elizabeth Larrauri (BahiaBlanca),Argentina
172) Federico G. Pietrokovsky (C.F.)Argentina
173) Naschel Prina (Capital Federal)Argentina
174) Daniela Gozzi (Capital Federal)Argentina
175) Paula Elisa Kvedaras (CapitalFederal)Argentina
176) Antonio Izquierdo (Valencia) Espana
177) Ana Belen Perez Solsona (Valencia)Espana
178) Paula Folques Diago (Valencia) Espana
179) Nestor Alis Pozo (Valencia) Espana
180) Rafael Alis Pozo (valencia) Spain
181) Isabel Maria Martinez (Valencia)Espana
182) Cristina Bernad Guerrero (Valencia)Espana
183) Iria Barcia Sanchez
184) Elena Barrios Barcia. Uppsala. Suecia
185) Illana Ortiz Martin. Munchen.Alemania
186) Santiago Rodriguez Rasero. M=FCnchen.Alemania
187) David Ag=F3s Diaz. Pamplona. Espana
188) Juan Luis Ibarretxe. Galdakao. E.H.
189) Ruben Diez Ealo. Galdakao. E.H.
190) Marcial Rodriguez Garcia. Ermua.
191) Imanol Echave Calvo. San Sebastian.Spain.
192) Begona Ortiz de ZarateLazcano.Vitoria-Gasteiz.Spain
193) David Sanchez Agirregomezkorta.Gasteiz.Euskadi.
194) Alberto Ruiz De Alda.Gasteiz.Euzkadi
195) Juan Carlos Garcia Obregon.Vitoria-Gasteiz.Espana
196) Jon Aiarza Lotina.Santander.Spain
197) Teresa del Hoyo Rojo. Santander.
198) Celia Nespral Gaztelumendi.Santander. Espana
199) Pedro Martin Villamor, Valladolid.Espana.
200) Victoria Arratia Martin, Valladolid,Espana
201) Javi Tajadura Martin, Portugalete,Euskadi.Spain
202) Lourdes Palacios Martin, Bilbao, Spain
203) Jes=FAs Avila de Grado, Madrid, Espana
204) Eva Maria Cano L=F3pez. Madrid. Spain
205) Emilio Ruiz Olivar, Londres, UK
206) Maru Ortega Garcia del Moral,CALAHORRA, Espana
207) Juan Carlos Ayala Calvo, Logrono, Spain
208) Rocio Munoz Pino, Logrono, Espana
209) Ximena Pino Burgos, Santiago, Chile
210) Roberto Saldivia Quezada, Santiago,Chile
211) Paola Gonzalez Valderrama, Santiago,Chile
212) Cesar Morales Pena y Lillo, Santiago
213) Denisse Labarca Abdala , Santiago,Chile
214) Maria Paz Gonzalez Garay
215) Daniela Millar Kaiser, Santiago,Chile
216) Alvaro Wigand Perales, Valdivia,Chile
217) Gladys Bustos Carrasco, Quilicura,Chile
218) Patricio Criado Rivera, Quilicura,Chile
219) Carolina Aguilar Monsalve, Valdivia,Chile
220) Carmen Silva Utrilla, Madrid, Espana
221) Martha Yolanda Rodriguez Aviles,Queretaro,Mexico
222) LAURA RODRIGUEZ AVILES,COZUMEL,QUINTANA ROO,MEXICO
223) KATIA HAHN , MERIDA, YUCAT=C1N
224) [Sofia Gallego] Mexicali, B.C. Mexico
225) BEATRIZ CASTA=D1EDA DE CLARIOND,Monterrey, Mexico
226) VICTOR KERBER PALMA, Monterrey, Mexico
227) Rocio Sanchez Losada, Mexico D.F.
228) Lorenza Estandia Gonzalez Luna, Mexico D.F.
229) Gabriel Gallardo D'Aiuto,Mexico D.F.
230) Jose Antonio Salinas, Monterrey, N.L., Mex.
231) Laura Cantu, Mty N.L., Mex
232) Jossie Garcia, Mty N.L Mex
233) Martha Vazquez Gonzalez, Mty, N.L.; Mex.
234) Olga Moreno, Monterrey, NL, Mex
235) Mariana Camargo, Pto. Vallarta, Jal; Mex.
236) Alfonso Villa, Toluca, Mexico
237) Arturo Rodriguez Reyes, Toluca, Edo Mexico, MEXICO
238) Fernanda Villela, Mexico D.F., MEXICO
239) Pilar Jimenez, Caracas, VENEZUELA
240) Erika Rovelo, Mexico D.F., MEXICO
241) ALEJANDRO LECANDA, CIUDAD DE MEXICO, MEXICO
242) Gabriela Diaz de Sandi, Cd. Mexico, Mexico
243) Jorge Bustamante Orgaz, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
244) Jose Bernardo Rodriguez Montes, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico
245) Luisa Angela Arino Pelaez. Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
246) Ramses Ricardo Rios Zaragoza, CD de Mexico
247) Rosa Maria Lamparero. Ciudad de Mexico.
248) Margarita Palomares . Ciudad de Mexico. MEXICO
249) Carlos Anaya. MEXICO
250) Enrique Garcia Menes
251) Loren Walker. United States of America
252) Natalie Lutz - La Ville Du Bois, France
253) Melissa Iwai - United States
254) Yukako Sunaoshi, Auckland, New Zealand
255) Roger Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
256) Jonathan Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
257) Kirsten Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
258) Clinton Good, Auckland, New Zealand
259) James Rogan, Auckland, New Zealand
260) Conrad Smith, Auckland, New Zealand
261) Christine Fox, Wollongong, Australia
262) Audrey Wilson, Wollongong, Australia
263) Cathy Davies, Wahroonga, Sydney, Australia
264) Barry Davies, Wahroonga, Sydney, Australia
265) Giri Taplin, Perth, Australia
266) Suresh Taplin, Perth, Australia
267) Moni Taplin, Perth, Australia
268) Fay Collins, Auckland, New Zealand
269) Bev Silvester-Clark, Auckland, New Zealand
270) Ute Engel, Orewa, New Zealand
271) Simin Williams, Gisborne, New Zealand
272) Mukesh Chauhan, Ahmedabad, India.
273) Ajit Patel, Florida, U.S.A.
274) Masuma Mamdani, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
275) Priya Nanda, Maryland, USA
276) Manisha Gupte, Pune, India
277) Abhijit Das, Lucknow, India
278) Shaji John K, Lucknow, India
- From: "Ratnam V Chitturi"
Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 13:59:33 -0500
This appears to be a hoax.
If it is UN, there must be some authentication.
There should be a person's name, agency name, and address with a
phone number and e-mail address.
There must be a context as well. What will they do with the
signatures? Who will get them? Who do they pass the list to? How
does the list affect the decision making process?
Security Council and General Assembly are the two bodies that would
have any responsibility in this area. They don't depend on public
opinion. They already have a process in place. Any nation or the
Secretary General can bring a motion to the relevant bodies.
- Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 14:53:33 -0500
From: "Institute for Public Accuracy"
Subject: Critical Voices on Plans for War
Critical Voices on Plans for War
PHYLLIS BENNIS, pbennis@..., http://www.ips-dc.org
Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies and co-editor of "Beyond
the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader," Bennis said today: "In Bush's speech we
got no doctrine, no strategy, no evidence. What we did get was a lot of
Wild West rhetoric -- dead or alive material. In Afghanistan, 25 percent
of the people were already dependent solely on foreign-aid food, and all
international workers have left because of the U.S. threats. Today,
the process of starvation begins. Bush said he would use everything at
the U.S.'s disposal, but apparently that doesn't include Washington's
formidable arsenal of diplomacy -- instead he outright rejected
negotiations or discussions. While condemning 'self-appointed
rulers,'Bush rallied to the defense of Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Egypt -- all
examples of absolute monarchies or self-perpetuating regimes."
G. SIMON HARAK, GSHarakSJ@...
A Jesuit priest with the West Side Jesuit Community in New York City,
Harak said today: "If we in our turn plan on militarism, vengeance, and
retaliation, if we steel our spirits against the suffering which such
pursuits always cause to the innocent, in short, if we turn to the
tools of death, then whatever hollow triumph we may trumpet, it will have been
Death alone which has won." Harak has visited the Mideast many times, he
added:"When I've spoken to families in Iraq who have suffered from the
economic sanctions and bombings; or with Palestinian fathers and sons tortured
by an Israeli government which we back -- they asked me the same question
people have been asking: 'Why does America hate us?'"
ELEIZA BRAUN, ebraun@..., http://www.peacefuljustice.cjb.net
A junior at George Washington University, Braun said
today: "Thousands of students across the U.S. held vigils, teach-ins and rallies on Thursday as part of a national day of peace and solidarity. We are shocked and saddened by the events of last week -- and are dedicated to working towards policies that do not visit such tragedy upon others throughout the world via military action."
MICHAEL RATNER, mratner@..., http://www.humanrightsnow.org
Vice president of the Center for Constitutional Rights and an expert
on war powers, Ratner said today: "The United States should deal with the
events of September 11 as criminal acts, investigate and prosecute those
guilty and do so with the backing of the United Nations Security Council."
FRANCIS BOYLE, fboyle@...
Professor of international law at the University of Illinois College
of Law, Boyle said today: "The United States is under an absolute
obligation to resolve this dispute with Afghanistan in a peaceful manner as
required by UN Charter Article 2(3) and Article 33.... Accordingly, this
dispute must be resolved by invoking the 1971 Montreal Sabotage Convention
and the 1997 UN International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist
Furthermore, the United States should offer to submit this entire
dispute with Afghanistan to the International Court of Justice in The Hague
(the so-called World Court)."
BEAU GROSSCUP, bgrosscup@...
Author of "The Newest Explosions of Terrorism" and professor of
international relations at California State University in Chico,
Grosscup said today: "The Israeli model is not only ineffective in dealing
with terrorism, as the track record of anti-Israeli violence shows, but is
also bankrupt both politically and morally..."
For more information, contact at the Institute for Public Accuracy:
Sam Husseini, (202) 347-0020; David Zupan, (541) 484-9167
Institute for Public Accuracy
915 National Press Building, Washington, D.C. 20045
(202) 347-0020 * http://www.accuracy.org * ipa@...
- deep concern on the new 'National Curriculum Framework'for school
Repost for South Asia Citizens Wire
The Hindustan Times
Monday, September 24, 2001
Consensus be damned
by Anil Bordia
As an observer of educational developments, I have noticed with deep
concern the issue of the new 'National Curriculum Framework' for
school education. I am concerned because of the non-secular nature of
Also, because it makes serious departures from education policy and a
due process of consultation has not taken place.
Secularism is an indispensable part of the basic structure of India's
Constitution. Not only is it postulated in the preamble, the light of
this principle radiates in several provisions of the Constitution. As
for the National Policy on Education (NPE), formulated in 1986 and
revised in 1992, it states that the national system of education will
be based on a national curriculum framework, which contains a common
core along with other components that are flexible. The common core
is to be designed to promote values, which include India's common
cultural heritage and secularism. The policy makes an unequivocal
statement: "All educational programmes will be carried on in strict
conformity with secular values."
While referring to common core components, the new curriculum
framework begins by affirming the values identified in NPE, including
India's common cultural heritage and secularism. Having thus observed
the formality of adherence to NPE, the framework shows its real
A medley of confusion is constructed to introduce numerous
value-related issues. Recommendations of the Justice J.S. Verma
Committee on Fundamental Duties of Citizens, and the Parliamentary
Committee on Value-based Education, chaired by S.B. Chavan, are
invoked to make fundamental duties a part of the core curriculum and
to bring in the values of truth, righteous conduct, peace, love and
Numerous phrases which could lend themselves to non-secular
interpretation are brought in, such as the best Indian tradition,
Indian wisdom, tradition rooted in Indian ethos, thinking rooted in
Indian tradition, spiritual quotient, etc.
One may ask, if fundamental duties are to form part of the core
curriculum, why not the values written in the preamble? One of the
fundamental duties is "value and preserve the rich heritage of our
composite culture", to which a reference is also made in NPE.
However, common cultural heritage and secularism do not figure either
in the main thrust areas (there are 13 of them) of school education
or the 18 skills and values which the curriculum is "to help generate
and promote among the learners".
It is obvious that after making token reference to secularism and
common cultural heritage, these are effectively excluded from the
framework of curriculum.
It is also interesting that the NCERT gave no indication in the draft
curriculum framework (circulated for discussion in January 2000) that
it was planning to incorporate a strong section on education about
religions. In the section on 'Education for Value Development' the
draft only refers to NPE '86 - values and fundamental duties. That
document adds one sentence in another section to the effect that
objective and sympathetic study of all major religions of India
should be provided for.
The final version of the framework calls for integration of education
about religions with all subjects of study and in all co-scholastic
areas. Thus, dharmanirpekshta (secularism) is replaced by
panthanirpekshta (non-discrimination on the ground of religion). This
is violative of NPE and, arguably, also of the Constitution.
This issue was debated when the 1968 and 1986 policies were being
formulated. A section of opinion was in favour of the use of
education about religions to inculcate the spirit of equal respect
for all religions (sarva dharma samabhav) and to make that the source
of value education. This proposition was not accepted because it was
considered contrary to secularism. It was recalled that already
school prayers tended to remain confined to Hindu forms and while
birthdays of Hindu gods are celebrated, rarely is this consideration
shown to the Prophet of Islam or Jesus Christ.
It was feared that education about religions would become an
instruction about Hinduism. Rather than promoting national
integration, it could be divisive and have a deleterious affect on
the participation of non-Hindu children.
There are several other areas where major departures have been made
from NPE and there are equally important areas which have got omitted
- both these categories lack conformity with the accepted policy.
Take the 'three-language formula'. The 1986 policy reiterates the
provision of the 1968 policy and states that, in addition to Hindi
and English, in the Hindi-speaking states, a modern Indian language,
"preferably one of the southern languages", should be taught after
the primary stage. The new curriculum, while technically reiterating
the three-language formula, omits to mention about the preference to
An interesting case is of Sanskrit. Here, too, the 1986 policy
reiterates the provision of the 1968 policy which recognises the
unique contribution of Sanskrit to the cultural unity of the country
and suggests that facilities for its teaching should be offered on a
more liberal scale. The 'discussion document' of January 2000 only
raises a one-line question: "Could the classical languages be taught
as part of a composite course with mother tongue/regional languages
originating from them?" The final version provides a full page on
It asserts that Sanskrit is to be treated as a living phenomenon and
is to be introduced as a part of the study of Hindi and regional
languages, insisting that "the course has to be so planned that the
study of Sanskrit may not be ignored". In practice, this may mean
making Sanskrit compulsory for all.
While the new framework refers to globalisation, IT, multiple
intelligence, it makes no mention about the education of minorities,
Urdu, and the role of education in women's empowerment. This is
disconcerting for persons who view education as a means of national
integration and empowerment of women and oppressed sections.
The NPE 1986, as revised in 1992, calls for its review every five
years. After he took office as HRD minister, Murli Manohar Joshi had
indicated that he was going to revise the education policy. At some
stage he seems to have given up that idea. Some of the changes he had
in mind seem to have got incorporated in the curriculum framework.
Although this framework contains several provisions which are not in
conformity with the education policy, it was finalised without
observing the due process for its validation.
Education being a part of the concurrent list, NPE laid great
emphasis on treating education as a matter of partnership between the
Centre and the states. It laid down that the Central Advisory Board
of Education (CABE), the membership of which includes education
ministers of all states and Union Territories, must play a vital role
in the review of educational developments.
Consensus on education has a long tradition in our country.
Recommendations of the commissions on higher education (1949) and
secondary education (1953) were considered in CABE. A committee of
Parliament deliberated for months on the formulation of the education
policy in pursuance of the recommendations of the education
commission (1964-66). The policy which emerged in 1986 was considered
by Parliament before adoption.
The preparation of the 1986 policy was preceded by wide-ranging
consultations. Formal meetings were held with representatives of
national political parties and the draft was debated with the
education ministers of all states and UTs and in CABE. It was adopted
after being endorsed by both Houses of Parliament.
Likewise, the 1992 amendments were processed in a committee with
membership of all major parties. These amendments were considered in
a conference of education ministers of all states/UTs and were
finally adopted by Parliament.
The NCERT had undertaken two earlier exercises to develop curricular
guidelines. The Curriculum for the Ten-Year School - A Framework, in
1975, and the National Curriculum for Elementary and Secondary
Education: A Framework, in 1988, were both processed in meetings of
NCERT and meetings in which education ministers of all states and UTs
A surprising thing about the new national curriculum framework is
that it does not seem to have been validated by a process of
What seems to be an attitude of cynical indifference towards
consensus-building, CABE has not been constituted since 1994 and
obviously, the new framework could not have been processed in a
meeting of CABE. The council of NCERT includes ministers of education
of all states/UTs. As far as one knows, the new framework was
released by the HRD minister even before the meeting of the council.
So who approved this document prior to its release?
The writer is former Education Secretary, Government of India. He was
associated with the 1986 Education Policy and its revision in 1992
The Hindustan Times
Monday, September 24, 2001
[Shiv] Sena ruffled by book describing Shivaji as Sudra
Farida Shaikh, (Mumbai, September 23)
Does Shivaji's caste matter? To the Shiv Sena it certainly does. The
Sena's sensibilities have been hurt by a Class VI handbook in
Mumbai's Don Bosco School which describes the warrior king as a Sudra.
The bone of contention is a handbook for teachers authored by human
rights activist and joint editor of Communalism Combat, Teesta
Setalvad. The book traces the rise of Shivaji from humble beginnings
to fame and glory, and praises him for representing the toiling
peasants and battling caste barriers.
However, the word Sudra did not go down too well with some parents
who approached the local Shiv Sena unit.
The school authorities say that they have been asked to withdraw the
book. They are planning to take up the issue with human rights bodies.