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UN Anti-War Petition

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  • Abhijit
    UN is gathering signatures against World War III...join in From: abhijit Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 17:36:50 +0530 ** ANTI-WAR PETITION
    Message 1 of 6 , Sep 21, 2001
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      UN is gathering signatures against World War III...join in

      From: "abhijit" <abhijitdas@...>
      Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 17:36:50 +0530

      ** ANTI-WAR PETITION **

      As a result of the day of terror on Tuesday September 11 that left
      the Twin Towers of New York and the Pentagon of Washington D.C.
      destroyed, the United States may be about to declare war.

      The New York Times stated that, because the attack it is not only
      against the U.S.A. but against all of civilization, ".. It is
      necessary to identify to the countries that support the terrorist
      movements because it is there that the true war will be directed."

      The chief of the Arab newspaper Al-Quds, with headquarters in London,
      said that the Islamic terrorist Osama Bin Laden had noted three
      weeks ago that it planned to carry out "an important" attack against
      American interests.

      Karen Hughes, who advises President Bush, assured us at a press
      conference that the country has the means to guarantee national
      security. What the U.S.A. may feel compelled to do may result in very
      lamentable reprisals against the Islamic world.

      However, the state of alert that United States maintains is not
      without good reason. The American people are very indignant and are
      requesting justice somehow... and a reprisal for their dead. Today we
      are in a point in imbalance in the world and are moving toward what
      may well be the beginning of a THIRD WORLD WAR.

      If your are against this possibility, the UN is gathering signatures
      to avoid this tragic world event. Please COPY (!!!) this e-mail in a
      NEW message, sign at the end of the list, and send it to all the
      people that you know.

      If you receive this list with more than 500 names signed, please send
      a copy of the message to: unicwash@... (that is, the UN
      Information Centre, in Washington)

      Even if you decide not to sign, PLEASE forward it to others

      1) Suzanne Dathe, Grenoble, France
      2) Laurence COMPARAT, Grenoble,France
      3) Philippe MOTTE, Grenoble, France
      4) Jok FERRAND, Mont St Martin, France
      5) Emmanuelle PIGNOL, St Martin d'Heres,FRANCE
      6) Marie GAUTHIER, Grenoble, FRANCE
      7) Laurent VESCALO, Grenoble, FRANCE
      8) Mathieu MOY, St Egreve, FRANCE
      9) Bernard BLANCHET, Mont St Martin,FRANCE
      10) Tassadite FAVRIE, Grenoble, FRANCE
      11) Loic GODARD, St Ismier, FRANCE
      12) Benedicte PASCAL, Grenoble, FRANCE
      13) Khedaidja BENATIA, Grenoble, FRANCE
      14) Marie-Therese LLORET, Grenoble,FRANCE
      15) Benoit THEAU, Poitiers, FRANCE
      16) Bruno CONSTANTIN, Poitiers, FRANCE
      17) Christian COGNARD, Poitiers, FRANCE
      18) Robert GARDETTE, Paris, FRANCE
      19) Claude CHEVILLARD, Montpellier, FRANCE
      20) Gilles FREISS, Montpellier, FRANCE
      21) Patrick AUGEREAU, Montpellier, FRANCE.
      22) Jean IMBERT, Marseille, FRANCE
      23) Jean-Claude MURAT, Toulouse, France
      24) Anna BASSOLS, Barcelona, Catalonia
      25) Mireia DUNACH, Barcelona, Catalonia
      26) Michel VILLAZ, Grenoble, France
      27) Pages Frederique, Dijon, France
      28) Rodolphe FISCHMEISTER,Chatenay-Malabry, France
      29) Francois BOUTEAU, Paris, France
      30) Patrick PETER, Paris, France
      31) Lorenza RADICI, Paris, France
      32) Monika Siegenthaler, Bern, Switzerland
      33) Mark Philp, Glasgow, Scotland
      34) Tomas Andersson, Stockholm, Sweden
      35) Jonas Eriksson, Stockholm, Sweden
      36) Karin Eriksson, Stockholm, Sweden
      37) Ake Ljung, Stockholm, Sweden
      38) Carina Sedlmayer, Stockholm, Sweden
      39) Rebecca Uddman, Stockholm, Sweden
      40) Lena Skog, Stockholm, Sweden
      41) Micael Folke, Stockholm, Sweden
      42) Britt-Marie Folke, Stockholm, Sweden
      43) Birgitta Schuberth, Stockholm, Sweden
      44) Lena Dahl, Stockholm, Sweden
      45) Ebba Karlsson, Stockholm, Sweden
      46) Jessica Carlsson, Vaxjo, Sweden
      47) Sara Blomquist, Vaxjo, Sweden
      48) Magdalena Fosseus, Vaxjo, Sweden
      49) Charlotta Langner, Goteborg, Sweden
      50) Andrea Egedal, Goteborg, Sweden
      51) Lena Persson, Stockholm, Sweden
      52) Magnus Linder, Umea ,Sweden
      53) Petra Olofsson, Umea, Sweden
      54) Caroline Evenbom, Vaxjo, Sweden
      55) Asa Pettersson, Grimsas, Sweden
      56) Jessica Bjork, Grimsas, Sweden
      57) Linda Ahlbom Goteborg, Sweden
      58) Jenny Forsman, Boras, Sweden
      59) Nina Gunnarson, Kinna, Sweden
      60) Andrew Harrison, New Zealand
      61) Bryre Murphy, New Zealand
      62) Claire Lugton, New Zealand
      63) Sarah Thornton, New Zealand
      64) Rachel Eade, New Zealand
      65) Magnus Hjert, London, UK
      67) Madeleine Stamvik, Hurley, UK
      68) Susanne Nowlan, Vermont, USA
      69) Lotta Svenby, Malmoe, Sweden
      70) Adina Giselsson, Malmoe, Sweden
      71) Anders Kullman, Stockholm, Sweden
      72) Rebecka Swane, Stockholm, Sweden
      73) Jens Venge, Stockholm, Sweden
      74) Catharina Ekdahl, Stockholm, Sweden
      75) Nina Fylkegard, Stockholm, Sweden
      76) Therese Stedman, Malmoe, Sweden
      77) Jannica Lund, Stockholm, Sweden
      78) Douglas Bratt, Sweden
      79) Mats Lofstrom, Stockholm, Sweden
      80) Li Lindstrom, Sweden
      81) Ursula Mueller, Sweden
      82) Marianne Komstadius, Stockholm, Sweden
      83) Peter Thyselius, Stockholm, Sweden
      84) Gonzalo Oviedo, Quito, Ecuador
      85) Amalia Romeo, Gland, Switzerland
      86) Margarita Restrepo, Gland, Switzerland
      87) Eliane Ruster, Crans p.C., Switzerland
      88) Jennifer Bischoff-Elder, Hong Kong
      89) Azita Lashgari, Beirut, Lebanon
      90) Khashayar Ostovany, New York, USA
      91) Lisa L Miller, Reno NV
      92) Danielle Avazian, Los Angeles, CA
      93) Sara Risher,Los Angeles,Ca.
      94) Melanie London, New York, NY
      95) Susan Brownstein , Los Angeles, CA
      96) Steven Raspa, San Francisco, CA
      97) Margot Duane, Ross, CA
      98) Natasha Darnall, Los Angeles, CA
      99) Candace Brower, Evanston, IL
      100) James Kjelland, Evanston, IL
      101) Michael Jampole, Beach Park, IL, USA
      102) Diane Willis, Wilmette, IL, USA
      103) Sharri Russell, Roanoke, VA, USA
      104) Faye Cooley, Roanoke, VA, USA
      105) Celeste Thompson, Round Rock, TX, USA
      106) Sherry Stang, Pflugerville, TX, USA
      107) Amy J. Singer, Pflugerville, TX USA
      108) Milissa Bowen, Austin, TX USA
      109) Michelle Jozwiak, Brenham, TX USA
      110) Mary Orsted, College Station, TX USA
      111) Janet Gardner, Dallas, TX USA
      112) Marilyn Hollingsworth, Dallas, TX USA
      113) Nancy Shamblin, Garland. TX USA
      114) K. M. Mullen, Houston, TX - USA
      115) Noreen Tolman, Houston, Texas - USA
      116) Laurie Sobolewski, Warren, MI
      117) Kellie Sisson Snider, Irving Texas
      118) Carol Currie, Garland, Garland Texas
      119) John Snyder, Garland, TX USA
      120) Elaine Hannan, South Africa
      121) Jayne Howes, South Africa
      122) Diane Barnes, Akron, Ohio
      123) Melanie Dass Moodley, Durban, SouthAfrica
      124) Imma Merino, Barcelona, Catalonia
      125) Toni Vinas, Barcelona, Catalonia
      126) Marc Alfaro, Barcelona, Catalonia
      127) Manel Saperas, Barcelona, Catalonia
      128) Jordi Ribas Izquierdo, Catalonia
      129) Naiana Lacorte Rodes, Catalonia
      130) Joan Vitoria i Codina, Barcelona,Catalonia
      131) Marta Truno i Salvado, Barcelona,Catalonia
      132) Jordi Lagares Roset, Barcelona,Catalonia
      133) Josep Puig Vidal, Barcelona,Catalonia
      134) Marta Juanola i Codina, Barcelona,Catalonia
      135) Manel de la Fuente i Colino,Barcelona,Catalonia
      136) Gemma Belluda i Ventura, Barcelona,Catalonia
      137) Victor Belluda i Ventur, Barcelona,Catalonia
      138) MaAntonia Balletbo, Barcelona, Spain
      139) Mireia Masdevall Llorens, Barcelona,Spain
      140) Clara Planas, Barcelona, Spain
      141) Fernando Labastida Gual, Barcelona,Spain
      142) Cristina Vacarisas, Barcelona, Spain
      143) Enric Llarch i Poyo, Barcelona,CATALONIA
      144) Rosa Escoriza Valencia, Barcelona,Catalonia
      145) Silvia Jimenez, Barcelona, Catalonia
      146) Maria Clarella, Barcelona, Catalonia
      147) Angels Guimera, Barcelona, Catalonia
      148) M.Carmen Ruiz Fernandez, Barcelona,Catalonia
      149) Rufi Cerdan Heredia, Barcelona,Catalonia
      150) M. Teresa Vilajeliu Roig, Barcelona,Catalonia
      151) Rafel LLussa, Girona, Catalonia,Spain
      152) Mariangels Gallego Ribo, Gelida,Catalonia
      153) Jordi Cortadella, Gelida, Catalonia
      154) Pere Botella, Barcelona, Catalonia(Spain)
      155) Josefina Auladell Baulenas, Catalunya(Spain)
      156) Empar Escoin Carceller, Catalunya(Spain)
      157) Elisa Pla Soler, Catalunya (Spain)
      158) Paz Morillo Bosch, catalunya (Spain)
      159) Cristina Bosch Moreno, Madrid (Spain)
      160) Marta Puertolas, Barcelona (Spain)
      161) Elisa del Pino (Madrid) Spain
      162) Joaquin Rivera (Madrid) Spain
      163) Carmen Barral (Madrid) Spain
      164) Carmen del Pino (Madrid) Spain
      165) Asuncion del Pino (Madrid) Spain
      166) Asuncion Cuesta (Madrid) Spain)
      167) Ana Polo Mediavilla (Burgos) Spain
      168) Mercedes Romero Laredo (Burgos)Espana
      169) Oliva Mertinez Fernandez (Burgos)Espana
      170) Silvia Leal Aparicio (Burgos) Espana
      171) Claudia Elizabeth Larrauri (BahiaBlanca),Argentina
      172) Federico G. Pietrokovsky (C.F.)Argentina
      173) Naschel Prina (Capital Federal)Argentina
      174) Daniela Gozzi (Capital Federal)Argentina
      175) Paula Elisa Kvedaras (CapitalFederal)Argentina
      176) Antonio Izquierdo (Valencia) Espana
      177) Ana Belen Perez Solsona (Valencia)Espana
      178) Paula Folques Diago (Valencia) Espana
      179) Nestor Alis Pozo (Valencia) Espana
      180) Rafael Alis Pozo (valencia) Spain
      181) Isabel Maria Martinez (Valencia)Espana
      182) Cristina Bernad Guerrero (Valencia)Espana
      183) Iria Barcia Sanchez
      184) Elena Barrios Barcia. Uppsala. Suecia
      185) Illana Ortiz Martin. Munchen.Alemania
      186) Santiago Rodriguez Rasero. M=FCnchen.Alemania
      187) David Ag=F3s Diaz. Pamplona. Espana
      188) Juan Luis Ibarretxe. Galdakao. E.H.
      189) Ruben Diez Ealo. Galdakao. E.H.
      190) Marcial Rodriguez Garcia. Ermua.
      191) Imanol Echave Calvo. San Sebastian.Spain.
      192) Begona Ortiz de ZarateLazcano.Vitoria-Gasteiz.Spain
      193) David Sanchez Agirregomezkorta.Gasteiz.Euskadi.
      194) Alberto Ruiz De Alda.Gasteiz.Euzkadi
      195) Juan Carlos Garcia Obregon.Vitoria-Gasteiz.Espana
      196) Jon Aiarza Lotina.Santander.Spain
      197) Teresa del Hoyo Rojo. Santander.
      198) Celia Nespral Gaztelumendi.Santander. Espana
      199) Pedro Martin Villamor, Valladolid.Espana.
      200) Victoria Arratia Martin, Valladolid,Espana
      201) Javi Tajadura Martin, Portugalete,Euskadi.Spain
      202) Lourdes Palacios Martin, Bilbao, Spain
      203) Jes=FAs Avila de Grado, Madrid, Espana
      204) Eva Maria Cano L=F3pez. Madrid. Spain
      205) Emilio Ruiz Olivar, Londres, UK
      206) Maru Ortega Garcia del Moral,CALAHORRA, Espana
      207) Juan Carlos Ayala Calvo, Logrono, Spain
      208) Rocio Munoz Pino, Logrono, Espana
      209) Ximena Pino Burgos, Santiago, Chile
      210) Roberto Saldivia Quezada, Santiago,Chile
      211) Paola Gonzalez Valderrama, Santiago,Chile
      212) Cesar Morales Pena y Lillo, Santiago
      213) Denisse Labarca Abdala , Santiago,Chile
      214) Maria Paz Gonzalez Garay
      215) Daniela Millar Kaiser, Santiago,Chile
      216) Alvaro Wigand Perales, Valdivia,Chile
      217) Gladys Bustos Carrasco, Quilicura,Chile
      218) Patricio Criado Rivera, Quilicura,Chile
      219) Carolina Aguilar Monsalve, Valdivia,Chile
      220) Carmen Silva Utrilla, Madrid, Espana
      221) Martha Yolanda Rodriguez Aviles,Queretaro,Mexico
      222) LAURA RODRIGUEZ AVILES,COZUMEL,QUINTANA ROO,MEXICO
      223) KATIA HAHN , MERIDA, YUCAT=C1N
      224) [Sofia Gallego] Mexicali, B.C. Mexico
      225) BEATRIZ CASTA=D1EDA DE CLARIOND,Monterrey, Mexico
      226) VICTOR KERBER PALMA, Monterrey, Mexico
      227) Rocio Sanchez Losada, Mexico D.F.
      228) Lorenza Estandia Gonzalez Luna, Mexico D.F.
      229) Gabriel Gallardo D'Aiuto,Mexico D.F.
      230) Jose Antonio Salinas, Monterrey, N.L., Mex.
      231) Laura Cantu, Mty N.L., Mex
      232) Jossie Garcia, Mty N.L Mex
      233) Martha Vazquez Gonzalez, Mty, N.L.; Mex.
      234) Olga Moreno, Monterrey, NL, Mex
      235) Mariana Camargo, Pto. Vallarta, Jal; Mex.
      236) Alfonso Villa, Toluca, Mexico
      237) Arturo Rodriguez Reyes, Toluca, Edo Mexico, MEXICO
      238) Fernanda Villela, Mexico D.F., MEXICO
      239) Pilar Jimenez, Caracas, VENEZUELA
      240) Erika Rovelo, Mexico D.F., MEXICO
      241) ALEJANDRO LECANDA, CIUDAD DE MEXICO, MEXICO
      242) Gabriela Diaz de Sandi, Cd. Mexico, Mexico
      243) Jorge Bustamante Orgaz, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
      244) Jose Bernardo Rodriguez Montes, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico
      245) Luisa Angela Arino Pelaez. Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
      246) Ramses Ricardo Rios Zaragoza, CD de Mexico
      247) Rosa Maria Lamparero. Ciudad de Mexico.
      248) Margarita Palomares . Ciudad de Mexico. MEXICO
      249) Carlos Anaya. MEXICO
      250) Enrique Garcia Menes
      251) Loren Walker. United States of America
      252) Natalie Lutz - La Ville Du Bois, France
      253) Melissa Iwai - United States
      254) Yukako Sunaoshi, Auckland, New Zealand
      255) Roger Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
      256) Jonathan Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
      257) Kirsten Peddie, Auckland, New Zealand
      258) Clinton Good, Auckland, New Zealand
      259) James Rogan, Auckland, New Zealand
      260) Conrad Smith, Auckland, New Zealand
      261) Christine Fox, Wollongong, Australia
      262) Audrey Wilson, Wollongong, Australia
      263) Cathy Davies, Wahroonga, Sydney, Australia
      264) Barry Davies, Wahroonga, Sydney, Australia
      265) Giri Taplin, Perth, Australia
      266) Suresh Taplin, Perth, Australia
      267) Moni Taplin, Perth, Australia
      268) Fay Collins, Auckland, New Zealand
      269) Bev Silvester-Clark, Auckland, New Zealand
      270) Ute Engel, Orewa, New Zealand
      271) Simin Williams, Gisborne, New Zealand
      272) Mukesh Chauhan, Ahmedabad, India.
      273) Ajit Patel, Florida, U.S.A.
      274) Masuma Mamdani, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
      275) Priya Nanda, Maryland, USA
      276) Manisha Gupte, Pune, India
      277) Abhijit Das, Lucknow, India
      278) Shaji John K, Lucknow, India
    • Ratnam V Chitturi
      From: Ratnam V Chitturi Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 13:59:33 -0500 This appears to be a hoax. If it is UN, there must be some authentication. There should be a
      Message 2 of 6 , Sep 22, 2001
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        From: "Ratnam V Chitturi"
        Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 13:59:33 -0500


        This appears to be a hoax.
        If it is UN, there must be some authentication.
        There should be a person's name, agency name, and address with a
        phone number and e-mail address.

        There must be a context as well. What will they do with the
        signatures? Who will get them? Who do they pass the list to? How
        does the list affect the decision making process?

        Security Council and General Assembly are the two bodies that would
        have any responsibility in this area. They don't depend on public
        opinion. They already have a process in place. Any nation or the
        Secretary General can bring a motion to the relevant bodies.

        With regards,

        Ratnam Chitturi
        630-455-9010
        630-455-9008 (fax)
        alternate: rchitturi@...
      • Shaji John K
        Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 14:53:33 -0500 From: Institute for Public Accuracy Subject: Critical Voices on Plans for War Critical Voices on Plans for War PHYLLIS
        Message 3 of 6 , Sep 22, 2001
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          Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2001 14:53:33 -0500
          From: "Institute for Public Accuracy"
          Subject: Critical Voices on Plans for War

          Critical Voices on Plans for War

          PHYLLIS BENNIS, pbennis@..., http://www.ips-dc.org
          Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies and co-editor of "Beyond
          the Storm: A Gulf Crisis Reader," Bennis said today: "In Bush's speech we
          got no doctrine, no strategy, no evidence. What we did get was a lot of
          Wild West rhetoric -- dead or alive material. In Afghanistan, 25 percent
          of the people were already dependent solely on foreign-aid food, and all
          international workers have left because of the U.S. threats. Today,
          the process of starvation begins. Bush said he would use everything at
          the U.S.'s disposal, but apparently that doesn't include Washington's
          formidable arsenal of diplomacy -- instead he outright rejected
          negotiations or discussions. While condemning 'self-appointed
          rulers,'Bush rallied to the defense of Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Egypt -- all
          examples of absolute monarchies or self-perpetuating regimes."

          G. SIMON HARAK, GSHarakSJ@...
          A Jesuit priest with the West Side Jesuit Community in New York City,
          Harak said today: "If we in our turn plan on militarism, vengeance, and
          retaliation, if we steel our spirits against the suffering which such
          pursuits always cause to the innocent, in short, if we turn to the
          tools of death, then whatever hollow triumph we may trumpet, it will have been
          Death alone which has won." Harak has visited the Mideast many times, he
          added:"When I've spoken to families in Iraq who have suffered from the
          economic sanctions and bombings; or with Palestinian fathers and sons tortured
          by an Israeli government which we back -- they asked me the same question
          people have been asking: 'Why does America hate us?'"

          ELEIZA BRAUN, ebraun@..., http://www.peacefuljustice.cjb.net
          A junior at George Washington University, Braun said
          today: "Thousands of students across the U.S. held vigils, teach-ins and rallies on Thursday as part of a national day of peace and solidarity. We are shocked and saddened by the events of last week -- and are dedicated to working towards policies that do not visit such tragedy upon others throughout the world via military action."

          MICHAEL RATNER, mratner@..., http://www.humanrightsnow.org
          Vice president of the Center for Constitutional Rights and an expert
          on war powers, Ratner said today: "The United States should deal with the
          events of September 11 as criminal acts, investigate and prosecute those
          guilty and do so with the backing of the United Nations Security Council."

          FRANCIS BOYLE, fboyle@...
          Professor of international law at the University of Illinois College
          of Law, Boyle said today: "The United States is under an absolute
          obligation to resolve this dispute with Afghanistan in a peaceful manner as
          required by UN Charter Article 2(3) and Article 33.... Accordingly, this
          dispute must be resolved by invoking the 1971 Montreal Sabotage Convention
          and the 1997 UN International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist
          Bombings.

          Furthermore, the United States should offer to submit this entire
          dispute with Afghanistan to the International Court of Justice in The Hague
          (the so-called World Court)."

          BEAU GROSSCUP, bgrosscup@...
          Author of "The Newest Explosions of Terrorism" and professor of
          international relations at California State University in Chico,
          Grosscup said today: "The Israeli model is not only ineffective in dealing
          with terrorism, as the track record of anti-Israeli violence shows, but is
          also bankrupt both politically and morally..."
          ---------------------------------------------------------------------
          For more information, contact at the Institute for Public Accuracy:
          Sam Husseini, (202) 347-0020; David Zupan, (541) 484-9167
          Institute for Public Accuracy
          915 National Press Building, Washington, D.C. 20045
          (202) 347-0020 * http://www.accuracy.org * ipa@...
        • Shaji John K
          deep concern on the new National Curriculum Framework for school education. Repost for South Asia Citizens Wire aiindex@mnet.fr The Hindustan Times Monday,
          Message 4 of 6 , Sep 23, 2001
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            deep concern on the new 'National Curriculum Framework'for school
            education.

            Repost for South Asia Citizens Wire
            aiindex@...


            The Hindustan Times
            Monday, September 24, 2001

            Consensus be damned
            by Anil Bordia

            As an observer of educational developments, I have noticed with deep
            concern the issue of the new 'National Curriculum Framework' for
            school education. I am concerned because of the non-secular nature of
            this curriculum.

            Also, because it makes serious departures from education policy and a
            due process of consultation has not taken place.

            Secularism is an indispensable part of the basic structure of India's
            Constitution. Not only is it postulated in the preamble, the light of
            this principle radiates in several provisions of the Constitution. As
            for the National Policy on Education (NPE), formulated in 1986 and
            revised in 1992, it states that the national system of education will
            be based on a national curriculum framework, which contains a common
            core along with other components that are flexible. The common core
            is to be designed to promote values, which include India's common
            cultural heritage and secularism. The policy makes an unequivocal
            statement: "All educational programmes will be carried on in strict
            conformity with secular values."

            While referring to common core components, the new curriculum
            framework begins by affirming the values identified in NPE, including
            India's common cultural heritage and secularism. Having thus observed
            the formality of adherence to NPE, the framework shows its real
            colour.

            A medley of confusion is constructed to introduce numerous
            value-related issues. Recommendations of the Justice J.S. Verma
            Committee on Fundamental Duties of Citizens, and the Parliamentary
            Committee on Value-based Education, chaired by S.B. Chavan, are
            invoked to make fundamental duties a part of the core curriculum and
            to bring in the values of truth, righteous conduct, peace, love and
            non-violence.

            Numerous phrases which could lend themselves to non-secular
            interpretation are brought in, such as the best Indian tradition,
            Indian wisdom, tradition rooted in Indian ethos, thinking rooted in
            Indian tradition, spiritual quotient, etc.

            One may ask, if fundamental duties are to form part of the core
            curriculum, why not the values written in the preamble? One of the
            fundamental duties is "value and preserve the rich heritage of our
            composite culture", to which a reference is also made in NPE.
            However, common cultural heritage and secularism do not figure either
            in the main thrust areas (there are 13 of them) of school education
            or the 18 skills and values which the curriculum is "to help generate
            and promote among the learners".

            It is obvious that after making token reference to secularism and
            common cultural heritage, these are effectively excluded from the
            framework of curriculum.

            It is also interesting that the NCERT gave no indication in the draft
            curriculum framework (circulated for discussion in January 2000) that
            it was planning to incorporate a strong section on education about
            religions. In the section on 'Education for Value Development' the
            draft only refers to NPE '86 - values and fundamental duties. That
            document adds one sentence in another section to the effect that
            objective and sympathetic study of all major religions of India
            should be provided for.

            The final version of the framework calls for integration of education
            about religions with all subjects of study and in all co-scholastic
            areas. Thus, dharmanirpekshta (secularism) is replaced by
            panthanirpekshta (non-discrimination on the ground of religion). This
            is violative of NPE and, arguably, also of the Constitution.

            This issue was debated when the 1968 and 1986 policies were being
            formulated. A section of opinion was in favour of the use of
            education about religions to inculcate the spirit of equal respect
            for all religions (sarva dharma samabhav) and to make that the source
            of value education. This proposition was not accepted because it was
            considered contrary to secularism. It was recalled that already
            school prayers tended to remain confined to Hindu forms and while
            birthdays of Hindu gods are celebrated, rarely is this consideration
            shown to the Prophet of Islam or Jesus Christ.

            It was feared that education about religions would become an
            instruction about Hinduism. Rather than promoting national
            integration, it could be divisive and have a deleterious affect on
            the participation of non-Hindu children.

            There are several other areas where major departures have been made
            from NPE and there are equally important areas which have got omitted
            - both these categories lack conformity with the accepted policy.

            Take the 'three-language formula'. The 1986 policy reiterates the
            provision of the 1968 policy and states that, in addition to Hindi
            and English, in the Hindi-speaking states, a modern Indian language,
            "preferably one of the southern languages", should be taught after
            the primary stage. The new curriculum, while technically reiterating
            the three-language formula, omits to mention about the preference to
            southern languages.

            An interesting case is of Sanskrit. Here, too, the 1986 policy
            reiterates the provision of the 1968 policy which recognises the
            unique contribution of Sanskrit to the cultural unity of the country
            and suggests that facilities for its teaching should be offered on a
            more liberal scale. The 'discussion document' of January 2000 only
            raises a one-line question: "Could the classical languages be taught
            as part of a composite course with mother tongue/regional languages
            originating from them?" The final version provides a full page on
            Sanskrit.

            It asserts that Sanskrit is to be treated as a living phenomenon and
            is to be introduced as a part of the study of Hindi and regional
            languages, insisting that "the course has to be so planned that the
            study of Sanskrit may not be ignored". In practice, this may mean
            making Sanskrit compulsory for all.

            While the new framework refers to globalisation, IT, multiple
            intelligence, it makes no mention about the education of minorities,
            Urdu, and the role of education in women's empowerment. This is
            disconcerting for persons who view education as a means of national
            integration and empowerment of women and oppressed sections.

            The NPE 1986, as revised in 1992, calls for its review every five
            years. After he took office as HRD minister, Murli Manohar Joshi had
            indicated that he was going to revise the education policy. At some
            stage he seems to have given up that idea. Some of the changes he had
            in mind seem to have got incorporated in the curriculum framework.
            Although this framework contains several provisions which are not in
            conformity with the education policy, it was finalised without
            observing the due process for its validation.

            Education being a part of the concurrent list, NPE laid great
            emphasis on treating education as a matter of partnership between the
            Centre and the states. It laid down that the Central Advisory Board
            of Education (CABE), the membership of which includes education
            ministers of all states and Union Territories, must play a vital role
            in the review of educational developments.

            Consensus on education has a long tradition in our country.
            Recommendations of the commissions on higher education (1949) and
            secondary education (1953) were considered in CABE. A committee of
            Parliament deliberated for months on the formulation of the education
            policy in pursuance of the recommendations of the education
            commission (1964-66). The policy which emerged in 1986 was considered
            by Parliament before adoption.

            The preparation of the 1986 policy was preceded by wide-ranging
            consultations. Formal meetings were held with representatives of
            national political parties and the draft was debated with the
            education ministers of all states and UTs and in CABE. It was adopted
            after being endorsed by both Houses of Parliament.

            Likewise, the 1992 amendments were processed in a committee with
            membership of all major parties. These amendments were considered in
            a conference of education ministers of all states/UTs and were
            finally adopted by Parliament.

            The NCERT had undertaken two earlier exercises to develop curricular
            guidelines. The Curriculum for the Ten-Year School - A Framework, in
            1975, and the National Curriculum for Elementary and Secondary
            Education: A Framework, in 1988, were both processed in meetings of
            NCERT and meetings in which education ministers of all states and UTs
            participated.

            A surprising thing about the new national curriculum framework is
            that it does not seem to have been validated by a process of
            consensus-building.

            What seems to be an attitude of cynical indifference towards
            consensus-building, CABE has not been constituted since 1994 and
            obviously, the new framework could not have been processed in a
            meeting of CABE. The council of NCERT includes ministers of education
            of all states/UTs. As far as one knows, the new framework was
            released by the HRD minister even before the meeting of the council.

            So who approved this document prior to its release?

            The writer is former Education Secretary, Government of India. He was
            associated with the 1986 Education Policy and its revision in 1992
            _______

            # 2.

            The Hindustan Times
            Monday, September 24, 2001

            [Shiv] Sena ruffled by book describing Shivaji as Sudra
            Farida Shaikh, (Mumbai, September 23)

            Does Shivaji's caste matter? To the Shiv Sena it certainly does. The
            Sena's sensibilities have been hurt by a Class VI handbook in
            Mumbai's Don Bosco School which describes the warrior king as a Sudra.

            The bone of contention is a handbook for teachers authored by human
            rights activist and joint editor of Communalism Combat, Teesta
            Setalvad. The book traces the rise of Shivaji from humble beginnings
            to fame and glory, and praises him for representing the toiling
            peasants and battling caste barriers.

            However, the word Sudra did not go down too well with some parents
            who approached the local Shiv Sena unit.

            The school authorities say that they have been asked to withdraw the
            book. They are planning to take up the issue with human rights bodies.
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