Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

Seamen’s Protection Certificate, Samu el Endicott

Expand Messages
  • Kyle Elwood
    In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Britain routinely removed British sailors who were found on American ships, and those removals often
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 9, 2011
      In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Britain routinely removed British sailors who were found on American ships, and those removals often included Americans. The practice, known as impressment, became one of the central causes of the War of 1812.

      In an effort to protect American seamen from impressment, Congress authorized the issuance of Seamen’s Protection Certificates, which identified seamen as American citizens. Since citizenship was a requirement, you’ll typically find the place of birth listed and could find naturalization details for immigrants.

      For identification purposes, the records also include physical descriptions. Typically age, height, complexion, eye and hair color is given as well as scars and other distinctive physical features.

      I have access to these documents via Ancestry.com including copies of the originals.  There is some useful information on these documents,
      for example:

      Name:Samuel Endicott
      Declaration Port:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
      Declaration Date:30 Nov 1807
      Age:28
      Birth Year:abt 1779
      Birthplace:Tinicum Island, Pennsylvania
      Residence:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
      Witness Name:John Robinson
      Archive Publication:M1880
      Archive Roll:8

      Physical description:

      28 years of age
      Height:  5 feet 7 inches
      Hair color:  Brown
      Complexion:  Grey eyes; scar on left shoulder, part of an anchor on the right arm, a scar on each foot.



    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.