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Sydney Aboriginal Nations

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  • Astarte Earthwise
    Here are the Aboriginal Nations of the Sydney area The Dharug occupied the vast area west of Sydney and up into the Blue Mountains, encompassing the Cumberland
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 1, 2004
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      Here are the Aboriginal Nations of theSydney area

      The Dharug occupied the vast area west of Sydney and up into the Blue Mountains , encompassing the Cumberland Plain. This area was dense bushland and the Dharug were often referred to as climbers of trees. The area was abundant in animals (possums, kangaroos, wallabies, reptiles, birds) and was a rich source of vegetation (ferns, yams, and various fruit trees). This area included the Hawkesbury-Nepean River system and the estuaries that run off it. This area proved to be a good waterway for animals and was a source of seafood.

      The Cadigal were the coastal people of the Dharug nation. They were the people of the harbour and the beaches. On a nice day the harbour would be filled with canoes. The waterway was an abundant source of saltwater fish and shellfish and was an attraction for bird life. The population was large and sedentary (settled in this area rather than migrating from place to place). The sandstone outcrops formed great shelters and created the perfect backdrop for engravings.

      The Kurringgai occupied the region between Tuggerah Lakes and Port Jackson. The Kurringgai lived in a country of Hawkesbury sandstone which formed rocked shelters. The coastal foreshore provided a rich source of seafood and was an attraction to bird and wildlife.

      The Tharawal were found south of Botany Bay and Georges River (as far as Jervis Bay in the south) and south-west to Appin, Cordeaux and Cataract Water catchment areas. They were coastal dwellers and again like their coastal neighbours the Cadigal, survived on fish and shellfish. Their land was an attraction for bird and wildlife who used the waterway as a source of nourishment. (cross-reference Tharawal Education Centre)

      The Gundungurra were to the south of the Grose, in the Nattai and Burragorang Valleys, upper Nepean River, the Blue Mountains ranges to the west (almost as far as Bathurst) and as far south as Goulburn. Like the Dharug of the Cumberland Plain, Gundungurra land was lush bushland with an abundance of native animals.

      The Darkinjung were inland people on the MacDonald River . They were to the north-west on the other side of the Hawkesbury from the Dharug and the Kurringgai. Like the Dharug land, the Darkinjung land was dense bushland and was vastly populated with wildlife and vegetation. Wallabies, possums, kangaroos, reptiles and birds roamed the land.


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