Industrial Ecology and the Automobile by T. E. Graedel
Industrial Ecology and the Automobile
by Thomas. E. Graedel (Lucent Technologies), Braden R. Allenby (AT&T),
Thomas E. Graedel
$36.60/used from $12.99
Paperback: 243 pages
1 edition: July 1, 1997
One Lake Street
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
About the author:
Thomas. E. Graedel is interested in the organizing framework for the study
of the interactions of modern technological society with the environment and
in enhancing industrial ecology. Currently, he focuses on the flow of
materials within the industrial ecosystem and on the development of
analytical tools to assess the environmental characteristics of products,
processes, the service industry, and urban infrastructures. He is a
Professor at the Industrial Ecology dept. of the Yale School of Forestry and
was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineering for "outstanding
contributions to the theory and practice of industrial ecology" in 2002. He
is a fellow of Pierson College.
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies
Sage Hall - 205 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
(203)432-9733 Fax: (203) 432-5556
Using the automobile as a case study of one of the industries most attuned
to the concept of industrial ecology (i.e., the means by which humanity can
deliberately and rationally approach and maintain a desirable carrying
capacity, given continued economic, cultural and technological evolution),
this text provides a general introduction to how to design for
environment -- a key component of the repertoire of the 21st century
engineer. Although the focus throughout is on the automobile, the concepts,
suggestions, and insights are appropriate to all of technology.
* Shows that an industrial system must be viewed not in isolation from its
surrounding systems, but in concert with them.
* Outlines a systems view in which one seeks to optimize the total materials
cycle - from materials to components and whole products, through
obsolescence and disposal.
* Focuses on resources, energy, and capital as factors to be optimized.
* Explores various experiences encountered by the automobile industry in
designing an automobile with the environment in mind. Considers:
* What choices are desirable?
* Which decisions work?
* Which are difficult to implement?
* Where is more research needed?
* Places automobiles in the context of broad societal structures -
economics, psychology, culture.
* Provides historical perspectives on the evolution of the automobile and
the evolution of the automotive infrastructure. (Chs. 4, 5) Considers:
* Road network development, maintenance and repair.
* Petroleum exploration, recovery, and delivery network.
* The automobile as a facilitator of urban sprawl.
* Discusses the many steps and factors to be considered in designing for
* Choosing materials. (Ch. 6)
* Energy consumption. (Ch. 7)
* Environmental impacts during manufacture. (Ch. 8)
* Environmental interactions during product use. (Ch. 9)
* Design for recycling. (Ch. 10)
* Surveys global trends affecting the automobile, the transportation
infrastructure, and the society of the next quarter-century.
* Contains Matrix Evaluation Guidelines and Checklists. (Appendix A)