Maraschino and Kirsch
- Maraschino (pronounced Maraskino) is a clear, relatively dry liqueur
made from sour or morello cherries (Prunus cerasus marasca),
including the crushed pits which give it a subtle bitter almond
Originally made in the region known as Dalmatia (now a part of
Croatia). Since 1947 it is made in the Veneto region of Italy by the
Fistly crushed cherry stones are macerated in alcohol and then
redistilled to produce an alcohol with a bitter almond flavor.
Marasca cherries are partially fermented and the fermentation is
stopped when there is still residual sugar, by the addition of
alcohol. This is then pressed out and the free run is used to produce
a sweet cherry brandy liqueur (Cherry Brandy). The alcohol which had
been redistilled from macerating crushed cherry stones is added to
this pressed cherry pomace and macerated for 2 months. Then it is
redistilled and aged for 3 years in ash vats. The final alcohol
content is 32%.
Kirsch is a clear, non sweet, eau-de-vie made from a sour or morello
cherry mash in a similar manner to calvados and slivovitz.