- dino=couple of excellent books brewing by hornsey isbn 0-85404-568-6
brewing by lewis and young, chapman and hall isbn 0-412-26420-x
dan=i would have very very grave doubts that ONLY corn [indian maize ] was used in the old days or even today as the starch requires conversion to a fermentable sugar [s] ,although i am an australian i have had quite some experience in the bourbon and rye whisky [whiskey] industries as a technical distiller [i still reckon rye whisky is outrageously under-rated] and corn needs either cane sugar to be fermented and the corn mainly adds only the flavour OR industrial enzymes to convert the corn starch OR as is modern practise UP TO 49% malted barley and/or some industrial enzymes ,atmospherically or pressure cooked and voila!!!!! lovely bourbon substrate
david=lid on /lid off won't affect [effect] [why is english so hard] the entrained air/oxygen balance after it's in solution and attenuating ,co2 gas being driven off will take care of any wild yeasts incoming , if bugs send a brew off the little bludgers were in there to start with,yes you are dead right it quickly trips from aerobic to anaerobic and as you wisely said if you want a massive yeast crop at the expense of ethanol just keep aerating the wort
steve =thankyou for the link on toluene this scandal in australia appears to be bigger than originally thought
ray=another formulation which is very accurate and ALLOWS for the less dense portion[ethanol] in an average solution of wash is the sum of the difference of the o.g.-f.g. i.e. 50 x0.129 =6.45
regards to all brian
Thanks for that. Sorry for being a bit thick but where did the 0.129
come from is it a constant like the 7.36 or is it arrived at some other
> ray=another formulation which is very accurate and ALLOWS for the--
> less dense portion[ethanol] in an average solution of wash is the sum
> of the difference of the o.g.-f.g. i.e. 50 x0.129 =6.45
Ray Toms Moonshine Supplies, Taupo. New Zealand.
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