- --- In Distillers@yahoogroups.com, king pin <kingpin_kingpin2001@y...>
> Thanks for all the info Adam, appreciate it! How long does the 2ndfermentation gen take?
It depends on a number of factors, but if you do a decent starter
culture (i.e. it has nutrient in it ) then it will be completed within
a week or two. However, the longer you leave it the better. Firstly
it takes at least a month or two for the yeast to flocculate (clump
together) enough so that when you open it, you don't end up with a
cloud of yeast rising with the bubbles. More importantly, a lot of
the flavours in champagne come from autolysis of the yeast (i.e. the
dead yeast cells breaking down). The best champagnes are left on
yeast lees for years.
I tend to use wait at least 3 months and up to 6 months before I open
either sparkling wines or ciders. Mind you I wait up to 18 months for
non-sparkling fruit or vegetable wines.