Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

China : 26 million rural migrants to the cities, returned home jobless

Expand Messages
  • Massimo
    Downturn in China leaves 26 million out of work http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/feb/02/china-unemployment-unrest Chen Xiwen, director at the Office of
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 2, 2009
    • 0 Attachment
      Downturn in China leaves 26 million out of work

      http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/feb/02/china-unemployment-unrest

      Chen Xiwen, director at the Office of the Central Leading Group on Rural
      Work,
      told a news conference that a government survey showed that 15.3% of an
      estimated
      130 million rural migrants to the cities had returned home jobless.
      Adding in new entrants
      to the rural labour market gave a total of around 26 million unemployed
      and potentially
      restive people in the countryside. Some economists believe this is an
      underestimate and
      say the real figure could ultimately reach 40 million.


      ---

      But where are these people going exactly??


      In China - officially 43 percent urban in 1993 - the number of official
      cities has soared from 193 to 640 since 1978,
      but the great metropolises, despite extraordinary growth, have actually
      declined in relative share of urban population.
      It is instead the small- to medium-sized cities and recently 'city-ized'
      towns that have absorbed the majority of rural
      labor-power made redundant by post-1979 market reforms.

      The countryside is urbanizing in situ: villages become more like market
      and Xiang towns and countty towns and small cities
      become more like large cities. In many cases rural people no longer have
      to migrate to the cities, it migrates to them.
      The result of this collision between the rural and the urban in China...
      is a hermaphroditic landscape, a partially urbanized
      countryside that may be a significant new path of human settlement and
      development... a form neither urban nor rural but a
      blending of the two wherein a dense web of transactions ties large urban
      cores to their surrounding regions.

      German Architect and urban theorist Thomas Sieverts proposes that this
      diffuse urbanism, which he calls 'Zwischenstadt'
      (in-between city) is rapidly becoming the defining landscape of the
      twenty-first century regardless of earlier urban histories.

      Gregory Guldin "What's a peasant to do? Village becoming town in
      Southern China" Boulder (2001) p 13 - 17
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.