> >> When in his opinion does "A [in place of|instead of] B" mean "A *AND
> >> NOT* B" (i.e., where there was B, remove it, and in its place put A)
> >> and when does it mean "*EITHER* A *OR* B interchangeably"?
> SV> Can they ever mean the latter? If so, could you furnish me with
> SV> examples, to make that usage clearer to me? Thanks!
> That was why I asked. I wrote "in place of" meaning the former. And
> then you wrote "The two are not interchangeable." I hadn't said
> anything about interchangeability; I wrote only "in place of." Yet you
> appeared to have read me as saying something about mutual universal
> interchangeability rather than a sometimes better one-way substitution
> for an over-used and sometimes misplaced "influence."
Oh, I think I understand now. I suppose I thought that, by saying that
'affected' could be used in place of 'influenced', you implied that the two
words were exact synonyms -- and thus could be used interchangeably.