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NY Transfer's RHC News Update-31 May 2001

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    Via NY Transfer News * All the News That Doesn t Fit Radio Havana Cuba - News Update - 31 May 2001 . *CUBA DEPLORES PANAMA S REFUSAL TO EXTRADITE POSADA
    Message 1 of 1 , May 31, 2001
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      Via NY Transfer News * All the News That Doesn't Fit

      Radio Havana Cuba - News Update - 31 May 2001

      .

      *CUBA DEPLORES PANAMA'S REFUSAL TO EXTRADITE POSADA CARRILES

      *FIFTH US-CUBA BUSINESS MEETING SLATED FOR NEXT WEEK

      *VIETNAM AND CUBA CELEBRATE THEIR LONG-STANDING FRIENDSHIP

      *REMOTE CAMAGUEY SCHOOLS GET AUDIO-VISUAL EQUIPMENT

      *CUBA'S NEW MINISTRY AIMS TO STOP CORRUPTION BEFORE IT STARTS

      *JAZZ PIANIST CHUCHO VALDES THANKS PUERTO RICO FOR HONORING HIM

      *HUGO CHAVEZ URGES A UNITED VOICE AMONG G15 NATIONS

      *JEFFORDS RECEIVES DEATH THREATS AFTER LEAVING REPUBLICANS

      *NEW DETAILS ON THE CIA's ROLE IN TRUJILLO ASSASSINATION

      *CUBA OBSERVES "NON-SMOKING DAY"

      Viewpoint:

      *CUBA'S POPULATION TRENDS MIRROR DEMOGRAPHICS OF DEVELOPED WORLD

      .

      *CUBA DEPLORES PANAMA'S REFUSAL TO EXTRADITE POSADA CARRILES

      Havana, May 31 (RHC)--In light of the Panamanian government's continued
      refusal to extradite Cuban-born terrorist Luis Posada Carriles, Cuba has
      reiterated its condemnation of that decision.

      In April, the Panamanian foreign ministry officially communicated the
      decision to Cuban authorities. Havana responded on May 2nd in an official
      statement from the Cuban foreign ministry. On May 14th, Panama sent another
      official note attempting to justify its refusal to extradite Posada Carriles
      and three other terrorists of Cuban origin involved in an assassination plot
      against Cuban President Fidel Castro.

      The Cuban foreign ministry yesterday published its latest response,
      asserting that the Panamanian government has made a frivolous interpretation
      of its own legislation by insisting that the terrorists be tried in Panama.
      The statement points out that the Panamanian legislation in question clearly
      states that authorities can postpone extradition when the accused have been
      charged in Panama.

      On May 14th, Panama reiterated its argument concerning reciprocity due to
      Cuba's refusal in 1993 to extradite a Panamanian who had sought asylum in
      Cuba for political motives. The Cuban foreign ministry responded that the
      Panamanian in question was given safe conduct by Panamanian authorities
      themselves, and noted that charges of homicide against the individual only
      surfaced after he was in Cuba.

      The May 2nd Cuban foreign ministry statement had recalled that this
      Panamanian exile later returned to his country without being charged or
      arrested. Today's Cuban foreign ministry statement affirms the the
      interpretation of reciprocity by Panamanian authorities is arbitrary and
      superficial.

      Panamanian authorities have repeated their position that the extradition
      request isn't valid because Cuban authorities have not convicted and
      sentenced the terrorists. But the Cuban foreign ministry yesterday observed
      that, according to Panama's own legislation and the international Bustamante
      Code on extradition signed by both countries, extradition is valid when
      those requested have been sentenced, charged or sought.

      What has caused the greatest indignation among the Cuban people, says the
      foreign ministry, is Panama's insistence that Cuba has not presented
      evidence of the crimes the terrorists have committed. On the contrary, the
      statement says, Cuba has sent to Panama volumes of detailed information
      concerning the charges that Cuban authorities have issued against the four,
      for crimes against the Cuban people committed over the past more than 30
      years.

      Accusing Panama of lacking a political commitment to justice in the case,
      the Cuban Foreign Ministry expressed its serious doubt that Panamanian
      authorities will prosecute the four with the full weight of the law. The
      foreign ministry statement reiterates Cuba's position that Panama will be
      held responsible and complicit by the international community if the
      terrorists -- because of pressure from the US government and terrorist
      elements in Miami -- escape or evade justice for crimes that have cast into
      mourning dozens of Cuban families and millions of Cubans in general.


      *FIFTH US-CUBA BUSINESS MEETING SLATED FOR NEXT WEEK

      Havana, May 31 (RHC)--Cuban and US business representatives are scheduled to
      meet in Cancun and Havana between June 6-June 9. This will be the fifth
      US-Cuba business encounter, in which participants will exchange information
      on the Cuban business scene.

      More than 50 US business people will first get together in Cancun and then
      travel to Havana where they will have the opportunity to talk with Cuban
      officials. the upcoming meeting will allow US business people to examine
      Cuba's economic system first-hand and to evaluate business possibilities on
      the island.

      Despite Washington's economic blockade against Cuba, or perhaps because of
      it, more and more entrepreneurs from the United States are eager to
      establish relations with businesses on the island.


      *VIETNAM AND CUBA CELEBRATE THEIR LONG-STANDING FRIENDSHIP

      Havana, May 31 (RHC)--Relations between Havana and Hanoi continue to
      strengthen, with meetings of the 19th Session of the Mixed
      Inter-governmental Commission underway here in the Cuban capital.

      During a ceremony held at the Vietnamese Embassy in Havana Rosa Elena
      Simenon, Cuba's Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment was
      awarded the Medal of Development, Science and Technology by her Vietnamese
      counterpart. Expressing her thanks for the distinction, the Cuban minister
      said that the medal was a symbol of the traditional friendship between the
      peoples of Cuba and Vietnam, "showing how it is possible to establish the
      globalization of solidarity between our peoples."

      Simenon said that in the coming months and years, Cuba and Vietnam will
      continue to work together to cooperate in new scientific technologies.


      *REMOTE CAMAGUEY SCHOOLS GET AUDIO-VISUAL EQUIPMENT

      Camaguey, May 31 (RHC)-- With the objective of enhancing the quality of
      education, the Cuban Ministry of Education has delivered new television sets
      and video equipment to area schools in the central province of Camaguey.
      More than 2000 TV sets and 1960 video recorders are now installed in all of
      the primary schools, high schools and educational centers of the area.

      Local officials said that to make use of the new equipment, it was first
      necessary to hook up 60 schools with electricity. The schools -- located in
      remote, mountainous regions of the province -- had previously operated only
      during the day with natural sunlight. Now, children from rural areas will be
      able to benefit from the educational tools of television and video.

      Camaguey is the third province to provide all schools with audio-visual
      equipment. There are currently more than 1000 teachers and advisors working
      in the Ministry of Education's program to raise the level of education in
      this part of the island.


      *CUBA'S NEW MINISTRY AIMS TO STOP CORRUPTION BEFORE IT STARTS

      Havana, May 31 (RHC)--Addressing participants of an international meeting of
      anti-corruption specialists here in Havana, Lina Pedraza, the new Minister
      of Audit and Control, said that corruption is not a major social phenomenon
      in Cuba.

      Cuba is seeking international cooperation in the fight against money
      laundering and other forms of corruption at the conference, attended by
      specialists from other Latin American countries as well as Africa, Asia and
      Europe,

      The Minister said that although corruption is not found at high levels of
      government -- a claim supported by foreign diplomats and business interests
      -- it is present in middle-level government as well as in both national and
      foreign firms.

      While corruption in Cuba has not reached a level of serious concern, the new
      Ministry of Audit and Control was established to combat corruption on every
      level and to prevent possible acts of corruption by various means, including
      addressing vulnerable aspects of the nation's economy. Pedraza said the new
      ministry is prepared to deal with any situation relating to corruption, on
      any level.


      *JAZZ PIANIST CHUCHO VALDES THANKS PUERTO RICO FOR HONORING HIM

      San Juan, May 31 (RHC)--Internationally renowned pianist and composer Chucho
      Valdes has expressed his great pleasure upon receiving special recognition
      from the Puerto Rican Senate. The Cuban musician spoke with reporters in San
      Juan at the opening of Jazz Fest 2001 -- where he was honored for his
      spectacular musical career, spanning more than 40 years.

      Chucho Valdes said he was honored by the tribute rendered to him by the
      Puerto Rican Senate earlier this week, which "was something I will never
      forget." The Puerto Rican daily "El Nuevo Dia" declared that dedicating the
      Puerto Rico Heineken Jazz Fest 2001 to him was a "fine tribute" to Valdes.


      *HUGO CHAVEZ URGES A UNITED VOICE AMONG G15 NATIONS

      Jakarta, May 31 (RHC)--Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has called on the
      Group of 15 developing nations to unite and become strong so that the rich
      industrialized north will listen to their voices. Chavez, who delivered the
      closing speech Thursday at the G-15's 11th summit in Jakarta, Indonesia,
      said the north-south dialogue is like a solemn procession in the desert,
      with the north deaf and sometimes even mute.

      At the Venezuelan president's insistence, the 19 countries now making up the
      G-15 delayed sessions for the final draft of its first joint declaration
      since the organization was founded in 1989. At the center of the joint
      declaration is the call on the industrialized north to share its informatics
      and communications technology with the south so as to narrow the growing gap
      between rich and poor nations in this area.

      But Chavez insisted on more than just a statement, obtaining the formation
      of a G-15 work commission to pursue the acquisition of the new technologies.
      The Jakarta Declaration also focuses on the risks and inequities of
      globalization, calling on the industrialized north to give an example of its
      commitment to free trade by eliminating their subsidies and adopting
      protectionist measures in sectors like agriculture and textiles.

      Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez blasted what he called efforts by the
      industrialized nations and the World Trade Organization to impose unjust
      trade relations on developing countries. Next year, Caracas will be the site
      of the 12th G-15 summit.


      *JEFFORDS RECEIVES DEATH THREATS AFTER LEAVING REPUBLICANS

      Washington, May 31 (RHC)--U.S. Senator James Jeffords has received death
      threats following his defection from the Republican Party, according to the
      news daily "USA Today." The newspaper reports that Jeffords is under the
      protection of plainclothes police officers. Washington, DC Police Chief Dan
      Nichols refused to comment.

      Jeffords announced his decision to abandon the Republican Party last week
      due to what he called his persistent differences with the George Bush
      administration on numerous issues, including the environment and Star Wars.
      A week later, Republican attacks against Jeffords have reportedly
      intensified.

      Out-going Republican Senate leader Trent Lott, who has to turn over the post
      to the Democrats because of Jeffords' defection, said the decision of one
      man has trampled on the will of the American people, calling the decision a
      "solitary coup d'etat."

      Democratic control of the Senate is expected to cause serious problems for
      Bush's legislative agenda. The Democrats will now control key committee
      chairs, and as such will be able to prioritize their own agenda while
      blocking that of the Republicans.


      *NEW DETAILS ON THE CIA's ROLE IN TRUJILLO ASSASSINATION

      Santo Domingo, May 31 (RHC)--A former U.S. diplomat has revealed further
      information concerning the CIA's role in the assassination 40 years ago of
      Dominican dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.

      Henry Dearborn, business attache in the U.S. embassy in Santo Domingo at the
      time of the assassination, told the Dominican newspaper "El Caribe" that the
      CIA was initially against killing Trujillo, fearing that his removal would
      lead to the establishment of a progressive government in the Dominican
      Republic -- particularly following the Cuban Revolution and the failed US
      invasion at the Bay of Pigs.

      Dearborn asserted that the CIA was later convinced that it couldn't prevent
      the assassination plot and agreed to cooperate. Numerous historians and
      investigative reporters, however, have insisted that Washington --
      embarrassed by its support of Trujillo's bloody, 31-year dictatorship -- saw
      no other alternative.

      The former US diplomat said that a little less than two months before
      Trujillo was gunned down by seven assailants, the CIA gave him three M-1
      rifles to deliver to the assassins. Dearborn said that, nevertheless, Robert
      Kennedy -- advisor to his brother on Caribbean affairs -- was in favor of
      invading the Dominican Republic following Trujillo's assassination on May
      30th, 1961.

      Trujillo's death led to the setting up of a civilian-military junta to
      govern the country, but the dictator's repressive apparatus acted quickly
      -- killing or arresting five of the seven conspirators just hours after the
      assassination. When nationalist members of the Dominican military, together
      with other progressive forces, staged an armed uprising in 1965, Washington
      invaded the country with 35,000 troops.


      *CUBA OBSERVES "NON-SMOKING DAY"

      Havana, May 31 (RHC)--Cuba, the producer of perhaps the world's best
      tobacco, is also one of the 191 members of the World Health Organization
      supporting efforts to combat the habit.

      For quite a number of years, Cuba has marked May 31st, "International
      Non-Smoking Day," with special radio and television programs to encourage
      people to quit.

      In 1995, Cuba implemented a national program to prevent and control tobacco
      consumption.

      .

      Viewpoint:

      *CUBA'S POPULATION TRENDS MIRROR DEMOGRAPHICS OF DEVELOPED WORLD

      Cuba's demographic profile, after forty years of revolutionary process, was
      recently examined on the daily broadcast Roundtable.

      Before the Revolution, population growth was an urban phenomenon, centered
      mostly in Havana where industry and small business became rapidly saturated
      with workers. This resulted in the rapid growth of an informal sector,
      overcrowded living conditions and a substantial increase in delinquency.

      The capital and other major cities in Cuba, similar to urban centers in
      other countries today, suffered a lack of basic services such as medical
      attention, education, and social security, result in unemployment and the
      proliferation of problems such as prostitution, begging, and thousands of
      desperate people wandering the streets.

      In the 1970s, Cuba achieved what is called a "period of demographic
      transition" -- the island attained a balance in its population growth. In
      this sense, Cuba's demographic make-up corresponds to that established by
      international organizations according to national characteristics.

      The Cuban population is currently 52 percent women and 48 percent men.
      Excessive male mortality, an international phenomenon, has been reflected on
      the island since 1999.

      The consequence of low population growth is reflected in a progressive
      increase in Cubans who are over 60. This situation -- attributed to a
      combination of high educational levels, women's reproductive freedom and
      economic constraints -- has prompted Cuban authorities to carry out special
      studies with a view to maintaining a viable population balance.

      Despite recent economic difficulties, the Cuban government has managed to
      intensify agricultural and industrial production, which has helped to stem
      immigration from the countryside to the major cities, a phenomenon very
      prevalent in Latin America and other Third World countries.

      So in spite of Cuba's underdeveloped status and in spite of the economic
      blockade that has so badly affected the well-being of the population, the
      island's demographics exhibit the characteristics of First World nations:
      low population growth and movement within the country.

      Next year, Cuba will conduct its national census, which will give the
      government more precise information on the make-up of Cuban society, its
      distribution and living conditions. The results will help in planning
      projects to advance Cuban society and further improve the quality of life of
      the island's people.

      (c) 2001 Radio Habana Cuba, NY Transfer News. All rights reserved.

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