NEWS ONE: How The CIA Created The Jamaican Shower Posse
How The CIA Created The Jamaican Shower Posse
Yesterday at 3:27pm
By Casey Gane-McCalla June 3, 2010 2:06 pm
CIA Shower Posse
With the recent violence in Jamaica and the controversy over alleged drug
lord, Christopher �Dudus� Coke, many people are talking about the infamous
Jamaican Shower Posse and the neighborhood of Tivoli Gardens, where they
have their base. What is being is being ignored largely by the media, is the
role that the American government and the CIA had in training, arming and
giving power to the Shower Posse.
It is interesting that the USA is indicting Christopher �Dudus� Coke, the
current leader of the Shower Posse for drug and gun trafficking, given that
the CIA was accused of smuggling guns into Jamaica and facilitating the
cocaine trade from Jamaica to America in the 70s and 80s. In many ways Dudus
was only carrying on a tradition of political corruption, drug running, guns
and violence that was started with the help of the CIA.
Christopher �Dudus� Coke�s father was was Lester Coke, also known as Jim
Brown, one of the founders of the Shower Posse and a fellow champion and
protector of the impoverished Tivoli Gardens neighborhood in Kingston. Coke
was a political enforcer and bodyguard to Edward Seaga, the leader of the
Jamaican Labour Party.
Seaga�s opponent Michael Manley had begun to adopt �socialist� stances and
began openly criticizing American foreign policies and meeting with U.S.
enemy, Fidel Castro, in the 1970s. Given the cold war the US was having with
Russia, the CIA did not want Jamaica to be friendly with communists.
According to Gary Webb�s book,�The Dark Alliance,� Norman Descoteaux, the
CIA station chief in Jamaica began a destabilization program of the Manley
government in late 70s. Part of that plan was assassinations, money for the
Jamaican Labour Party, labor unrest, bribery and shipping weapons to
Manley�s opponents, like Lester �Jim Brown� Coke.
Author, Daurius Figueira writes in his book, �Cocaine And Heroin Trafficking
In The Caribbean,� �In fact, it meant that illicit drug runners linked to
the JLP were integrated into a CIA linked illicit drugs guns and criminal
One of Lester Coke�s associates, Cecil Connor, would claim that he was
trained by the CIA to fight political wars for the JLP through killing and
spying. Connor would stuff ballot boxes and intimidate voters to help the
JLP win elections. Connor would go on from being a political thug to being
part of the international Jamaican based cocaine ring known as the Shower
Posse. He wound up testifying against Lester Coke and his cohort Vivian
Blake, only to return to his native St. Kitts to become a drug kingpin who
almost held the country hostage.
Christopher �Dudus� Coke�s father, Lester Coke has also been accused of
working with the CIA. Timothy White speculates, in his biography of Bob
Marley, �Catch A Fire,� that Jim Brown was part of a team of armed gunman
that attempted to assassinate Bob Marley led by JLP enforcer Carl �Byah�
Mitchell. Authors Laurie Gunst and Vivien Goldman also make the same
assertions in their books, �Born Fi Dead� and �The Book Of Exodus.� Marley�s
manager Don Taylor claims that one of Marley�s attackers was captured and
admitted that the CIA had agreed to pay him in cocaine and guns to kill
Lester Coke would later be burned to death in a Jamaican jail cell, while
awaiting extradition the the United States. Many people have claimed that he
was killed so he wouldn�t reveal his secrets dealing with the CIA, JLP and
In its efforts to destabilize the Jamaican government in the 1970s, the CIA
created a group of drug dealing, gun running, political criminals. Through
the cocaine trade, these criminals would eventually become more powerful
than the politicians they were connected to. The CIA destabilization program
did not only destabilize Jamaica in the 70s, but it destabilized Jamaica for
the next 40 years.
Given the secrecy of both CIA and Jamaican society, it is unclear exactly
what was the CIA�s role in creating the Shower Posse. Did they give them
guns? Were they given cocaine? Were they trained how to smuggle drugs? Did
the CIA use the Shower Posse to try and kill Bob Marley? These are all
questions that the CIA should answer.
If what is alleged about the CIA is true, then they are partially
responsible for the cycle of gun trafficking, gun smuggling and violence
that plagues Jamaica today. If the US can extradite the son of one of the
CIA�s political enforcers for trafficking guns and cocaine, shouldn�t the
CIA be investigated for training Jamaicans on how to conduct political
warfare, arming them, giving them cocaine and helping them traffic it? Given
the revelation that the CIA allowed Nicaraguan drug dealers to sell cocaine
in the US to fund their revolution against their communist government, it is
not that far fetched to believe that they would arm Jamaicans to with guns
and give them cocaine to fight communists in Jamaica.
UWI Trinidad & Tobago
Visit my blog at http://normangirvan.info
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