This is a combo picture of the Coma Cluster with the red color representing intense X-rays. The white and blue objects (except for the stars with diffraction spikes) are galaxies imaged by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. (Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/MPE/J. Sanders et al; Optical: SDSS)
Astronomers estimate that more than a thousand galaxies surround two giant ellipticals in the Coma Cluster. Galaxy clusters are normally awash with X-rays, with the most intense rays near the central ellipticals. In the Coma, however, the Chandra telescope detected X-ray filaments containing strings of galaxies. It achieved these deep views with extra long exposures. Astronomers filtered out the less energetic X-rays, which revealed the X-ray tendrils.
Astronomers estimate the diameter of the Coma cluster at about 25 million light years. The standard astronomical story is that stars accreted from dust, then gathered into small galaxies that gravitated into clusters. How could galaxies so far apart gather together into suchan enormous structure? Why does the space around the galaxies shine with intense X-rays tendrils, yet the galaxies within the tendrils shine with less energetic light? The journal Science claims that the clusteris in motion and a head wind stripped gas from the galaxies and the stripped off gas shines in X-rays.
The creation account and the visible history of the universe helps us filter out ad hoc scientific stories like: a big bang; stars and galaxies accreted from space dust; galaxy clusters contain 95% invisible matter or near-vacuum head winds strips off gas.
First (Hebrew word bereshit) God created (completion) the plural heavens and the Earth (the entire universe). And the Earth is (completed verb) unformed. How did the Earth that was complete, but unformed, receive form? Elohim’s wind dithered in unbroken continuity above the dark surface and He continued to command light to continue to be. Indeed, light continually dithers around internal to all matter. Modern atoms contain more than ~10,000 times the volume of their active parts as light continues to give form to matter.
Half way through the Creation week, God continued (Hebrew imperfect verb) to form the Sun, Moon and stars (the lights in the heavens) and continued (imperfect verb) to place them in the place-that-spreads-out (Hebrew noun raqiya). Several Old Testament passages explain that God continues, in unbroken continuity, to spread out the plural heavens. The New Testament also affirms that the plural heavens are out-old (ekpalai – 2 Peter 3:5).
What we SEE in cosmic history affirms the literal creation account. We see globs packed with tiny, close-together stars emerging from the core of many early galaxies. Evidently they continue to emerge from the unformed matter God created first. Perhaps the bursts of gamma light, that periodically arrives from the early universe, are God’s continuing commands for light to continue to be, thus giving form to matter. At many ranges, jets emerge from stars to form nebulae, quasars emerge from active galaxies and long strings of smaller galaxies emerge from ancient, giant ellipticals. The Coma Cluster evidently emerged from vast amounts of unformed matter in the two giant ellipticals at the core of the cluster. The X-rays tendrils are evidence for energetic ejections. Even small Milky Way companion galaxies are connected back to us with rivers of neutral hydrogen. This is evidence that they were ejected from the unformed matter at the Milky Way's core.
Why is it so difficult for scientists to admit the only history that is visible as it happens: galactic history? Why do they insist on the accretion of everything from space dust? Why do they invent five times as much magical, invisible matter as the natural, visible kind? Why do they speculate that the vacuum of space time bends orbits, pushes galaxies and stretches all light passing through the void? All scientists have a historical creed, which is the basis for their physics definitions, most of their empirical measuring units and their mathematical laws.
What creed? The Bible predicts that in the last days mockers will come with an arche ktiseous (first law) that all things remain the same 2 Peter 3:3-5. Indeed, western science was founded on amedieval assumption that the properties of matter are fixed, not continually emerging. With telescopes we observe how the properties of matter continue to change relationally, throughout cosmic history.
Someone might insist that hundreds of billions of galaxies could not have formed into giant spirals in only 6,000 years. Please lookat the universe with sight, instead of speculations about the existence of linear time. Visibly, the atomic clocks accelerate along with the outward accelerating star streams as billions of galaxies grew into huge growth spirals. Even local atomic clocks, when compared to their transponded reflections from hours ago (Pioneer Anomaly), are accelerating at about the same ratio relative to distance (the Hubble ratio) as we observe in hundreds of billions of ancient galaxies. A few thousand years ago our ancestors recorded close planet passages (which the Bible also mentions). They recorded how the early people lived for geological ages (see Job 14). Evidently everything changes, clocks and orbits together, and this has been happening for a great while.
Lift up your eyes and look at galactic history! Glorify the Creator whose Creation will vanquish western science.
Victor, Changing Earth Creationist