- Christians often interpret creation with tradition. The word for finish on the seventh day, in the Latin Vulgate, is perfecti, a perfect verb suggesting that the finishing is complete. The verb appears twice in the Hebrew text but it is in the imperfect form.
Genesis 2:1 - 4 Thus the heavens and the earth were passively continuing to complete (pual imperfect) and all their hosts. By the seventh day God continued to complete (piel imperfect) His work which He had done, and He continued to rest on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God continued to bless the seventh day and continued to sanctify it, because in it He rested (completion) from all His work which God had created (completion) and been making (infinitive). This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were passively creating (infinitive), in the day that the LORD God was making (infinitive) earth and heaven.
In English you cannot be finishing what is finished and you cannot be doing what is done because “finish” and “done” are referenced to time. Ancient Hebrew did not have past, present or future verbs nor did the ancients think of time as an actuality. In Hebrew, to finish is referenced to actions, not time. One can continue to finish what is finished because major aspects of the finishing are complete but others are not.
Verse one is about the heavens and the earth and their hosts. The finishing verb (kalah) is pual that indicates an intense action: something becoming stronger, more in number or more real. However, the verb is also passive imperfect. God is not making the heavens and the earth more in number, stronger or more real, yet the finishing passively continues.
In verse two, God ended (same kalah root) His work and rested on the seventh day. Here the verb for finish is piel. The intensive action of making the heavens and earth more in number, stronger or more real ended. The verb is imperfect showing that the finishing of creation continues but not with the intensity of the six days.
Do other texts support the imperfect finishing verbs? Hebrews 4:3 His works were finished from the foundation of the cosmos. The context mentions the seventh day, so the days of creation are in view. The word finished is an aorist, passive-deponent participle. Aorists are tenseless verbs, similar to the Hebrew verbs in the Genesis account. The deponent participle shows both active and passive characteristics and the participle means finishing, not entirely finished. When the Jews accused Jesus of violating the Sabbath, He said my Father continues to work (passive) until now. The Father works even on the Sabbath, so God’s rest is a lowering of activity, not inaction.
In Exodus 20:11 In six days God made (perfect) the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them. Therefore He blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. The perfect is not past. His rest on the seventh day does not mean He stopped renewing, sustaining or changing creation.
Job 38:39-41 “Can you hunt the prey for the lion, Or satisfy the appetite of the young lions, When they crouch in their dens And lie in wait in their lair? Who prepares for the raven its nourishment When its young cry to God And wander about without food?” God takes credit for feeding lions and ravens, who were herbivores during the garden phase. Many parallel digestive and instinctive changes are necessary for a fruit eater to become a carnivore or an omnivore. Only God could make such changes. Job 12:10 “In whose hand is the life of every living thing, And the breath of all mankind?” Jesus said not one sparrow will fall without your Father. (Matthew 10:29 the middle deponent for fall does not mean He made the sparrow fall).
God is not making new kinds of animals, so the intensity of creating life ended. When Adam sinned, God cursed all the animals and the ground with a passive curse. The resulting degenerative changes occur naturally (passively). However, He is changing animals so they can continue to live when environments change. This is God’s providential care, not random, evolutionary speciation. “He is good to all and His mercies are over all His works (Psalm 145:9).
He also claims to be at work in physics. Psalms 136:6 “To Him who spreads out (in unbroken continuity) the earth above the waters, For His loving kindness is everlasting.” A global expansion seam in the sea floor emits basalt along the length of the seam. The oldest seafloor is adjacent to the continents and the youngest alongside the seam. The continents only fit together on a tiny globe without major surface seas. The theory of subduction is denied by the absence of scrapped off marine oozes or sea mounts in the trenches where the earth is alleged to swallow its crust. A God who claims to spread out the earth in unbroken continuity is not completely at rest.
Day seven mentions the heavens and their hosts. Isaiah 44:24 “I am the Lord who (actively in unbroken continuity) makes all things, stretching out the heavens and spreading out the earth all alone.” Isaiah 40:22 He claims to, actively in unbroken continuity, stretch the heavens and the earth. In Isaiah 40:26, He continues, in unbroken continuity, to call the hosts of stars to come out by name, none go missing. His glory is available for all to see in the plural heavens, the spreading place (Psalm 19:1-2). Galactic history is the most powerful evidence for a literal creation. Beginning on day four, He continued to form the Sun, Moon and stars and continued to place them in the spreading place. The earliest galaxies seem to be elliptical, galaxies that do not rotate. Around the giant ellipticals we observe strings of equally-spaced spreading-out, naked galaxies. We also find midget galaxies linked back to our Milky way with streams of neutral hydrogen, evidence that they also were ejected. The multiplication of galaxies may be evidence of what happened between day four and day six. The stars continuing to emerge and spread out as billions of galaxies grew into huge growth spirals is evidence that He continues to call the stars to come out. Evidently He finished the intensity of multiplying the hosts of heaven by day six, but He continues to call the stars to come out, yet not star goes missing. Someone might claim, galaxies cannot grow in only 6,000 years. Please observe that the atomic clocks and the stars streams are both accelerating. The western concept of linear time is denied by the clocks and the star streams changing together.
Abell 370 is a galaxy cluster whose light shines at 73% of the frequencies of modern atoms. Notice two small galaxies, one at the end of a jet, emerging from the one of the giant ellipticals. The spiral galaxy with the long tail is known as the Dragon. A tail of stars and gas have emerged from this galaxy and threaded past four small galaxies. The presence of OII in the tail shows that it is a single object that shines at 57 % of the frequencies of modern atoms. Stars emerging and spreading out while shining at different clock frequencies does not fit the laws of physics. Scientists may claim 20 times as much invisible matter (as what is visible) is bending the light and distorting the scene.