Vesta - shattered planet?
- NASA's Dawn spacecraft spent a year orbiting the asteroid Vesta that has a mean diameter of 525 miles. Vesta may have a nickel-iron core and a thick crust of volcanic lava. It has parallel groves circling the equator that are kilometers deep and hundreds of kilometer long. It also has huge cavities at both poles. The south pole depression, (Rheasilivia), takes up most of one hemisphere and its central peak rises to three times the height of mount Everest.
Dawn carries a spectrometer that detects neutrons dislodged by cosmic rays from rocks within a meter of the surface. According to two articles in Science, Dawn found the signature of hydrated rocks, especially around the equatorial regions. It photographed potholes at the bottom of some deep craters, evidently formed as water evaporated. Some of the sinkholes are a kilometer wide and 200 meters deep. NASA's Stardust mission also found flat-bottomed depressions with sheer walls up to 2 kilometers across on the comet Wild 2. The lowest valleys on the asteroid 433-Eros have concentric rings around flat-bottomed dust ponds. Mars has many sinkholes that are evidence that it once was wet but has dried a great deal.
The accompanying photo from NASA, shows the ~70 kilometer wide Marcia crater.
In the picture, red is the presence of hydrated minerals. Notice that the hydrogen signatures are strong at the bottom of the depression and radiate outward. Marcia's slopes have bright material exposed by downward slumping. Could the crater be a sinkhole formed by evaporating water? Wild-2 contained iron and copper sulfide crystals (cubanite) that form underground in hot water. How could a frozen comet at one time have had hot water percolating through rocks?
Biblical earth history is remarkably different from scientific stories. The Bible mentions the crushing of a planet four times, at least if you interpret it as an ancient person would have understood it. All ancient societies mentioned the destruction of a watery planet. The Enuma Elish tablets tell how Marduk (Jupiter) sent in the north wind (one of his moons?) to smash the planet Tiamat. The name Tiamat is related to the Akkadian word for seas, tiamtum. A similar Semitic word, tehom, means subterranean seas. Marduk's triumph over Tiamat is associated with a long-necked dragon whose image is preserved in the tiles of Babylon's Ishtar gate. In the Canaanite account, Baal (Jupiter) crushed of the sea goddess Yam produced a seven headed sea-dragon, Latan. The biblical accounts of a planet crushing use the name Rahab (mighty stormy). (In Hebrew, Rahab the planet is not spelled the same as the woman.) The Bible also uses the imagery of a sea serpent. Isaiah 51 says the Lord cut Rahab in pieces and pierced the dragon in the ancient time, the generations of long ago. Psalms 89 says it was the Lord who broke Rahab in pieces. Job mentions the shattering of Rahab twice, the fleeing serpent. When Rahab was crushed, the sea quieted and the heavens cleared. If a great watery planet was crushed, each major piece would sport a vapor tail as water evaporated into space. To the ancients, this may have looked like a multi-headed serpent.
A scientifically minded person might ask, What changed that planets no longer orbit close to Earth? That's the wrong question. You should ask, what did not change? In hundreds of billions of galaxies, we observe that none of them shines with the light frequencies of modern atoms. We also observe how the space matter takes up and its inertial properties change as billions of galaxies intrinsically grew into huge, local, growth spirals. The atomic clocks, the inertial properties and the space matter takes up all changed together (relationally) as galaxies grew. What we see fits biblical cosmic history. The Creator claims He is the One who continually calls the stars to emerge, although none goes missing. According to the Hebrew text of Genesis, He continued to place the Sun, Moon and stars in the spreading place, raqiya.
Why then do scientists measure clock-like orbits? Scientific empiricism is founded upon a basic assumption. Scientists operationally define undetectable things with an assumption, things like mass, energy and time. Then they circle back to invent laws of physics and mathematical methods with the same assumption. A fisherman disciple of Jesus predicted that in the last days mockers will come with a first law (arche ktiseous). They will obfuscate the age of the plural heavens with their first law. What first law? The presumption that all things remain the same, that the properties of matter are fixed, not emerging. Galaxies cannot intrinsically grow from tiny naked objects to huge spread out growth spirals, unless the properties of matter are continually changing. Carefully examine your first law.