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Fw: SciDev.Net Weekly Update: 27 November - 4 December 2006

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  • npat1
    ... THE ITEMS BELOW HAVE BEEN POSTED ON http://www.scidev.net OVER THE PAST WEEK. R&D Sub-Saharan Africa spotlight http://www.scidev.net/randd/subsahara
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 4, 2006
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      ---------- Forwarded Message ----------
      THE ITEMS BELOW HAVE BEEN POSTED ON http://www.scidev.net OVER THE
      PAST WEEK.

      R&D Sub-Saharan Africa spotlight
      http://www.scidev.net/randd/subsahara
      Sub-Saharan Africa must improve its scientific and technological
      capacity if it is to boost social and economic development.
      SciDev.Net's new research and development spotlight provides relevant
      articles, background reading and links on the issues at hand.


      ========================================
      NEWS
      ========================================

      Ministers propose 2007 as 'year of science' in Africa
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3258&language=1
      African science ministers have chosen proposals that will be presented
      at the African Union summit to promote science on the continent.

      Scientists push open access for developing nations
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3251&language=1
      Scientists have created a draft national policy that they hope will
      promote open access if adopted in developing countries.

      Satellite data-sharing to benefit poorer nations
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3253&language=1
      A new data-pooling system will make data from satellites run by China,
      Europe and the United States available for a fee of US$1,500.

      Old-growth forests 'are key carbon sinks'
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3259&language=1
      Forests more than a century old store far more carbon than thought �
      which could make them valuable on the carbon market, say researchers.

      Poor countries to benefit from vaccine fund
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3256&language=1
      An international health alliance has launched a scheme to speed access
      to cheap vaccines against rotavirus and pneumococcal disease.

      Anti-TB drug 'could reduce HIV/AIDS deaths'
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3254&language=1
      Research in South Africa indicates that giving HIV-positive children a
      cheap anti-TB drug halved the number of deaths.

      Indian monsoon 'intensified by climate change'
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3260&language=1
      A study suggests global warming is driving heavier regional rainfall
      in Central India, warning of environmental and socio-economic damages.

      Africa-South America to boost science cooperation
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3257&language=1
      In an effort to combine resources and influence, countries will boost
      cooperation activities in areas of mutual interest, including science.

      Bird flu update: 4 December 2006
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3261&language=1
      A roundup of the latest news on the spread of the bird flu virus and
      the threat to human health.

      Brazil identifies genes of bacteria used for TB vaccine
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3252&language=1
      Researchers have unraveled the DNA of bacteria used in the BCG
      tuberculosis vaccine, to improve vaccine quality in production.

      OTHER NEWS

      Uruguay to invest US$100 million in innovation
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3250&language=2
      The Uruguayan government says it will spend US$100 million on
      technological innovation for the period 2007-2011. [Spanish Full Text]

      Peru to promote patenting of scientific discoveries
      http://www.scidev.net/News/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readNews&itemid=3255&language=2
      The National Council for Science and Technology has announced a
      strategy to encourage Peruvian scientists to patent their findings.
      [Spanish Full Text]


      ========================================
      FEATURES
      ========================================

      A fresh start: South Africa's war on HIV/AIDS
      http://www.scidev.net/Features/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readFeatures&itemid=567&language=1
      South Africa has unveiled a new plan for tackling HIV/AIDS, seeking to
      end the controversy of the recent past, reports Robert Koenig.
      [Source: Science]

      Hydropower: a greenhouse gas culprit?
      http://www.scidev.net/Features/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readFeatures&itemid=566&language=1
      Tropical reservoirs might release more greenhouse gas than fossil-fuel
      power stations � a potential blow to future hydropower projects.
      [Source: Nature]


      ========================================
      OPINIONS
      ========================================

      A science culture is key to Ghana's development
      http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readOpinions&itemid=544&language=1
      To fight poverty and participate in a technological future, Ghana must
      start instilling scientific values throughout its culture, says George
      Essegbey.

      Don't make a fetish out of R&D spending
      http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readOpinions&itemid=543&language=1
      R&D is not a magic wand to boost economic growth, argues Banji
      Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, and focusing on it can crowd out other key
      activities.

      University-industry links: lessons from South Africa
      http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readOpinions&itemid=542&language=1
      South Africa's best university-industry research networks support
      industry while maintaining their academic integrity. Other countries
      can learn from their experience, says Glenda Kruss.

      Time for home-grown drug development in Brazil
      http://www.scidev.net/Opinions/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readOpinions&itemid=545&language=2
      Eliezer Barreiro argues that Brazil should invest in drug development
      using local materials and talent to reduce its reliance on imports.
      [Source: Agencia FAPESP] [Spanish Full Text]


      ========================================
      POLICY BRIEFS
      ========================================

      Fostering technological capabilities in sub-Saharan Africa
      http://www.scidev.net/dossiers/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=policybrief&dossier=13&policy=133
      Manufacturers in sub-Saharan Africa need policy support at all levels
      if their technological capabilities are to catch up with other
      developing countries. Carlo Pietrobelli looks at problems and
      solutions.


      ========================================
      LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
      ========================================

      GM bananas to fight wilt in Africa
      http://www.scidev.net/editorletters/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readeditorletter&itemid=106&language=1
      Leena Tripathi and colleagues argue that transgenic banana varieties
      could provide a reasonable and sustainable way to fight banana
      xanthomonas wilt.


      ========================================
      JOBS
      ========================================

      Project manager - integrated data and information systems
      http://www.scidev.net/jobs/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readjob&itemid=666&language=1
      Organisation: International Water Management Institute
      Location: Colombo, Sri Lanka

      Water research science researcher
      http://www.scidev.net/jobs/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readjob&itemid=665&language=1
      Organisation: International Water Management Institute
      Location: Tehran, Iran


      ========================================
      ANNOUNCEMENTS
      ========================================

      SciDev.Net's trustee wins science award
      http://www.scidev.net/announcements/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readannouncement&itemid=534&language=1
      Organisation: Venezuelan Ministry of Science and Technology

      First German-Korean research training group
      http://www.scidev.net/announcements/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readannouncement&itemid=532&language=1
      Organisation: German Research Foundation and Korea Science and
      Engineering Foundation

      Aid Workers Network
      http://www.scidev.net/announcements/index.cfm?
      fuseaction=readannouncement&itemid=533&language=1
      Organisation: Aid Workers Network



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