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Fwd: RE: [CCG] Good example of an "accessable" article

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  • Pat Neuman
    ... From: ClimateConcern@yahoogroups.com [mailto:ClimateConcern@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Ross Mayhew Sent: Saturday, September 03, 2005 9:01 AM To:
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 3 2:29 PM
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      -----Original Message-----
      From: ClimateConcern@yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:ClimateConcern@yahoogroups.com]
      On Behalf Of Ross Mayhew
      Sent: Saturday, September 03, 2005 9:01 AM
      To: ClimateConcern@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [CCG] Good example of an "accessable" article

      Here is a good example which illustrates the kind of article which
      almost anyone can understand - no heavy-duty stats, no complicated
      analyses, and an emphasis upon how people's lives are being affected
      by clear evidence of climate change:


      Retreating Glaciers and Melting Permafrost Threaten Traditional
      Lifestyles of Arctic People

      September 02, 2005 - By Jan M. Olsen, Associated Press

      ILULISSAT, Greenland - Watching the gargantuan chunks of ice break
      off
      the Sermeq Kujalleq glacier and thunder into an Arctic fjord is a
      spectacular sight.

      To Greenland's Inuit population, it is also deeply worrisome. The
      frequency and size of the crumbling blocks are a powerful reminder
      that the ice sheet covering the world's largest island is thinning,
      which scientists say is one of the most glaring examples of global
      warming.

      "In the past we could walk on the ice in the fjord between the
      icebergs for a six-month period during the winter, drill holes and
      fish," said Joern Kristensen, a local fisherman. "We can only do that
      for a month or two now. It has become more difficult to drive dogs
      sleds because the ice between the icebergs isn't solid anymore."

      In 2002-2003, a 10-kilometer (six-mile) stretch of the Sermeq
      Kujalleq
      glacier broke off and drifted silently out of the fjord near
      Ilulissat, Greenland's third largest town, 250 kilometers (155 miles)
      north of the Arctic Circle.

      Although Greenland is the prime example, scientists say the effects
      of
      climate change are noticeable throughout the Arctic region, from the
      northward spread of spruce beetles in Canada to melting permafrost in
      Alaska and northern Russia.

      Indigenous people who for centuries have adapted their lives to the
      cold, fear that the changes, however small and gradual, could have a
      profound impact.

      "We can see a trend that the fall is getting longer and wetter," said
      Lars-Anders Baer, a political leader for Sweden's indigenous Sami, a
      once-nomadic people with a long tradition of reindeer herding.

      "If the climate gets warmer, it is probably bad for the reindeer. New
      species (of plants) come in and suffocate other plants that are the
      main food for the reindeer," he said.

      Rising temperatures are also a concern in the Yamalo-Nenets region in
      Western Siberia, said Alexandr Navyukhov, 49. He is an ethnic nenet,
      a
      group that mostly lives off hunting, fishing and deer breeding.

      "We now have breams in our river, which we didn't have in the past
      because that fish is typical for warmer regions," he said. "On the
      one
      hand it may look like good news, but breams are predatory fish that
      prey upon fish eggs, often of rare kinds of fish."

      Melting permafrost has damaged hundreds of buildings, railway lines,
      airport runways and gas pipelines in Russia, according to the Arctic
      Climate Impact Assessment, a report commissioned by the Arctic
      Council
      and released in 2004.

      Research has also shown that populations of turbot, Atlantic cod and
      snow crab are no longer found in some parts of the Bering Sea, an
      important fishing zone between Alaska and Russia, and that flooding
      along the Lena River, one of Siberia's biggest, has increased with
      warming temperatures.

      In Greenland, Anthon Utuaq, a 68-year-old retired hunter, said he is
      worried a warmer climate will make it more difficult for his son to
      continue the family trade.

      "Maybe it will be difficult for him to find the seals," Utuaq said,
      resting on a bench in the east coast town of Kulusuk. "They will head
      north to colder places if it gets warmer."

      Arctic sea ice has decreased by approximately 8 percent, or nearly 1
      million square kilometers (386,1000 square miles) over the past 30
      years.

      In Sisimiut, Greenland's second-largest town, lakes have doubled in
      size in the last decade.

      "Greenland was perceived as this huge solid place that would never
      melt," said Robert Corell of the American Meteorological
      Society. "The
      evidence is now so strong that the scientific community is convinced
      that global warming is the cause."

      Climate change has been a hotly discussed issue for decades, but
      efforts to fight it have moved slowly. There is not even unanimity on
      how much of the problem is a result of human activity, notably the
      burning of fossil fuels, and how much of it can be attributed to
      natural processes.

      "We know that temperatures have gone up and it's partly caused by
      man.
      But let's hold our horses because it's not everywhere that the ice is
      melting. In the Antarctic, only 1 percent is melting," said Bjoern
      Lomborg, a Danish researcher who claims the threat of global warming
      has been exaggerated.

      What is clear is that the average ocean temperature off Greenland's
      west coast has risen in recent years -- from 3.5 C (38.3 F) to 4.8 C
      (40.6 F) and glaciers have begun to retreat, said Carl Egede
      Boeggild,
      a glaciologist with Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, a
      government agency.

      The Sermilik glacier in southern Greenland has retreated 11
      kilometers
      (6.84 miles), and the Sermeq Kujalleq glacier near Ilulissat also is
      moving at a faster pace, said Henrik Hoejmark Thomsen of the
      geological survey.

      In 1967, satellite imagery measured it moving at 7 kilometers (4.3
      miles) per year. In 2003, it was twice that -- 13 kilometers (8.1
      miles) per year.

      "What exactly happened, we don't know but it appears to be the effect
      of climate change," said Hoejmark Thomsen.

      Last month, U.S. scientists issued a report saying the rate of ice
      melting in the Arctic is increasing and within a century could lead
      to
      summertime ice-free ocean conditions not seen in the area in a
      million
      years.

      With warmer temperatures, some bacteria, plants and animals could
      disappear, while others will grow and thrive. Polar bears and other
      animals that depend on sea ice to breed and forage are at risk,
      scientists say. There are fears that polar bears and some seal
      species
      could face extinction in just decades because of global warming.

      The thinning of the sea ice presents a danger to both humans and
      polar
      bears, said Peter Ewins, director of Arctic conservations for the
      World Wildlife Fund Canada.

      "The polar bears need to be there to catch enough seals to see them
      through the summer in open warm water systems. Equally, the Inuit
      need
      to be out there on the ice catching seals and are less and less able
      to do that because the ice is more unstable, thinner," he said.

      When NASA started taking satellite images of the Arctic region in the
      late 1970s and computer technology improved, scientists noted
      alarming
      patterns and theorized they were caused by the emission of so-called
      greenhouse gases, emitted by industries and internal combustion
      engines, that create a heat-trapping layer in the atmosphere.

      Inuit leaders, like Sheila Watt-Cloutier whose efforts won her the
      2005 Sophie environment prize in Norway earlier this year, are trying
      to draw attention to the impact of climate change and pollution on
      the
      traditional lifestyles of the Arctic's indigenous people.

      "When I was a child, the weather used to be more stable, it worries
      me
      to see and hear all this," Greenland Premier Hans Enoksen said on the
      sidelines of an environmental officials' meeting in Ilulissat last
      month. The meeting ended with statements of concern, sincere calls
      for
      measure to address the problem -- and no action.

      The Kyoto Protocol that took effect in February aims to reduce global
      greenhouse gas emissions. But the 140 nations that have signed the
      pact don't include the United States, which produces one-quarter of
      the gases.

      U.S. President George W. Bush's administration says participating in
      the pact would severely damage the U.S. economy. Many scientists say
      that position undermines the whole planet and they point to Greenland
      as the leading edge of what the globe could suffer.

      "Greenland is the canary in a mine shaft alerting us," said Corell,
      the American meteorologist. "In the U.S., global warming is a
      tomorrow
      issue. ... For us working here, it hits you like a ton of bricks when
      you see it."

      ------

      AP writers Maria Danilova and Jim Heintz in Moscow, Karl Ritter in
      Stockholm, Sweden, and Beth Duff-Brown in Toronto contributed to this
      report.

      Source: Associated Press
      --- End forwarded message ---
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