G8 Summit Summary
- In a joint statement, the science academies of the G8 countries along
with those of Brazil, China and India said that clear scientific evidence
demands prompt action on climate change. The scientific evidence on
climate change is now clear enough for the leaders of G8 to commit to
take prompt action to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
FACTBOX - G8 Climate Declaration and Action Plan
UK: July 11, 2005
GLENEAGLES, Scotland - The Group of Eight powers meeting in Scotland
declared on Friday that global warming required urgent action, but set no
measurable targets for reducing the greenhouse gases that trigger it and
so contribute to climate change.
Here are the key points of their communique:
-- The G8 acknowledge that human activity contributes in large part to an
increase in greenhouse gases that is linked to global warming.
-- They say existing science provides enough information to justify
acting now to "put ourselves on a path to slow and, as the science
justifies, stop and then reverse it the growth of greenhouse gases".
-- They pledge to "act with resolve and urgency" to reach common goals
that include reducing greenhouse gases, but without setting any
measurable target or timeframe.
-- They pledge to launch a wider dialogue on climate change, clean energy
and sustainable development, bringing in other major energy consumers, to
begin on Nov. 1.
-- They say it is in the world's interests to work in partnership with
major emerging economies -- a reference in particular to China and India,
which are expected to expand their greenhouse gas output rapidly with
-- The binding Kyoto Protocol on cutting greenhouse gases, signed by
seven of the G8 powers but termed economic suicide by US President George
W. Bush, is mentioned only in passing.
-- The draft says the United Nations is the appropriate forum to
negotiate future action on climate change.
-- A new Action Plan promises a range of measures to increase energy
efficiency in industry, buildings, appliances and transport; encourage
diversification of energy sources and use of renewable ones; promote
cleaner use of fossil fuels; and coordinate research and development.
CHAIR�S SUMMARY, GLENEAGLES SUMMIT, 8 JULY
We were joined for our discussion on climate change and the global
economy by the leaders of Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa
and by the heads of the International Energy Agency, International
Monetary Fund, United Nations, World Bank, and the World Trade
We have issued a statement setting out our common purpose in tackling
climate change, promoting clean energy and achieving sustainable
All of us agreed that climate change is happening now, that human
activity is contributing to it, and that it could affect every part of
We know that, globally, emissions must slow, peak and then decline,
moving us towards a low-carbon economy. This will require leadership from
the developed world.
We resolved to take urgent action to meet the challenges we face. The
Gleneagles Plan of Action which we have agreed demonstrates our
commitment. We will take measures to develop markets for clean energy
technologies, to increase their availability in developing countries, and
to help vulnerable communities adapt to the impact of climate change.
We warmly welcomed the involvement of the leaders of the emerging economy
countries in our discussions, and their ideas for new approaches to
international co-operation on clean energy technologies between the
developed and developing world.
Our discussions mark the beginning of a new Dialogue between the G8
nations and other countries with significant energy needs, consistent
with the aims and principles of the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change. This will explore how best to exchange technology, reduce
emissions, and meet our energy needs in a sustainable way, as we
implement and build on the Plan of Action.
We will advance the global effort to tackle climate change at the UN
Climate Change Conference in Montreal later this year. Those of us who
have ratified the Kyoto Protocol remain committed to it, and will
continue to work to make it a success.