Airlines face cuts in ozone gases under new pact
- Airlines face cuts in ozone gases under new pact
MONTREAL (AFP) Mar 02, 2005
The world's airlines must make cuts of 12 percent in nitrogen oxide
emissions blamed for depleting the ozone layer, the International Civil
Aviation Organisation (ICAO) said Tuesday.
The pact, adopted unanimously among the 36-member council of the UN body,
comes amid growing concern that the expansion of budget airlines and
global air travel poses serious environmental risks.
Airlines will have until 2008 to comply with the new restrictions, the
Montreal-based ICAO said in a statement.
The new nitrogen oxides standards are "12 percent more stringent than the
previous levels agreed to in 1999," it said.
The council's move followed recommendations made by the 35th session of
the 181 member ICAO last year.
Reductions in emissions will be achieved mainly through modifications to
But some airlines have argued, however, that the move will entail extra
costs which could threaten the fragile recovery of the industry which
slumped following the September 11 attacks in 2001, and the SARS epidemic
in Asia and Canada.
Aviation fuel releases greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide when it is
burnt which contribute to global warming.
Nitrogen oxides and substances also produced are blamed for depleting the
ozone layer, which filters the Sun's harmful rays.
The Kyoto Protocol on climate change, which came into force last month,
called on industrialized countries to work through the ICAO to reduce
greenhouse gases on civil aviation.