Fwd: >>>Conn. Climate Change Action Plan 2005 : EXEC. SUMMARY
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Connecticut Climate Change Action Plan 2005 : EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (etc)
In accordance with the provisions of Public Act 04252
(AAC Climate Change), the Governor's Steering Committee on Climate
Change (GSC) has successfully completed development of a Connecticut
Climate Change Action Plan 2005. This plan represents a major
milestone in the drive to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and
achieve the regional goals set by the New England Governors/Eastern
In creating this plan, the GSC relied to a large extent on the ideas
and input it received from a stakeholder process that consisted of a
diverse group of entities representing government, industry,
nongovernmental organizations, academia and the public.
Together, these dedicated stakeholders participated in a yearlong
process of identifying measures to address climate change in
Connecticut. During their extensive deliberation process, each
proposed measure was discussed, researched, analyzed and debated until
participants reached consensus. At the end of this stakeholder
process, in January 2004, they delivered a report to the GSC. This
report, entitled, Connecticut Climate Change Stakeholder Dialogue:
Recommendations to the Governor's Steering Committee (Stakeholders
Report), became the starting point for this action plan.
The completion of this comprehensive plan is a major accomplishment.
Yet GSC members recognize, as they have from the outset, that it does
not represent an end in itself. Instead, the plan must be used as a
firm foundation for future efforts. Such future efforts, including
progress on the implementation of this plan and new initiatives, can
be tracked through www.ctclimatechange.com. This web site is updated
regularly to provide the most recent information on Connecticut's
climate change initiatives.
The GSC's primary objective in developing this action plan was to
create a document that could be used to inform policymakers,
implementing agencies, organizations, institutions and the public.
This broad and deep approach achieves several complementary objectives:
§ It addresses budgetary concerns about new programs and ideas;
§ It integrates planning elements for federal and state mandates to
assure state commitments are completed; and
§ It establishes solid links among state agencies under a working
structure that provides for staff flexibility on projects and overall
steering by agency heads.
Completing this plan required not only an update on progress achieved,
but a strong focus on metrics and accountability by staff and agency
heads. The GSC employed advanced technical analysis methods to
evaluate proposed policy actions for reducing GHG emissions,including:
§ Calculation of the GHG benefits and costs;
§ Determination of additional benefits and costs;
§ Quantification of any additional benefits and costs using existing
and newly developed analytical measures; and
§ Assessment of the total GHG reductions to determine if the regional
GHG targets agreed upon by the NEG/ECP were being met or exceeded.
Using a new desktop modeling tool developed under the direction of the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, three of the 55 recommended
actions or RA's (RA2: GHG Feebate Program and RA32 and RA33: Creating
Heating Oil and Natural Gas Conservation Funds) were analyzed
extensively to identify local economic effects and ancillary or
cobenefits (e.g., health impacts and economywide benefits). As the
first state to utilize this new tool, Connecticut was able to identify
benefits previously not quantified. For example, the state's energy
efficiency program, overseen by the Energy Conservation Management
Board, was known to achieve a $3 to $1 direct return on investment
based on electricity savings. By using the new EPA tool, an additional
$4 to $1 payback in terms of reduced health costs and public health
benefits was identified as a result of reductions in criteria air
This indepth analysis enabled the committee to dispel perceptions that
the proposed actions would compete with other core priorities and to
craft a comprehensive legislative agenda that would meet or exceed the
GHG reduction targets. In 2004, the following bills and executive
orders were passed:
§ P.A. 0484 An Act Concerning Clean Cars California emissions
§ P.A. 04231 An Act Concerning Clean and Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Promotes hybrids through tax incentives
§ P.A. 0485 An Act Concerning Energy Efficiency Sets efficiency
standards for products and appliances
§ P.A. 04252 An Act Concerning Climate Change Requires mandatory
reporting of GHG emissions, creation of registry, ongoing planning and
implementation action plan effort, development of environmentally
preferable purchasing for state goods and services
§ P.A. 04222 An Act Concerning Preservation of the Family Farm and
Long Island Sound Promotes the purchase of Connecticutgrown
foods by the state and creates "Connecticut Farm Fresh" program
§ Governor's Executive Order No. 32 Requires the state to purchase
renewable energy in increasing amounts, leading to 100% clean energy
While other states have begun to take similar steps to reduce GHG
emissions, Connecticut is the first state to address climate change in
such a significant and comprehensive manner. The plan contains 55
recommended actions that focus on five main topic areas: 1)
transportation and land use; 2) residential, commercial and
industrial; 4) agriculture, forestry and waste; 4) electricity
generation; and 5)education and outreach. These topic areas were
selected in order to broadly address climate change from all sectors
and achieve the greatest outcome. Recommendations will require
administrative and legislative actions, voluntary and mandatory
measures, and state and regional actions.
Thirtyeight recommendations have been designated by the Governor's
Steering Committee and the governor for immediate implementation, and
are noted as such in this summary. Examples of recommended actions
· Transportation: Raising emission standards for new cars; reducing
black carbon from diesel engines through the use of low sulfur diesel,
engine improvements and tailpipe controls; investing in a hydrogen
infrastructure and R&D program.
· Residential, Commercial, Industrial: Upgrading building codes and
using energy efficient materials and design concepts in the
construction of new state buildings and schools (LEED standard);
promoting the purchase of environmentally preferable products and
services by state agencies; testing biodiesel for heating.
· Agriculture, Forestry, Waste: Adopting actions to increase recycling
and source reductions to 40%; encouraging consumers to buy local
produce; supporting landfillgastoenergy projects.
· Electricity: Increasing the amount of renewable energy supplied to
the electricity grid; implementing a program for Connecticut
ratepayers to choose to purchase electricity derived from clean
energy; state government purchase of clean energy.
· Education: Increasing awareness among the general public,
policymakers, community leaders, and others of climate change issues
and solutions; integrating into curricula and outreach programming.
These 38 measures result in projected reductions of 3.64 million
metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) in 2010 and 6.88
MMTCO2e in 2020. It is estimated that reductions of 5.74 MMTCO2e in
2010 and 17.99 MMTCO2e in 2020 are needed to meet the statutory goals.
Thus, only 63.4 percent of the 2010 statutory goal and 38.2 percent of
the 2020 statutory goal are achieved in 2020 by just the 38 measures.
Given these results, it is clear that reductions from the remaining 17
measures are crucial for Connecticut to meet its reductions targets.
The 17 measures result in additional projected reductions of 5.02
MMTCO2e in 2010 (87.4 percent of goal) and 12.44 MMTCO2e in 2020 (69.2
percent of goal).
The remaining 17 items are undergoing further analysis, including the
identification of appropriate implementation pathways for follow up in
2005 and beyond. Aggressive implementation of the 38 measures already
underway, combined with the start up of new recommended actions in
2005, will ensure Connecticut's success in meeting the reduction goals
identified by the NEG/ECP and reflected in state law: to reduce its
GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2010 and to 10 percent below 1990
levels by 2020, eventually reaching the longterm reduction goal of 75
Implementation of this comprehensive plan represents a significant and
ongoing challenge. To successfully meet this challenge, the GSC began
to reach out during the drafting process to establish working
relationships with groups whose active support would be needed to
achieve its goals. These key groups included not only environmental
and business advocates, but colleges and universities, faithbased
groups and municipalities. In addition, working committees at both the
agency head and staff level were established to develop, implement and
track progress on each recommended action.
These working groups have been and will continue to be invaluable as
we move toward implementation of additional recommendations.
Through the successful implementation of this plan, Connecticut has an
opportunity to provide state residents a healthier environment, a more
stable climate and a stronger
Report in full with sec. recommendations etc at:
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