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    ... 2005-04 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: February 11, 2005 Tip sheet: Kyoto Protocol As the Agreement Takes Effect, Many Questions Remain Contact: Anatta, NCAR Media
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 11, 2005
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      ---------- Forwarded Message ----------
      2005-04 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: February 11, 2005

      Tip sheet: Kyoto Protocol
      As the Agreement Takes Effect, Many Questions Remain


      Anatta, NCAR Media Relations

      BOULDER � On February 16, the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations
      Framework Convention on Climate Change will take effect. Negotiated in
      1997 and ratified by more than 100 nations (although not the United
      States), the agreement is a coordinated effort to limit emissions of
      carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases blamed for climate change.
      Nations that ratified the protocol commit to reducing emissions below
      1990 levels by the period of 2008�2012, with higher-polluting nations
      facing more ambitious targets. The protocol also sets up a system of
      emissions trading to help nations meet their targets.

      �We cannot stop climate change, but we can slow it down,� explains Kevin
      Trenberth, head of the Climate Analysis Section at the National Center
      for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). �The Kyoto protocol is a first step
      toward slowing the rate of emissions of greenhouse gases into the
      atmosphere, and, with incentives in place, the potential exists for
      major developments in new technologies.�

      The protocol raises a number of important science and policy issues.
      These include the potential impacts of our changing climate, the extent
      to which the protocol will minimize climate change, and how emissions of
      greenhouse gases can be tracked.

      NCAR researchers are on the forefront of climate change research. By
      using some of the world�s most powerful supercomputers and analyzing
      worldwide data, they estimate how natural factors and human-induced
      changes to the atmosphere are affecting our climate, as well as how
      agreements such as Kyoto may affect global warming. They also are
      important contributors to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
      (IPCC), which provides assessments of climate science for policy makers

      The NCAR scientists listed below are available to comment on the latest
      developments in climate research and how the protocol may affect future
      climate change.

      Caspar Ammann, 303-497-1705, ammann@...

      Specialties: As a member of NCAR�s paleoclimate team, Ammann studies how
      today�s warming temperatures compare with past climate patterns. He also
      contributes to a Web site managed by scientists, www.realclimate.org,
      that provides information on climate research for the media and the public.

      William Collins, 303-497-1381, wcollins@...

      Specialties: Collins focuses on upgrades to the Community Climate System
      Model, an NCAR-based software system that is one of the world�s most
      powerful climate simulation tools. He is an expert on the strengths and
      limits of climate models, as well as the benefits of more powerful
      supercomputers for future research.

      Michael Glantz, 303-497-8119, glantz@...

      Specialties: A social scientist, Glantz works on international
      collaborations to minimize the societal impacts of environmental
      threats, including climate change and drought. He is an expert on El
      Ni�o and other patterns that have worldwide impacts on climate, and he
      has years of experience in working with developing countries.

      Tim Killeen, 303-497-1111, killeen@...

      Specialties: The director of NCAR and the president-elect of the
      American Geophysical Union, Killeen has a broad view of the importance
      of science in policy decisions. An expert on solar-terrestrial and space
      physics, he carefully monitors progress in climate change science.

      Gerald Meehl, 303-497-1331, meehl@...

      Specialties: Meehl, who uses powerful computer models to simulate global
      climate, is a convening lead author of the upcoming fourth IPCC
      assessment of climate change. He studies such issues as how much our
      climate will change in coming decades even if industrial emissions can
      be reduced.

      Susanne Moser, 303-497-8132, smoser@...

      Specialties: A geographer, Moser looks into the potential regional
      impacts of climate change, as well as the interactions between science
      and policy in adaptation decisions. She is an expert on coastlines and
      the possible impacts of rising sea levels.

      Kevin Trenberth, 303-497-1318, trenbert@...

      Specialties: Trenberth is an expert on using observational data to
      estimate the extent to which climate is changing and the likely impacts
      of a warming world on drought, precipitation, and other climate
      patterns. He is a convening lead author of the upcoming IPCC assessment
      on climate change.

      Tom Wigley, 303-497-2690, wigley@...

      Specialties: Wigley has published studies on the potential effects of
      reducing emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. His research includes the
      detection of climate change in the atmosphere.

      NCAR�S primary sponsor is the National Science Foundation.
      Opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this
      publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science

      -The End-

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      Media Relations
      National Center for Atmospheric Research
      Phone: (303) 497-8604;
      Fax: (303) 497-8610
      E-mail: anatta@...

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