St. Paul mayor and rep. senator turn backs on environment for all living things
- With their support for Bush politicians and federal agency heads, St.
Paul mayor Randy Kelly and Minnesota senator Norm Coleman turned their
backs on the environment for all living things, now and in the future.
Please read the article below on the alarming conclusions of the research
headed by US government scientists. What is not said in the article is
that some US government scientists have sacrificed their previous
lifetime career goals by choosing to go with honesty rather than
dishonesty or by choosing not to remain silent about what they see
Article from The Independent:
Seas turn to acid as they absorb global pollution
By Geoffrey Lean, Environment Editor
01 August 2004
The world's oceans are sacrificing themselves to try to stave off
global warming, a major international research programme has
Their waters have absorbed about half of the carbon dioxide emitted
by human activities over the past two centuries, the 15-year study
has found. Without this moderating effect, climate change would have
been much more rapid and severe.
But in the process the seas have become more acid, threatening their
very life. The research warns that this could kill off their coral
reefs, shellfish and plankton, on which all marine life depends.
News of the alarming conclusions of the research - headed by US
government scientists - follows the discovery, reported in Friday's
Independent, of a catastrophic failure of North Sea birds to breed
this summer, thought to be the result of global warming.
The disaster - forecast in The Independent on Sunday last October -
appears to have been caused by plankton moving hundreds of miles to
the north to escape from an unprecedented warming on the sea's
waters. Sand eels - millions of which normally provide the staple
diet of many seabirds and large fish - have disappeared, because
they, in turn, depend on the plankton.
The new study warns of an even more alarming collapse throughout the
world's oceans if climate change continues. It is the result of a
mammoth research effort, which has taken and analysed 72,000 samples
of seawater from 10,000 different places in the oceans since 1989.
Led by scientists working for the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration in Seattle, it has also involved teams of researchers
from Australia, Canada, Spain, Japan, South Korea and Germany.
It has discovered, for the first time, that the seas and oceans have
soaked up almost half of all human emissions of carbon dioxide, the
main cause of global warming, since the start of the Industrial
By doing so they have greatly slowed climate change, and almost
certainly prevented it from already causing catastrophe.
"The oceans are performing this tremendous service to humankind by
reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere," says Dr
Christopher Sabine, one of the leaders of the research. But, he adds,
this is coming at a great cost because the act of salvage "is
changing the chemistry of the oceans".
The research concludes that "dramatic changes", such as have not
occurred for at least 20 million years, now appear to be under way.
They could have "significant impacts on the biological systems of the
oceans in ways that we are only beginning to understand".
As the water naturally absorbs carbon dioxide from the air, it forms
carbonic acid. And the acid then mops up calcium carbonate, a
substance normally plentiful in the oceans that sea creatures use to
make the protective shells that they need to survive.
The scientists say that if the world goes on producing more and more
carbon dioxide, this shell formation will become increasingly
difficult, while the world will heat up anyway.
The results are incalculable, because so may shelled creatures live
in the seas, ranging from clams and corals to the plankton and other
tiny creatures that form the base of the entire food chain of the
The surface waters and upper 10 per cent of the oceans - which
contain most of the life - are the most acidic, the research shows.
The acidity also varies around the world. The North Atlantic - the
nearest ocean to the world's most polluting countries, is the most
affected; the southern ocean that encircles Antarctica the least.
When the scientists took a species of snail from the relatively
unpolluted waters of the far north of the Pacific, near the Arctic
Circle, and put it in seawater with carbon dioxide levels similar to
those found elsewhere, the animals' shells began to dissolve.
Dr Peter Brewer, of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute -
who was not himself involved in the research - calls the results "a
wake-up call". He adds: "The numbers are crystal clear. The analysis
is impeccable. There is no uncertainty about this. These impacts of a
high carbon dioxide ocean are real, and are measurable today."
The research also explodes a heavily touted "solution" to global
warming. Critics of international action, including members of the
Bush administration, say that there is little need to curb carbon
dioxide emissions because the gas could be collected and injected
into the oceans for disposal. However, the study shows that this cure
could be even worse than the disease.
A Sea Song
By Martin Newell, 'IoS' Poet in Residence
The sand eel goes without his tea
Because of human industry
So guillemots are starving
And the puffin's eating nothing
The kittiwake and skua
May not grow to be mature
And the sea's got indigestion now
Must I go down to the sea again?
To the lonely sea in tears
The sky is strangely empty
And the silence hurts my ears
Now the arctic tern - the mother
Thinks a tern deserves another
But she ain't disposed to breeding
With her troubles over feeding
The ocean still is heaving
But the creatures are all leaving
And the sea's got indigestion now
See, there isn't any potion
You can give a gippy ocean
Like a Gaviston or Rennie
And we ain't come up with any
Since the businesses we banked on
Have been murdering the plankton
So the sea's got indigestion now
The day before the siren went
We thought about environment
We talked about restrictions
And made various predictions
But market forces beckoned
So the oceans all came second
And the sea's got indigestion now.
Chanhassen ["Tree with the sweet sap"]
THE WORLD IS IN CRISIS DUE TO GLOBAL WARMING!
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