Fw: [fuelcell-energy] Appropriate approaches to fighting climate change
- --------- Forwarded message ----------
From: "janson2997" <janson1997@...>
Date: Sun, 04 Jul 2004 08:13:57 -0000
Subject: [fuelcell-energy] Appropriate approaches to fighting climate
Appropriate approaches to fighting climate change
Fighting climate change is a complex task, which requires different
approaches in different countries. The two main strategies are
betting on renewable energy technologies and on energy efficiency.
Development co-operation should utilise both according to the local
needs in the partner countries. This is the message of a recent paper
by researchers from the Bonn-based German Development Institute
Authors Imme Scholz and Mathias Krause stress that the term
sustainability has three dimensions. Energy policy, therefore, needs
to pay attention to long-term effects on the environment, on the
economy and on poor social strata. In least developed countries,
people typically suffer from lack of access to modern energy
services. Wood and dung are burnt in unhealthy manner. More often
than not, natural resources are being depleted. Consequently, the
emphasis of development co-operation should be on providing basic
services and reflect low technological capacities. This implies using
small-scale applications and upgrading local practices.
The situation in the Newly Independent States (the former Soviet
Union) is entirely different. While energy provision is generally
operational here, it is normally inefficient and extremely expensive.
Consequently, green house gas (GHG) emissions are excessive. At the
same time, subsidies for fossil fuels are a heavy burden for national
budgets. The GDI-paper suggests that development policies for such
countries should focus on market-oriented reforms, skill training and
improving the existing infrastructure. While it may be sensible to
invest in renewable energy technologies, this will hardly prove a
priority. After all, the massive economic slowdown these states have
experienced since the collapse of the Soviet Union implies that
industrial use of energy has dropped and hardly any new power
capacity is needed.
This is not the case for emerging economies. Poor countries with high
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rates are under extreme pressure
to expand their infrastructure. High-tech renewable technologies from
advanced countries should prove useful for this purpose. Improving
the energy efficiency of existing power infrastructure is equally
urgent. As high-growth and high-population nations are of particular
climate relevance as their emissions are increasing rapidly, the GDI
experts suggest that development ministries in advanced nations
should make energy matters a priority in co-operation with these
countries. This, however, can only be done if �industrialised
countries take their pioneering role seriously, reduce their GHG
emissions and fulfil their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol",
Scholz and Krause stress in their paper. (dem)
Yahoo! Groups Links
The best thing to hit the Internet in years - Juno SpeedBand!
Surf the Web up to FIVE TIMES FASTER!
Only $14.95/ month - visit www.juno.com to sign up today!