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Fw: [fuelcell-energy] Global_Warming:_What_we are_doing_about_it

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    ... From: janson2997 To: fuelcell-energy@yahoogroups.com Date: Sun, 04 Jul 2004 08:30:15 -0000 Subject: [fuelcell-energy]
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 4, 2004
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      From: "janson2997" <janson1997@...>
      To: fuelcell-energy@yahoogroups.com
      Date: Sun, 04 Jul 2004 08:30:15 -0000
      Subject: [fuelcell-energy]
      =?iso-8859-1?q?Global_Warming:_What_we=92re_doing_about_it?=
      Message-ID: <cc8f6n+988s@egroups.com>

      Global Warming: What we're doing about it

      In the absence of meaningful federal action, we on the West Coast
      have a responsibility to act, and act quickly. The following
      highlights the initial actions we are taking in Washington:

      West Coast Governors' Initiative
      In September 2003, the governors of the three West Coast states
      committed to a regional greenhouse gas reduction initiative. As an
      initial step, we directed our staffs to develop joint policy
      recommendations on five reduction strategies that will benefit from
      regional cooperation and action: hybrid vehicle procurement, reduced
      ports and highway diesel emissions, renewable energy, energy
      efficiency, and measurement and reporting. Their recommendations are
      due back to us in September 2004.

      Alternative fuels
      Low-sulfur diesel fuel � In May 2004, Washington State Ferries
      announced that it would shift its entire ferry fleet to low-sulfur
      diesel fuel. It will also test both ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel and
      biodiesel fuel. The ferry system has also upgraded its vessels with
      more-efficient engines and made changes to reduce fuel consumption
      and emissions, and will continue seeking new ways to improve fuel
      efficiency. As a result of these changes, nearly 10,000 fewer tons of
      pollutants will be released into the air by ferry fuel emissions. For
      more information about ultra-low sulfur fuel, contact the Puget Sound
      Clean Air Agency.

      Biodiesel � Washington now grants tax deferrals and exemptions for
      biodiesel fuel production and sales, and state agencies are required
      to use a minimum of two percent biodiesel fuel in diesel-powered
      equipment and vehicles. The Superintendent of Public Instruction is
      exploring using biodiesel in the state's school buses. For
      information about these bills, visit the Washington State Legislature.

      Building efficiency standards
      The State Building Code Council has improved energy efficiency
      standards for all residential structures. Over the next 15 years
      these savings�counting just those from the single-family housing
      market�will keep nearly two million metric tons of CO2 from entering
      the atmosphere. These efficiency improvements also save homeowners
      money from their very first year of home ownership.

      CO2 mitigation
      On March 31, 2004, I signed Substitute House Bill 3141 (PDF 31k),
      which codified our proposal to create America's toughest siting
      standards for new fossil-fueled power plants. These plants will have
      to offset 20 percent of their expected carbon dioxide emissions by
      planting trees, paying for natural-gas transit buses, or finding
      other offset opportunities. For a typical 650-megawatt power plant,
      this will reduce overall carbon dioxide emissions by almost 2.5
      million metric tons over 30 years.

      Commute Trip Reduction (CTR)
      Through a variety of strategies, including transit passes, carpool
      benefits, flexible hours and telework, we actively encourage state
      employees to drive less. For others, the Washington Dept. of
      Transportation operates a Public Transportation web site with
      information about park-and-rides, bus service, passenger rail, and
      other helpful links.

      Fleet efficiency measures
      The Office of State Procurement has two different hybrid electric
      sedans available on contract and will soon be adding an SUV hybrid
      electric vehicle and a zero emission neighborhood electric vehicle.
      State and local government agencies have added over 400 hybrid
      vehicles to our fleet in the past five years. Hybrid-electric
      vehicles are highly fuel efficient and have been shown to reduce
      greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 33 percent.

      Measurement and tracking
      Washington citizens and policymakers need sound data about the
      sources of greenhouse gas emissions as well as current trends. The
      energy policy division of the Dept. of Community, Trade and Economic
      Development has been tracking greenhouse gas emissions in Washington
      and has just completed an updated report, "Washington State's
      Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Sources and Trends." (PDF 342k)

      Renewable energy incentives
      New legislation exempts Washingtonians who buy fuel cells or
      renewable energy equipment such as wind turbines and solar voltaic
      panels from sales and use taxes. For information, contact the
      Washington Dept. of Revenue.

      Washington State and Puget Sound Energy (PSE) have created a
      partnership with a common goal of reducing energy use in 30 state
      parks. The company provides free "energy audits" identifying
      opportunities for utility cost reduction. After each park completes
      installation of recommended upgrades, PSE pays back up to 50 percent
      of total costs in rebates. The parks save money for use elsewhere and
      the company helps reduce energy consumption in its service area, thus
      helping reduce global warming.

      Washington State Parks are utilizing renewable energy sources on
      parklands by installing wind turbines in some of their coastal
      facilities. Grayland Beach State Park are purchasing a 10,000-watt
      Wind-turbine to provide power to public restrooms. A grant is
      covering 80 percent of the project cost. The wind-produced power will
      exceed the needs of the restrooms; excess power will go back to the
      power grid as "negawatts." Westport Light State Park will install a
      smaller 400-watt Wind-turbine to power public restrooms at the beach.

      School buses
      One of my highest air pollution priorities is curbing harmful
      emissions from school buses. In 2003, the Legislature provided $25
      million that will upgrade up to 90 percent of the state's existing
      school buses with emission reduction technology. Meanwhile, the
      Office of Superintendent for Public Instruction, the Washington State
      Patrol and the Department of Ecology have created a state-wide
      emissions testing and maintenance program for school buses. A similar
      program in Iowa reduced diesel soot emissions by 27 percent overall.

      Other possible actions
      Our energy analysts are currently investigating additional strategies
      to reduce or avert CO2 emissions. We are considering adopting state
      energy efficiency standards for products not covered by the federal
      government (where multiple manufacturers deliver products that meet
      such new standards). We also plan to explore the adoption of energy
      portfolio standards that would guide utilities to invest in energy
      efficiency programs and select renewable resources to meet a minimum
      percentage of Washington's electricity needs.

      http://www.governor.wa.gov/globalwarming/globalwarming2.htm

      j2997






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