127Re: [ClappCemetery] Narrow Guage Road & Clapp's Post Office?
- Nov 2, 2002Thanks for everyone for your input and suggestions. I found the
It shows sources for historical post office information. These entries
may be particularly useful:
<<Post Route Maps, 1830s-1940s
Post route maps of counties, states, and groups or portions of states
depict mail routes and show stops (Post Offices), distances between
them, and frequency of service. Bodies of water, railroad lines, canals,
and recently discontinued Post Offices are also sometimes shown.
Statistics are sometimes given for the states depicted, including area
in square miles, population and population density, number of Post
Offices, and miles of railroads and canals.
Post route and rural route maps are located in the National Archives'
Cartographic and Architectural Branch, at the National Archives at
College Park, Maryland, and in the Geography and Map Division of the
Library of Congress.
Record Cards of Postmaster Appointments, 1890s-1986
The record cards of postmaster appointments (PS Forms 1094, 1095, and
1084) are index cards of postmaster and acting postmaster appointments
and officer-in-charge installations at Post Offices from the late 1890s
through 1986, filed alphabetically by state and Post Office. Post Office
discontinuance/establishment information is also provided, along with
dates when a Post Office was advanced to or relegated from the
presidential class. (The president appointed postmasters at first-,
second-, and third-class offices from 1864 to 1970. Classes were dropped
in 1975.) These records are often the sole source of information on
postmaster appointments at Post Offices from 1971 to 1986, although
prior to 1971 they largely duplicate information found in the Record of
Appointment of Postmasters.
The record cards prior to about 1971 are located at the National
Archives as part of the Records of the Post Office Department, Record
Group 28. Cards after 1971 are located in the office of the Historian of
the United States Postal Service.
Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1814-1971
The Record of Appointment of Postmasters consists of ledgers of
postmaster appointments by Post Office from 1814 to September 30, 1971.
The records prior to 1832 are arranged alphabetically on a national
basis, by Post Office name and state. County names are given beginning
in 1824. After 1832, the records are arranged by state or territory,
then by county, and then alphabetically by Post Office. The records show
the names of Post Offices, the dates of their establishment and
discontinuance, any name changes, and the names and appointment dates of
postmasters. Surety information is sometimes provided prior to 1844.
Beginning in the 1840s, presidential appointments are noted. Money order
offices are noted beginning in the 1860s. After about 1870, the records
show the names of Post Offices to which mail from discontinued offices
was sent. Names of acting postmasters are listed beginning in the 1910s.
(See also the description of this record at
The postmaster appointment ledgers have been reproduced as National
Archives Microfilm Publication M1131, Record of Appointment of
Postmasters, October 1789-1832 (Rolls 2, 3, and 4), and M841, Record of
Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-September 30, 1971 (145 rolls). They
are available for purchase from the National Archives and may be
available from your local library through inter-library loan.>>
I'm going to try to find out if any applicable sources, like a map of
postal routes in the west/southwest region of Georgia, is available at
my branch of the National Archives (in Ft. Worth). If anyone happens to
be in or to go to the Atlanta area, I believe the Southeast branch of
the National Archives is located at Eastpoint, GA, and may have some
pertinent materials available.
Also, Cynthia and I have found Clapp's-related families in the Nances
District on the 1880 federal census of Muscogee Co, GA. I found Nances
(post office, I assume) marked along the Columbus-Rome road, which
passes through Cataula and Hamilton, on the "Preliminary post route map
of the State of Florida with adjacent parts of South Carolina, Georgia,
and Alabama (1876)" at the following site:
You must employ Java or a plug-in to view and resize/move about the map.
Also at this site is a series of historical maps of Georgia. If you
look at the out-of-print fifteen-minute quadrangle series and check out
the 1950 Ellerslie map, in the lower left-hand corner is an area called
"Clapp Hill Reservoir," where the Roaring Branch flows into the
Chattahoochee. It is north of Bibb City, and there are water tanks
(assumably at the city water works facitily) indicated to the southeast.
I was interested to see the Double Churches School and Lake Mary (named
for Mary LOKEY, a kinsman of mine) marked on the map as well. The
contour lines indicate 50' change in elevation.
In the thirty-minute quadrangle series, on the 1907 map called
Talbotton, in the lower left-hand corner is Clapp Hill. You can see
some of the roads in the area, and indications of structures (houses?).
At Bibb City at the very edge of the map is a big structure, which I
guess is Bibb Mill -- I see no similar structure that would be the
Clapp's Factory mill; it was already abandoned by 1907, and the building
burned down in 1908. Looking at the River Road, the road that goes west
through the word "Road" may correspond to what is marked "Marina Road"
just south of U.S. 80 (per Yahoo Maps). Emma WATSON was quoted in the
1955 article as saying the Clapp mill village once extended from the
Clapp's Factory site all the way to the River Road. The road extending
west from the River Road just below the word "River" may have cut
through the Clapp village and ended at the Clapp Factory mill, if the
mill was on the hill just south of the Roaring Branch (near what is now
Oliver Dam). This is where the factory appears to be placed on the 1864
Muscogee Co. area map that Kemis sent us the link to. (Thanks for that,
by the way, Kemis! I have looked at tons of historical Georgia maps and
have not yet found one that indicates the mill or village, only the two
above that refer to Clapp Hill after the factory is out of use.)
If I can find a way to copy these maps, or sections from them (so far, I
haven't been able to), I'd like to post them at the Clapp's site .
John in TX
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