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Who was Pope John Paul II ?

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  • New10
    Karol Joseph Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, on May 18, 1920. He took the name John Paul II when he became Pope. Paul nourished a doctrinal conservatism
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 2, 2005
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      Karol Joseph Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, on May 18, 1920.

      He took the name John Paul II when he became Pope.

      Paul nourished a doctrinal conservatism - opposition to
      contraception, abortion, women priests - that rankled liberal
      Catholics in the United States and Western Europe.

      He expounded a message he felt was needed in a secularized,
      dispirited society - hope, confidence, firm values, moral integrity,
      brotherhood, social justice and the simple life.

      He praised doctors who refused to perform abortions, and when he
      called for the repeal of the country's liberal abortion law.

      John Paul made clear his church was no democracy, and codified
      church teaching in the light of 20th century reality in a new
      Catechism of the Catholic Church, the first major revision in 400
      years.

      He criticized liberation theology, a movement strong in Latin
      America that emphasizes political activism by the church on behalf
      of the poor. He told priests worldwide to get out of politics, and
      some did.

      His approach to doctrine was unyieldingly conservative. In his view,
      there were rights and wrongs that no moral shading could change.

      He reaffirmed the church's ban on artificial birth control and
      denounced in vitro fertilization, abortion, euthanasia, divorce, sex
      outside marriage and homosexual relations. In his later years, he
      led a campaign against same-sex marriages.

      Some church liberals criticized John Paul's fondness for the
      conservative, militant Catholic group Opus Dei. The beatification of
      its founder, Josemaria Escriva de Balaguer, in 1992, 17 years after
      his death, was one of the church's most controversial in decades.

      John Paul also held separate sessions with Dutch and U.S. prelates,
      summoning them to the Vatican to admonish them for liberal
      practices, such as questioning priestly celibacy.

      "The church cannot be an association of freethinkers," John Paul
      said.
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