Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

ABA Monthly Report on International Human Rights - Will Also Upload to Files

Expand Messages
  • Melissa Wu
    The American Bar Association (ABA) is the world s largest professional organization with a membership of over 400,000 lawyers and speaks with an especially
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 24, 2008
    • 0 Attachment
      The American Bar Association (ABA) is the world's largest professional
      organization with a membership of over 400,000 lawyers and speaks with
      an especially powerful and effective voice in advancing the cause of
      human rights. The ABA Section of International Law established the
      Human Rights Committee to monitor international covenants, advocate
      for foreign human rights lawyers persecuted for their work,
      investigate human rights abuses, and to provide education about human
      rights issues.

      To join or learn more about the ABA Section of International Law
      visit: http://www.abanet.org/intlaw/membership/home.html If you have
      any difficulties, please contact the International Section office at
      202-662-1660.

      To join or learn more about the International Human Rights Committee
      visit: http://www.abanet.org/dch/committee.cfm?com=IC950000.

      To subscribe to the ABA-SIL Human Rights Committee newsletter visit:
      http://w3.abanet.org/abanet/common/email/listserv/listcommands.cfm?parm=subscribe&listgroup=inthumrights.

      For past Newsletter issues visit:
      http://mail.abanet.org/archives/inthumrights.html

      Russell Kerr, Editor russell@....\







      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=
      BULLETIN BOARD
      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=

      OPEN CALL: The role of historical sites in Holocaust education and
      human rights education in the EU

      The European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) has launched an
      Open Call for Tender for a project on "The role of commemoration
      sites, original sites and historical museums in Holocaust education
      and Human Rights education in the EU".

      You can find all documents related to the call on the FRA Webpage:
      http://fra.europa.eu/fra/index.php?fuseaction=content.dsp_cat_content&catid=3e4a7c4a74f57&contentid=48c91fd107c11

      If you wish to submit an offer and you have any questions related to
      the tender procedure, please contact our procurement section via email
      (procurement@...), fax (+43-1-58030-691) or telephone
      (+43-1-58030-649). Deadline for dispatching of offers is 17 October 2008.

      ~~~
      TAKE ACTION: Who Ordered the Shooting of a Guatemalan Environmental
      Leader?

      On September 4, Yuri Melini was shot three times in Guatemala City
      and, despite grave injuries, was fortunate to survive. Melini is a
      leading environmental activist and had just won an important Court
      victory striking down aspects of Guatemala's Mining Law.

      The attack appeared to be carefully planned. The assailants were
      reportedly waiting for Melini and called his name to guarantee his
      identity before shooting him. On the same day, 50 other environmental
      activists received threats relating to their work.

      The Guatemalan government has expressed concern that the killing may
      have been an act of intimidation to deter Melini and others from
      engaging in environmental advocacy.

      Take action now to support the government's initial reaction and to
      urge it to:

      • Investigate the attempted murder and prosecute those who ordered the
      shooting.
      • Ensure that Melini and other environmental activists are adequately
      protected from further attacks.

      Click Here to Take Action:
      http://action.humanrightsfirst.org/campaign/Yuri/

      Learn more about this case:
      http://action.humanrightsfirst.org/campaign/Yuri/explanation

      ~~~

      CALL FOR PAPERS
      2009 HUMAN RIGHTS ESSAY AWARD

      Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
      American University Washington College of Law

      The Academy is proud to announce the topic of the 2009 Human Rights
      Essay Award. This year’s topic for the essay in English is: “60 years
      of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: its contemporary
      normative impact”. Deadline for submissions is February 3, 2009.

      The Award in each case will consist of:
      • a scholarship to the 2009 Specialized Human Rights Program
      • travel expenses* to Washington D.C.
      • housing* at the university dorms
      • per diem for living expenses* for the three-week session
      *subject to restrictions

      Participants may choose any subject related to the assigned topic: “60
      years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: its contemporary
      normative impact”.
      Candidates must hold a law degree.
      Submissions must be unpublished legal papers in English, written
      solely by the candidate.
      Articles must not exceed 35 pages, including footnotes, and must be
      double spaced using 12-point Times New Roman font.
      Articles must be submitted via email to hracademy@... in
      Microsoft Word format.
      The deadline to submit articles is February 3, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. EST.
      Winners will be announced on April 1, 2009 on our website
      A comprehensive list of rules is available at:
      www.wcl.american.edu/hracademy.hraward.cfm

      If you have questions please contact the Academy of Human Rights and
      Humanitarian Law at 202-274-4070 or via email at
      hracademy@...

      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=
      FEATURED WEBSITE
      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=

      SAVE THE CHILDREN

      Save the Children is the leading independent organization creating
      real and lasting change for children in need in the United States and
      around the world. It is a member of the International Save the
      Children Alliance, comprising 28 national Save the Children
      organizations working in more than 110 countries to ensure the
      well-being of children.

      The history of Save the Children is a story of positive change and
      people â€" millions of people in thousands of communities around the
      globe â€" working together to create opportunities for the world's
      children to live safe, healthy and fulfilling lives. In January 1932
      in a small room in New York City, a group of concerned citizens
      gathered to respond to the needs of the proud people of Appalachia
      hard hit by the Great Depression.

      The inspiration and vision for Save the Children came in part from the
      international children's rights movement begun in England in 1919 by
      Eglantyne Jebb, founder of the British Save the Children Fund. From
      this early effort in the hills and hollows of Harlan County, Kentucky
      grew a self-help philosophy and practice still at work today in more
      than 45 countries â€" providing communities with a hand up, not a handout.

      To learn more about Save the Children visit:
      http://www.savethechildren.org



      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=
      JOB, FELLOWSHIP & VOLUNTEER POSTINGS
      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=

      THE JOHN SMITH FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMME 2009
      Posted: 9/11/08

      The John Smith Memorial Trust is currently seeking applications from
      potential candidates for its 2009 Fellowship Programme, to take place
      in June/July next year.

      The aim of the Fellowship is to enable outstanding individuals to
      study political, judicial, constitutional and other relative
      institutions and procedures in the United Kingdom and to share
      experiences of their own institutions in their countries with their
      peers and with British hosts and experts. We aim to foster leadership
      qualities in an outstanding group of individuals who on the completion
      of their Fellowship will return home to apply what they have learnt
      from each other and from the people and places they encounter in the
      UK. Our common purpose is to foster better relations and understanding
      between the Fellowship countries and the UK and between the Fellowship
      countries and each other.

      Applications for Fellowships are invited from:
      Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine

      The Trust only accepts applications from these seven countries.

      The Trust aims to recruit high-flying and influential young leaders
      who will make a substantial impact on the future development of their
      countries. The Fellowship Programme is open to political leaders,
      government or local government officials, journalists/media experts,
      lawyers and influential young leaders from civil society or the NGO
      sector. The “ideal” candidate will be aged 25-35, with a track record
      of concern for good governance. Good written and spoken English is
      essential.

      Further information about recruitment criteria, application details
      and deadlines can be obtained from the Trust’s website:
      http://www.johnsmithmemorialtrust.org/Web/Site/Programme/how_to_apply.asp

      ~~~

      WOMEN’S LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY FELLOWSHIIP PROGRAM

      Georgetown University Law Center is inviting applications for its
      Women's Law and Public Policy Fellowship Program (WLPPFP) and to the
      Leadership and Advocacy for Women in Africa (LAWA) Fellowship Program.
      For more information, please access www.law.georgetown.edu/wlppfp.
      The application deadline for WLPPFP, which is for lawyers from the
      United States, is Friday, October 31. The deadline for the LAWA
      Program, which is for lawyers from countries throughout Africa, is
      Friday, September 26. You may also contact Julia Ernst, the Program’s
      Executive Director, at 202-662-9644.

      ~~~

      EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: Journalists for Human Rights (JHR).
      Posted: 9/1/08

      JHR is hiring two Radio Journalism Trainers to work with JHR in
      Monrovia, Liberia for 8 months.

      Trainers’ work will vary, but will be focused on working with JHR’s
      Liberian media partners to build the capacity of the Liberian media to
      report more effectively on good governance and human rights issues.
      Activities will include daily on-the-job training, informal seminars
      and more formal workshops. A full-time program coordinator in Monrovia
      will manage the trainers’ work.

      The position will begin in early November 2008. It requires
      significant radio journalism experience and the ability to train
      people in a cross-cultural environment.

      For additional information and details on how to apply, please visit:
      http://www.jhr.ca/en/getin_employment.php.

      This November, JHR is launching a five-year project in Liberia, in
      partnership with the Liberia Media Centre and funded by DFID. Selected
      trainers will be helping JHR start what will be the one of the most
      significant media development projects in Liberia. It is an exciting
      opportunity for a radio journalist to put their skills to use in a
      most productive way.

      ~~~

      NATIONAL SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTS CLINIC AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS
      SCHOOL OF LAW
      Posted: 9/1/08

      The University of Texas School of Law invites applications for the
      position of Director of the National Security & Human Rights (NSHR)
      Clinic, a full-time position beginning in the 2009-2010 academic year
      or as early as spring 2009, depending on the applicant’s availability.

      Recognizing the rapidly-growing area of national security law, the
      NSHR Clinic was officially established in 2007 to provide students at
      UT Law the opportunity to grapple with the contemporary and complex
      body of law arising from the ‘war on terrorism.’ The NSHR Clinic’s
      docket includes both cases and projects that address a range of legal
      issues, including “material support for terrorism,” financial privacy,
      due process and privacy under the Constitution, international human
      rights law, and humanitarian law (both U.S. military law and
      international laws of war). The Clinic works on cases and projects by
      engaging in the direct representation of individuals detained at
      Guantanamo Bay, working with co-counsel (e.g., law firms, NGO’s), and
      collaborating with Clinic “Partners” (e.g., JAG attorneys, NGO’s,
      individuals).

      Students in the NSHR Clinic typically attend class one to two times a
      week and meet with their “supervising attorney” regarding their
      assigned cases and/or projects. In addition to working on their cases
      and/projects, the students also engage in simulation exercises, such
      as mock client interviews and moot oral arguments. The Clinic is
      currently staffed with only the Director position, but other UT law
      faculty often participate in Clinic activities and assist in the
      supervision of students on their casework.

      The Director will be a member of the clinical faculty at UT Law. This
      is a non-tenure track position with a presumptively renewable
      three-year contract.

      Responsibilities
      Direct, manage, and run every aspect of a law school clinic
      Teach the clinic classroom component
      Coordinate and organize the simulation exercises
      Arrange cases and/or projects that are suitable for students in a one
      semester clinic
      Develop and maintain client, co-counsel, and partnership relationships
      Supervise students in their case and project load
      Public relations on behalf of the Clinic and/or clients

      Qualifications
      J.D. degree, and admission to District of Columbia is strongly
      preferred or willingness to seek admission to practice before D.C.
      federal district and circuit courts
      5-8 years experience of litigation in federal court
      Background/experience with national security law, constitutional law,
      human rights law, and/or humanitarian law
      Experience teaching (clinic preferred) and supervising students or
      lawyers
      Experience or familiarity with running a law practice
      Secret security clearance is preferred or willingness to apply for one
      Willingness to travel to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base to meet with clients

      How to Apply
      Please mail or e-mail a cover letter, resume, and a list of three
      references to Kristine Huskey, Director of the National Security &
      Human Rights Clinic, 727 E. Dean Keeton Blvd., Austin, TX 78705,
      khuskey@.... The University of Texas School of Law is an
      equal opportunity employer.

      ~~~

      INTERNATIONAL JOBS

      Peace Program Coordinator
      Pact
      Location: Field Office
      Last Date: September 22, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49217.shtml

      Senior Advocacy Officer (LAC) â€" conflict, governance and human rights
      Christian Aid
      Location: London, UK
      Last Date: September 23, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49615.shtml

      Country Director, Democratic Republic of the Congo
      Global Rights
      Location: Bukavu, DRC
      Last Date: September 30, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_48930.shtml

      Researcher
      Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC)
      Location: New Haven, Connecticut
      Last Date: September 30, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49705.shtml

      Executive Director
      Greenpeace Africa
      Location: Johannesburg, South Africa
      Last Date: September 30, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49737.shtml

      Director - Human Rights Programs
      Vital Voices Global Partnership
      Location: Washington DC, USA
      Last Date: October 1, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49422.shtml

      Country Manager
      Clinton Foundation
      Location: Peru and Colombia
      Last Date: October 2, 2008
      http://216.197.119.113/jobman/publish/article_49471.shtml

      SOURCE: See more jobs at: http://www.DevNetJobs.org or by sending a
      blank email to:
      developmentjobs-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=
      EDUCATIONAL COURSES & CONFERENCES
      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=

      American University Washington College of Law Center for Human Rights
      and Humanitarian Law and The National Institute of Military Justice

      Boumediene v. Bush and the Future of US Detention Policy

      On June 12, 2008, the US Supreme Court ruled that Lakhdar Boumediene,
      a Guantanamo Bay detainee, has a right to habeas corpus under the US
      Constitution. What does this decision mean for other detainees at
      Guantanamo petitioning for a writ of habeas corpus? How will this
      affect US detention policy? Where do the current presidential
      candidates stand on this issue?

      Join the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law and the National
      Institute of Military Justice for an analysis of the Court’s decision
      with noted experts in the field. Lunch will be served.

      Tuesday, September 23
      12:00-1:20 PM
      American University Washington College of Law (WCL) Room 101

      Scheduled speakers:
      Eugene R. Fidell, President, National Institute of Military Justice
      Richard Samp, Chief Counsel, Washington Legal Foundation
      Stephen Vladeck, Professor, Washington College of Law
      Richard Wilson, Professor, Washington College of Law

      WCL is located at 4801 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20016
      For more information about this and other upcoming events, please
      visit the Center’s website at http://www.WCLCenterforHR.org or NIMJ at
      http://www.nimj.org/

      ~~~

      NATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTE ON CIVIL LEGAL REMEDIES FOR VICTIMS OF
      TRAFFICKING
      October 2-3, 2008
      Washington, DC

      Presented by the American Bar Association’s Commission on Domestic
      Violence, Commission on Immigration, Rule of Law Initiative, Center
      for Pro Bono, Commission on Youth At Risk, Section of Individual
      Rights and Responsibilities and Center for Human Rights.

      Victims of human trafficking have many civil legal needs, including
      the need to access the legal system for safety, to obtain or secure
      income and to address immigration-related issues. Victims of
      trafficking often have unique legal issues and distinct legal remedies
      available to them that are not necessarily available to victims of
      other crimes, such as access to specific visas, public benefits, or
      forms of remuneration. It is crucial that human trafficking victims
      are able to have access to justice through these distinct remedies

      General Registration Fee: $175
      Non-Profit Staff Attorney Registration Fee: $75
      Deadline for discounted hotel rate: Sept. 5, 2008
      Deadline for general registration: Sept. 17, 2008

      Limited stipends for partial reimbursements are available courtesy of
      LexisNexis. If you would like to apply for a stipend, please contact
      Amanda Kloer at kloera@... with a brief statement of need
      and proof of tax exempt status. Limit one applicant per organization.
      Deadline for stipend applications 8/29/08.
      Registration fees are used to defray the costs of the training and do
      not generate profit for the ABA.

      For more information, please contact Amanda Kloer, Project Coordinator
      at kloera@... or call (202) 662-1697.

      ~~~

      SCIENCE SERVING HUMAN RIGHTS: MAKING IT HAPPEN

      October 23, 2008
      3:00 â€" 5:30 pm
      AAAS Headquarters
      1200 New York Avenue, NW
      Washington, DC 20005

      We are delighted to announce an upcoming event that will highlight
      what has been accomplished by teams of scientists and human rights
      practitioners working together. Featuring a conversation with three
      such teams, we will hear from both perspectives about the challenges
      and opportunities presented by such partnerships, and what
      collaborations of this sort can achieve.

      For more information visit:
      http://shr.aaas.org/scisocs/AreasofActivity/Service_to_the_Human_Rights_Community.html

      ~~~

      You are invited to the . . .
      5th INTERNATIONAL “HERBERT ANAYA” HUMAN RIGHTS FORUM

      On October 26, 1987, Herbert Anaya, a human rights lawyer, was
      assassinated - gunned down in front of his home in San Salvador, in
      front of his children. 2008 is the 5th year that family members and
      other courageous Salvadorans have organized a Human Rights Forum to
      honour the life and work of Herbert Anaya, and to promote and defend
      the human rights of all Salvadorans.

      2008 Theme: “YOUTH & THE STRUGGLE TO ACHIEVE PEACE WITH JUSTICE,
      TRUTH AND RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS”

      WHERE: San Salvador
      WHEN: October 23-26, 2008
      FOR INFORMATION: Rosa Anaya, congreso.ddhh.anaya@...,
      http://www.geocities.com/cdh_has

      ~~~

      2008 California Crimes and Immigration Seminar
      IMMIGRATION CONSEQUENCES AND POST-CONVICTION RELIEF IN CALIFORNIA
      Presented by the Immigrant Legal Resource Center and the Law Office of
      Norton Tooby

      San Francisco, CA
      October 25, 2008
      Golden Gate University School of Law
      536 Mission St
      San Francisco, CA 94105
      Rooms 5310 & 2202
      9:00 am â€" 5:00 pm

      Los Angeles, CA
      November 8, 2008
      UCLA School of Law
      405 Hilgard Ave.
      Los Angeles, CA 90095
      Rooms 1447 & 1457
      9:00 am â€" 5:00 pm

      A day-long seminar on defending non-citizens for immigration and
      criminal attorneys:
      Separate easy-to-understand, simplified morning session for criminal
      lawyers.
      Separate morning session for immigration lawyers on relief in
      immigration court.
      Joint session for both immigration and criminal lawyers on obtaining
      post-conviction relief to erase convictions and the immigration
      consequences of criminal convictions.

      CLE information: This activity conforms to the standards of approved
      education activities prescribed by the rules and regulations of the
      State Bar of California governing Minimum Continuing Legal Education
      for 6.25 hours of credit.

      Questions? Please call our office at (510) 601-1300
      Fax Registration Form to: (510) 595-6772
      Address: Law Offices of Norton Tooby, 6333 Telegraph Ave. #200,
      Oakland, CA 94609
      Register online: www.NortonTooby.com

      ~~~

      HUMAN RIGHTS FIELDWORK - Principles, Strategies and Skills

      Date: Sunday 26th October - Sunday 2 November 2008
      Venue: National University of Ireland, Maynooth

      The Training Programme will explore the principles underpinning
      effective human rights fieldwork, enhance the skills of participants
      needed to carry this out safely before/during/after armed conflict,
      ensure that human rights fieldwork is relevant, effective,
      sustainable, participatory and accountable, raise participants'
      self-awareness of skills required to undertake international human
      rights fieldwork. The training programme is intended for development
      and humanitarian aid workers, civilian/military peace-keepers, NGO and
      IGO field staff.

      Overview of Training Programme:
      - Evolution of international human rights law & mechanisms relevant to
      human rights fieldwork
      - The full cycle of human rights monitoring from information gathering
      to stimulating sustainable progress in conflict/post-conflict environments
      - Case studies for monitoring the full spectrum of civil, political,
      economic, social and cultural rights
      - Interviewing and reporting techniques
      - Applying development programming to human rights fieldwork
      - Working with field partners, co-operating and building relationships
      - Personal preparedness including, safety/security, stress/trauma etc
      - Simulation of core field challenges, such as intercultural
      sensitivities, teamwork, leadership etc. .

      For an application form and information on all IHRN Training
      programmes see http://www.ihrnetwork.org/2007-08-programmes.htm

      ~~~
      30th International Human Rights Training Program (IHRTP)
      Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Québec, Canada, June 14 â€" July 3rd, 2009

      We are delighted to provide details about our next annual
      International Human Rights Training Program. We are looking forward to
      another inspiring three-week program and the opportunity to meet more
      than 120 participants from around 60 different countries.

      We are inviting you to forward the Application Form, Program
      Information and Memorandum of Agreement to your international network
      of human rights activists and encourage organizations who you think
      could benefit from the program to apply. It is also a good opportunity
      to share with your network your personal experience at the IHRTP. We
      always appreciate recommendations from people who have experienced the
      IHRTP.

      All forms and background information can be found at:
      http://www.equitas.org/english/programs/IHRTP.php
      IHRTP is intended for human rights workers and educators from
      non-governmental organizations, National Human Rights Institutions,
      government bodies and educational institutions. The goal of the IHRTP
      is to strengthen the capacity of human rights organizations to
      undertake human rights education efforts aimed at building a global
      culture of human rights. The curriculum is based on principles of
      adult experiential learning in which participants and facilitators
      engage in a process of mutual teaching and learning. The Program
      Information provides a detailed description of the Program.

      Please note that the deadline for receiving international applications
      is November 21st, 2008 and that only the 2008 Application Forms will
      be accepted. The application form for Canadian applicants will be sent
      in a few weeks.
      Should you have comments or questions, please do not hesitate to
      contact the IHRTP Team at ihrtp-pifdh@...
      ~~~

      POSTGRADUATE FELLOWSHIP COURSE: Transparency, Accountability and the
      Fight against Corruption

      We are pleased to send you information about the Postgraduate
      Fellowship Course on Transparency, Accountability and the Fight
      against Corruption (Diploma de Postítulo en Transparencia,
      Accountability y Lucha contra la Corrupción), organized for the second
      year running by the Human Rights Center (Centro de Derechos Humanos â€"
      CDH) of the University of Chile’s Law School. This capacity-building
      program, which will take place from 9 March to 24 July 2009, will
      combine online teaching (17 weeks) with classroom-based teaching and
      other academic activities (two weeks at the beginning and one week at
      the end of the course), in Santiago de Chile.

      The program, designed to train Latin American professionals working in
      the public sector, the private sector, civil society organizations and
      the international arena, will provide participants with an important
      theoretical foundation of fundamental concepts in this field. They
      will study the principal areas and problems corruption presents to
      establishing a well-functioning democracy and to the exercise of
      fundamental rights. Likewise, they will examine the various
      strategies that have been developed, not only to eliminate this
      phenomenon, but also to build democratic societies that are more
      transparent, just, participatory, and respectful of human rights.

      The program will offer a limited number of scholarships.

      We would like to ask for your help in disseminating this information
      through American Bar association Human Rights committee. By airmail we
      are sending you some posters and leaflets regarding the course. In
      addition, it would be of great help if you could announce the course
      on your organization’s website, and create a direct link to
      www.transparenciacdh.uchile.cl/docencia/ where detailed information
      may be found. We are attaching a brief description of the
      Postgraduate Fellowship Course.

      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+
      HUMAN RIGHTS NEWS
      =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+

      NICARAGUAN PRIEST TAKING TOP U.N. POST
      By Richard Boudreaux, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
      September 16, 2008

      UNITED NATIONS -- Father Miguel d'Escoto stopped saying Mass 23 years
      ago when the Vatican suspended his priestly functions for refusing to
      quit Nicaragua's revolutionary government. But he never stopped preaching.

      From university lecterns, slum soup kitchens and diplomatic forums, he
      has voiced moral wrath over the plight of the poor and the might of
      wealthy nations, particularly the United States.
      Today he is being promoted to a far bigger pulpit: the presidency of
      the United Nations General Assembly.

      Thanks to quirky election rules that gave U.S. diplomats limited means
      to block him, the man guiding the 192-nation assembly's debates and
      resolutions for the coming year will be a sharp-tongued cleric who
      once called Ronald Reagan a "butcher," President Bush a liar and both
      men threats to international security.

      But his sermons these days convey a mixed message. After decades of
      rhetorical combat, the 75-year-old priest is trying to adjust to a
      more diplomatic role.
      Since his election in June, he has taken oblique swipes at American
      policy while promising not to use his new position to bash it head-on.

      Without naming culprits, he railed in his acceptance speech against
      "acts of aggression, such as those occurring in Iraq and Afghanistan."
      But the same speech warned U.N. member states against "futile
      recriminations."

      "Look, the world is in a very lamentable state," D'Escoto said in an
      interview last week. He cited global food shortages, climate change,
      human rights abuses, and weapons purchases that drain resources from
      efforts to fight poverty.

      "Things have to change," he said. "If we are going to move in a
      different direction, it's absolutely important that we not go with an
      attitude that others are to blame. We must work together."

      Asked how that squared with his recent jabs at Washington, he replied:
      "Reconciliation is not compatible with killing my brother. It means
      forget past misgivings, but from now on it stops, that behavior.
      Aggression is the worst imaginable act of terrorism. Do you know how
      many people have died in Iraq because of the aggression and occupation
      since 9/11?"

      Read the full story at:
      http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-father16-2008sep16,0,1263714.story

      ~~~

      UN: BRAZIL POLICE LINKED TO 1 IN 5 RIO MURDERS
      By BRADLEY BROOKS
      ASSOCIATED PRESS WRITER

      RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil -- Brazilian police carried out a "significant
      proportion" of the 48,000 murders that swept Brazil last year,
      according to a U.N. report released Monday, casting doubt on the
      government's ability to curtail drug violence and reign in vigilante
      militias.

      The report by U.N. special envoy on extra-judicial killings Philip
      Alston said police murder three people a day on average in Rio de
      Janeiro, making them responsible for one in five killings in the city,
      which is plagued by drug-gang violence and roving militias of off-duty
      police.

      Rio de Janeiro State Security Chief Jose Beltrame dismissed the
      findings, saying Alston spent less than two weeks in Brazil and did
      not fully understand what was happening.

      "He is a person who comes from Australia ... (and) came up with a
      shortsighted report of police operations," Beltrame said. "I want him
      to prove it."

      The U.N. report found that police are rarely punished for their
      involvement and many Brazilians are resigned to the violence, seeing
      no other way to fight the drug gangs that rule the slums.
      Alston toured some of Brazil's most crime-ridden areas in November,
      gathering statistics from the government, police and NGOs, and
      interviewing local commanders, top ministers, activists and more than
      forty witnesses to police abuses. He presented his findings to the
      U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva on Monday.

      Read the full story at:
      http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/1102ap_lt_brazil_police_killings.html

      ~~~

      IS THIS 21st-CENTURY APARTHEID?
      The segregation and abuse of the low-caste Dalit people is a stain on
      India's reputation, but a militant fightback is under way
      Peter Tatchell
      guardian.co.uk,
      Wednesday September 17 2008

      Eight people were convicted on Monday of the murder of four members of
      a lower-caste Dalit family in the western Indian state of Maharashtra.

      A Dalit farmer's wife, daughter and two sons were lynched and beaten
      to death by an upper-caste mob in a land dispute in 2006. The women
      were also raped.

      What is unusual about this case is that the perpetrators were
      successfully prosecuted. Normally, the killers of Dalits walk free.

      One reason why the murderers have been bought to justice is the rising
      tide of Dalit militancy. There has been a wave of mass demonstrations
      by Dalit people demanding justice and equal treatment. Newly confident
      and organised, the Dalits are fighting back with strikes and boycotts.
      Shaken by this burgeoning protest movement, some Indian authorities
      are finally being pushed and pressured into action, albeit slowly and
      exceptionally.

      About time too. India's 170 million Dalit people, formerly known as
      "untouchables," are at the bottom of the Hindu caste system. They are
      victims of the most extreme form of caste discrimination. It is, in
      many ways, analogous to racism. By virtue of their birth into a Dalit
      family and community, they are condemned forever to a life of social
      stigma, exclusion and victimisation.

      Human Rights Watch has condemned India's abuse of its Dalit people as
      a "hidden apartheid," comparable to the institutional discrimination
      of pre-democratic South Africa.

      Read the full story at:
      http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/sep/17/india.humanrights

      ~~~

      UN WON’T MEET TARGET FOR PEACEKEEPERS IN DARFUR
      By EDITH M. LEDERER
      ASSOCIATED PRESS WRITER

      UNITED NATIONS -- Only half of the 26,000 peacekeepers authorized for
      Sudan's conflict-wracked Darfur region will be deployed by the end of
      the year, far below the 80 percent target, the U.N. peacekeeping chief
      said Wednesday.

      Alain Le Roy, a French diplomat who just took over the post, confirmed
      a report by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon late last month that it will
      take many more months to get the joint United Nations-African Union
      force on the ground.

      The joint mission took over peacekeeping duties in Darfur from a
      beleaguered 7,000-strong AU force last January. As of July 31, it had
      just over 8,100 military personnel and fewer than 1,900 police
      officers on the ground, out of the 26,000 planned.

      Nigerian Gen. Martin Agwai, commander of the peacekeeping force, known
      as UNAMID, said in June that he expected to have a total of 13,000 in
      three or four months. He expressed optimism that 80 percent of the
      authorized force could be deployed by Dec. 31 - and so did Ban.

      But at his first news conference Wednesday, Le Roy told reporters, "I
      think 80 percent sadly has been, as far as I know so far, a bit
      optimistic."

      He said he expected an additional 3,000 soldiers and police to join
      the force by the end of November, primarily from Ethiopia and Egypt.
      "But my guess is that the Thai and Nepalese battalions who are due to
      come will not come by the end of the year," Le Roy said. "They will
      come a bit later."

      He said the delay stemmed from the "lack of clarity of the answer from
      the Sudanese authorities in the last month" about the deployment of
      the contingents from Thailand and Nepal.
      "They were prepared, but there was some hesitation, so they now have
      to prepare again and to order all the equipment," Le Roy said.

      Read the full story at:
      http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/1105ap_un_un_sudan_darfur.html

      +=+=+=+=+
      REMINDER
      +=+=+=+=+

      The materials and information included in this listserv are provided
      as a service to you and do not necessarily reflect endorsement by the
      American Bar Association or the Section of International Law.

      We encourage subscribers to pass the information along to colleagues
      and other interested parties and to contribute press releases, news
      items, event listings, job vacancies and other appropriate
      information. To post a message email INTHUMRIGHTS@...

      For questions, suggestions or problems, contact Russell Kerr,
      russell@...

      Thank you again for your interest and participation!

      FAIR USE NOTICE: This weekly digest contains copyrighted material the
      use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the
      copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts
      to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights,
      economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We
      believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material
      as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance
      with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material in this digest is
      distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior
      interest in receiving the included information for research and
      educational purposes.
      For more information go to:
      http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.