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Classical Place-names

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  • James Mathews
    ... Colline Metallifere (Metal-Bearing Range). Part of the Anti-Apennine Mountains in northwest Eruria (Tuscanny, western Italy), producing the metals that
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 7, 2014
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      >>>> Catena Metakkifera <<<<

      Colline Metallifere (Metal-Bearing Range).  Part of the Anti-Apennine Mountains in northwest Eruria (Tuscanny, western Italy), producing the metals that attracted Greek traders from southwest Italy (Campani) and thus brought about the rise of the Etruscan city-states and created their wealth.  The Catena Metallifera provided the only considerable supplies of copper and iron in the central Mediterranean region, and many traces of theirEtruscan working can still be seen.  The two main nuclei, the Massetano (centered on Massa Veternensis, now Massa Marittima) and the Campigliese (from Campiglia Marittima; also producing tin and alum, used for dyeing) were situated in the immediate hinterland of Populonia, opposite the island of Aethalia (Ilva, Elba) which was also rich in metals.

      >>>> Citharon <<<<

      Kithairon.  A mountain range in central Greece separating Attica and the Megarid from Boetia.  Cithaeron was rich in religous observances, including the cult of Zeus, the festival of Daedala in honor of Hera, and the mystic rites of Dionysus.  It was here, according to myth, that the Pentheus was torn to pieces by the Bacchants for spurning his worship, and Actaeon, because he had seen Artemis bathing, was turned into a stag and killed by his own hounds.  In the Theban mythological cycle, preserved by the tragic drama of Sophocles, it was on Citheron that Oedipus was exposed as an infant, and found by a shepherd looking after his sheep on the mountain’s summer pastures.  In historical times numerous forts on its heights and slopes guarded the frontiers of Attica.


      M. Grant, “A Guide To the Ancient World . . .,” H. W. Wilson Co., 1986

      Respectfully Submitted;

      Marcus Audens
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