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  • James Mathews
    Apr 13, 2014
      >>>> Measurements <<<<

      Although the Romans imposed a standard system of weights and measures across their empire, several different systems had existed in the Greek world.  For example, the Greek foot, subdivided into 16 daktyls, has been found to vary  between 27 and 35 cm, depending on the geographical region.  However, an intermediate value of 30.83cm was widely employed, and may be deemed  an acceptable average.  The standard foot of the Romans, by contrast, measured 29.57cm; it was generally subdivided into 16ths (called digits, the Latin form of the Greek daktyls), or into 12ths.

      Several weight standards were employed in the Greek world, all based on the 60-mina talent.  However, the Attic standard used in Athens with its mina of 436.6g, was pre-eminent.  The Roman system was based on the pound (libra) of 327.45 g, which was exactly three-quarters of the Attic mina.

      >> Greek weights and measurements

      60 minas = 1 talent = 26.2kg
      24 daktyls = 2 spans = 1 cubit = 46.24cm
      16 daktyls =1ft = 30.83cm

      >> Roman weights and measurements
      80 libre = 1talent = 26.2kg
      24 digits = 2 spans = 1 cubit = 44.35cm
      16 digits =12in. = 1 ft = 29.57cm


      >>> Duncan B. Campbell, Brian Delf (illus.), “Greek and Roman Artillery 399 BC -- AD 393,” New Vanguard 89 (Osprey, 2003) (ISBN 1-84176-634-8)

      Respectfully Submitted;

      Marcus Audens