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557Vegetius, Epitome of Miitary Science

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  • James Mathews
    Apr 12, 2014
      >>>> Siege Strategies of Attack and Defense (Chap 12-30) <<<<

      12.  What to do when the first assault is pressed to the walls,

      When a violent assault is prepared against forts and cities, deadly battles are fought with mutual danger to both sides but a greater bloodshed for the assailants (1).  For the side wishing to enter the walls doubles the sense of panic in hopes of forcing a surrender by parading its forces equipped with terrible apparatus in a confused uproar of trumpets and men (2).  Then because fear is more devastating to the experienced, while the townspeople are stupefied by the first assault if unfamiliar with the experience of danger, ladders are put up and the city invaded.  But if the first attack is repelled by men of courage or by soldiers, the boldness of the besieged grows at once and the war is fought no longer by terror but by energy and skill (3).

      Cf. Amm. 19.9.9 on Persian losses at Amida, Nisibis and Singara, AD 359.  Cf. Onas. 42.7-13, Livy 37.5.5. Tac. Hist. 5.13.4 this is the second kind of siege warfare foreshadowed at IV.7 init.
      e.g. by king Sapr (Shapur) II at Amida. Amm.19.2.1 ff. and by Constantius II at   Bezabde, Amm. 20.11.8
      Cf. Livy 38.5.3-4

      Reference:

      >> Vegetius, N. P. Milner (trans.), “Epitome of Military Science, (Second revised edition),” (Liverpool University Press, 2011);  (ISBN 978-0-85323-910-9).

      Respectfully Submitted;

      Marcus Audens