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[Byron] Byron until 1830

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  • Abolfazl Ramazani
    George Ford in Keats and the Victorians (1962) (p. 5) states that until 1830, Byron held sway over the literary circles. Scott and Moore had their followers
    Message 1 of 11 , Mar 1, 2003
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      George Ford in Keats and the Victorians (1962) (p. 5) states that until 1830, Byron held sway over the literary circles. Scott and Moore had their followers but to most readers between Waterloo and the first Reform Bill, poetry meant Childe Harold and Don Juan. The poetry of other writers seemed weak and trivial before Byron’s writings. Ford quotes one of Landor’s characters as saying in 1823, ‘. . . he will always have more partisans and admirers than any other. . . .’


      Abolfazl Ramazani
      Postgraduate research student
      Department of English and Related Literature
      University of York, Heslington, Yo10 5DD
      Email: ar125@y...
      Tel: (44) 1904 433366
      Fax: (44) 1904 433372




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    • Abolfazl Ramazani
      Ford states that Robert Browning was the most original poet in the Victorian Period. He abandoned Byronism in 1826 and turned to Keats and Shelley for
      Message 2 of 11 , Mar 1, 2003
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        Ford states that Robert Browning was the most original poet in the Victorian Period. He abandoned Byronism in 1826 and turned to Keats and Shelley for inspiration. Tennyson also represents the change in taste in favour of the two. Ford says that apart from the contribution of Keats's friends such as Hunt and milder critics such as Landor one other factor contributed to Keats's fame from 1821 until the first publication of his collected poetry in 1840: the general decline of Byron's popularity after 1830. Byron's 'muscular poetry' was contrasted to Keats's feminine verse. But the way for the acceptance of Keats's poetry was paved when Byron's mighty popularity collapsed a few years after his death. 'Byron's decline seems to have been followed by a general confusion of standards on the part of the reading public'. He quotes Henry Taylor as saying in 1834 that 'the decline in popular estimation which he has suffered for these last few years, may be rather attributed to a satiated appetite on the part of the public than to a rectified taste.' Keats was never famous during his lifetime and only gradually became so after the publication of his first biography in 1848 by R. M. Milnes. Fords says ' the decline of Byron was the first essential step' for the gradual rise in Keats’s fame. During the period 1821-1850 the man to profit most was Wordsworth, argues Ford.



        Abolfazl


        Abolfazl Ramazani
        Postgraduate research student
        Department of English and Related Literature
        University of York, Heslington, Yo10 5DD
        Email: ar125@y...
        Tel: (44) 1904 433366
        Fax: (44) 1904 433372




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        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Nancy Mayer
        That is interesting about Keats not being appreciated until Byron s popularity diminished. There were two types of Poetry in the Victorian time ( it really is
        Message 3 of 11 , Mar 2, 2003
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          That is interesting about Keats not being appreciated until Byron's
          popularity diminished.
          There were two types of Poetry in the Victorian time ( it really is
          silly to have one label for a period of 75 or so years) Though we
          usually study the Brownings and Tennyson, there were others such a
          Pater and others of whom less is known by us. Some of the popular
          poetry of the time was sentimental bits about wives being the angel
          in the house.
          Excerpts from Byron's poems continued to be published in anthologies.
          Some of the passages from Childe Harold were included and She walks
          in Beauty. I even have a book published late in the century called
          Sacred Gems of Poetry which includes two poems from Hebrew melodies.
          Though I am not overly interested in Mary Shelley, I do think she
          had the mind of a marketing expert. Shelley's crimes were known and
          public. It was well known that he had deserted a wife and wo children
          and run off with a sixteen year old and lived with her for years
          before they could marry. It was also known that Shelley had been
          expelled from university for saying he was an Atheist.
          Shelley differed from Byron in two fields: One Shelley's poetry
          seemed to follow the laws which said that poetry should deal with
          exalted subjects and must at last seem to be very moral. 2nd. mary
          Shelley spent her life after her husband died cleaning his reputation
          and that of her self and her children. her oldest surviving son became
          the baronet on the death of his grandfather. That did not hurt,
          either.
          Nancy
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