- It seems that my original posting of 11 Nov 99 looking for persons who may be aware of a connection between Hayden's Company of The King's Rangers and the German settlement at Broad Bay has turned into a discussion of land disputes in that area. This was not my intent.
I mentioned that it may have been possible that some of the sons of the original German settlers joined the Loyalist unit as their parents were having problems obtaining title to the land from Samuel Waldo. I have no proof that anyone joined for that reason. In the book "Broad Bay Pioneers" the authors indicated that many of the original settlers were having problems obtaining a valid land title and that the reason, in many cases, was that they owed Samuel Waldo for all or part of their passage to America. I assumed that this may have been a valid reason for some sons to have joined a Loyalist unit since the British were offering land grants in exchange for service. It is quite possible that they joined for other reasons.
My main purpose is to establish a link between German names in PEI and Broad Bay during that period of time. My ggg grandfather whose name was Frederick Praught was a member of The King's Rangers as was John Achorn. In the book "Broad Bay Pioneers" the authors have a John Achorn who they claim moved to PEI. In the book "An Island Refuge" which is a book about Loyalists and Disbanded Troops on the Island of Saint John (now PEI), they list John Achorn as coming from Broad Bay and being the son of Mattheu� Eichhorn. Therefore, one link back to Broad Bay has been established.
My question is - - does anyone know of others in the Broad Bay community that may have joined The King's Rangers regardless of the reason for joining? I am hoping to find a link between Frederick Praught and John Frederick Procht whose father was Peter Pracht of Broad Bay. I understand that the current day descendants are called Prock.
- Ed & Listers --
When Ed raised the possibility of The King's Rangers recruiting at
Penobscot during the time the British occupied Castine, my immediate
reaction was "No way, Hosea!" as the only recollection I had was of a
small muster list of loyalist soldiers attached to the Loyalist claim of
a person who claimed to have spent some time at Penobscot and who also
claimed to served as a Loyalist Ranger in Canada. As I did not
recognize the name of the claimant or any of the names on the list, I
assumed this was a Nova Scotian unit.
Digging through some old files, I came upon a copy of a document I found
in the Public Record Office in England more than 15 years ago. The
document was in a box of loose papers (Ref: WO 60/33, pt. 1) and was
entitled: "Abstract of the number of Men, Women and Children of the
British and Foreign Regiments, New Levies, Civil Departments &ca &ca
victualled at Halifax and its Dependencies." At that time, Fort George
at Penobscot was an administrative dependency of the Halifax Commissary
General. Because the list is rather short, I reproduce it here in its
entirity as the family aspect of the British forces is not normally
ORGANIZATION MEN WOMEN CHILDREN
74th Regiment 520 62 92
70th Regiment 4 3 1
4th Bn Royal Artillery 6 5 11
1st Battn Kings Rangers 3 5 8
Engineering Department 10 - -
Commissary General Dept 5 1 2
Refugees 39 - -
Inhabitants, averaged at 28 - -
In the notes section: "Penobscot -- The Inhabitants employ'd on the
publick Works vary so much that it is not possible to calculate with any
precision." 'Inhabitants' worked as laborers on the construction of the
fort in return for rations.
As this list is for rations ('victualled') the fact that the Rangers had
more women than men suggests that there were more males (troops) than
those who received rations.
I have also just corresponded with some historians knowledgeable on the
subject of Loyalist troops. Here are some of their comments:
"If I remember correctly, [Col.] Robert Rogers wrote a letter saying
that he was present at the battle [at Penobscot] with some of his men."
"Captain Jones (aka "Black Jones" apparently first battalion KR)
conducted amphibious raids from the Penobscot area."
"A Kings Ranger Lieutenant from the area mentions being used as marines
in his Loyalist claim."
"I did find a reference in the Carleton Papers to Hayden being present
there [at Penobscot] at one time, but forget the date."
"In a note of the printed version of William Bayard's loyalist claim it
mentions that the King's Orange Rangers and Gorham's Fencible Americans
were cited for assiting to build the works at Penobscot."
The only logical way that the old drunk, Col. Robert Rogers, the
commander of the King's Rangers, could have been 'at the battle' would
have been if he and his troops were on the Naval relief fleet under Sir
George Collier which routed the Americans in August 1779. This would be
consistent with the perception that they were used as 'marines' on a
Ed, where there is smoke, there usually is fire. I have documented
above that the 1st Battalion of Kings Rangers (irregardless as to their
small manning level) was at Penobscot in June 1782. While this does not
prove recruiting at Waldoboro, it certainly opens up the possibility.
Today bu car, it is between one hour plus 45 minutes and 2 hours to
drive from Castine to Waldoboro -- say it is 75 miles -- okay, an hour
and a half if you speed and take the back roads. By boat, it was in the
1780s a day's trip down and about three-quarters of a day's trip back in
prevaling winds and going through the islands.
Bob Brooks, downeast on the coast of Maine
I have been following this discussion with interest. My ancestor Jacob
Jung/Young, was part of the Waldoboro German colony with his father and
siblings. He received a land grant in New Brunswick and is listed as having
been part of the King's Orange Rangers. However, he also spent some time in
Marblehead, Mass. as it was there that he married Rachel Ferguson. It is
interesting to speculate that he may have been at Penobscot (and apparently,
Rachel and the children too!)